Bergheim (Upper Bavaria)
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|Management Community :||Neuburg on the Danube|
|Height :||389 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||28.93 km 2|
|Residents:||1878 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||65 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||86673|
|Area code :||08431|
|License plate :||ND, SOB|
|Community key :||09 1 85 118|
|Community structure:||5 parts of the community|
|Address of the
|First Mayor :||Tobias Gensberger (Bergheim Village Community)|
|Location of the municipality Bergheim in the district of Neuburg-Schrobenhausen|
- Attenfeld ( Kirchdorf )
- Bergheim ( parish village )
- Hennenweidach ( wasteland )
- Igstetterhof (wasteland)
- Unterstall (parish village)
Advance and early development
The first settlements date from the Middle and Neolithic (8000 to 1800 BC). This is evidenced by finds near Attenfeld, where settlement pits, ceramics, a stone ax and shards were uncovered. Excavations from 1949 show that there was also a settlement in Bergheim during the Neolithic Age (4000 to 2000 BC). A stool grave and settlement pits from the Early Bronze Age (1800 to 1600 BC ) were uncovered at the "Geißbuck" ( quarry ).
The current community was formed by the merger of the three formerly independent communities Attenfeld (with Igstetter Hof), Bergheim (with Hennenweidach ) and Unterstall (with Straßwirt) on May 1, 1978.
Administrative community Neuburg an der Donau
The administrative community based in Neuburg an der Donau consists of the communities Bergheim and Rohrenfels . With the establishment of this administrative community on May 1, 1978, the political independence could be maintained, since both communities did not reach the required minimum size of 1,800 inhabitants per community. Initially, the administrative community also included the communities of Oberhausen and Weichering , which were dismissed at their request and set up their own administrations.
The place name comes from the name “Perkhaimb”, which should mean “home on the mountain”. However, on the one hand the village is really located on a few small hills - which already indicate the slight rise of the Jura region up to the north, on the other hand it is located directly on the Danube , and thus borders directly on the large plain of the Donaumooses .
From the modern history of the place it should be noted that a permanent post bus connection between Ingolstadt - Gerolfing - Dünzlau - Irgertsheim- Bergheim was set up as early as 1899 , which had its entry point in the post office of the Speth brewery .
In 1922 and over the following years, the farms in Bergheim were connected to electricity. The connection to the sewer system was carried out between 1971 and 1974, during which the roads were also completely expanded.
The place lies in a depression, is surrounded on three sides by the Jura foothills and is bordered in the southeast by the Danube . There are two versions of the origin of the place name, one of which derives Unterstall from "Unterer Burgstall", the other version says that the name is derived from the Germanic word "stal", which means "lower dwelling" and as an explanation is also more likely. Unterstall is first mentioned in a document in 1179 as the property of the Eichstätter cathedral chapter.
Attenfeld is the smallest part of the municipality, surrounded on three sides by forests, idyllically situated in the gentle hills and foothills of the Franconian Jura. There are two versions of the origin of the name Attenfeld, one of which derives the name from "Odinsfeld", i.e. the field of Odin, the other version from "Attafeld", the father field. Which is ultimately correct is unlikely to be proven. Attenfeld was first mentioned under the name Attenvelt in the land register of Marshal von Pappenheim in 1214.
Between 1988 and 2018 the community grew from 1,535 to 1,877 by 342 inhabitants or 22.3%.
Tobias Gensberger (Bergheim village community) has been mayor since the 2014 local elections ; he prevailed against Michael Hartmann (CSU). This has been at the head of the community since 2008. Gensberger was confirmed in office on March 15, 2020 with 90.7% for a further six years without a competitor.
coat of arms
A coat of arms has been approved for the municipality of Bergheim since 1982 .
Blazon : "Over a silver three-hill covered with a blue wavy bar split by a silver tournament lance of red and black, in front a golden bishop's staff, at the bottom flanked by two averted golden plowshares, behind a double-tailed, red-crowned, red-armored and red-tongued golden lion."
- Parish Church of St. Mauritius , rebuilt 1744–1783 by the monasteries of Kaisheim and Niederschönenfeld in place of a church from the early 14th century using parts of the previous building; Tower with baroque dome ; 1961/62 extension of the nave by 6 m; Pulpit around 1700; baroque high altar from 1765; Baroque side altars from the Franciscan monastery of Neuburg an der Donau ; Madonna from 1460/70
- Marienkapelle in the cemetery, erected in 1748, furnished in a baroque style in 1772, with a copy of the Altötting miraculous image acquired in 1702as a pilgrimage image of “Our Lady of Bergheim”, high altar from 1721.
- More chapels and field crosses
Hen pasture roof:
- St. Anna Chapel, built in 1910/12 in place of a 16th century chapel.
- Church of St. Magnus , built in 1520 as a choir tower, in the 17th century hall church rebuilt from this period of baroque stucco ceiling ; late Gothic sacramental niche ; Altars from the late 18th century, pulpit from the 17th century, wooden figures from the 16th to 18th centuries
- Chapels and field crosses, Conler column
- Church of St. Aegidius , late Romanesque (12th century)
- Forest chapel “ Willibaldsruh / Willibaldiruh ” in Brunnholz, built in the first half of the 19th century in place of a previous wooden chapel; Nearby block of chalk quartzite with recesses that are constantly filled with water
- Albert Siebenhüter OSB (1913–1995), 1968–1986 first administrator , then abbot of Lambach Abbey in Austria
- Hans Döllgast (1891–1974), German architect
- Ludwig Hartmann: Small Chronicle of Unterstall . Bergheim community, reprint 2019.
- Rudolf Niessner: Chronicle of the community Bergheim. History of the villages of Bergheim, Unterstall and Attenfeld. Bergheim 1989
- Bergheim community
- Bergheim (Upper Bavaria): Official statistics of the LfStat
- Bergheim in the location database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bavarian State Library
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Mayor. Bergheim municipality, accessed on May 30, 2020 .
- Municipality of Bergheim in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 13, 2019.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 602 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Bergheim (Upper Bavaria) in the database of the House of Bavarian History