Founding meeting of the German Football Association
The founding assembly of the German Football Association took place as “I. General German Football Day ”took place on January 28, 1900 in the Leipzig restaurant Zum Mariengarten . The aim of this event was to create an umbrella organization for the football associations and clubs in Germany that had been established by then in order to ensure uniform rules and the implementation of national championships and international encounters. It led to the founding of what is now the world's largest individual sports association, the German Football Association (DFB).
Historical background and prehistory
The football in Germany was the end of the 1880s gradually popular and spread to the end of the 19th century in various cities of the German Empire. The first associations were founded primarily in Berlin, and calls for a nationwide organization of football competitions were soon loud. The initial claim to sole representation of the Berlin associations Bund Deutscher Fußballplayer (1890), Deutscher Fußball- und Cricket Bund (1891) and the Verband Deutscher Ballspielvereine (1897) met with resistance, especially in southern Germany, so that until the end of the 19th century due to the Rivalries neither nationwide championships nor official international comparisons could be organized. At that time there was also a lack of uniform rules and appropriate training for referees. The insight that a nationwide umbrella organization was needed was there, but various attempts and calls to found such an organization had failed by the turn of the century.
On the fringes of the “General German Sports Festival”, which took place in Leipzig in July 1899, some representatives of the Leipzig Ball Game Association as well as visitors from outside Germany met for a brief discussion. The topic was the organization of a "general German football day" at which the founding of a German football association was to be decided. This was to take place in Leipzig in September, but the event did not take place. After the games played in Berlin and Karlsruhe in November 1899 (three of the later so-called original international matches ) between German and English national teams had another dispute over the responsibilities and competencies for the organization of international matches, the chairman of the Leipzig Football Association took action, Johannes Kirmse , the initiative and published the following announcement in the "Deutsche Sportnachrichten" on January 4, 1900:
- Taking into account the approvals and requests we received from all parts of Germany, we have decided to convene the 1st General German Football Day for Saturday, January 27th and Sunday, January 28th, in Leipzig, Mariengarten, Carlstrasse. Agenda: whether and how is it possible for all German football clubs to reach an agreement? Every German soccer club or association is entitled to vote. Each association has as many votes as there are members.
The committee to convene the first general German football day in Leipzig.
Signed JE Kirmse, chairman.
On January 22nd, the exact process was announced as follows: The III. The election meeting of the German Sports Authority for Athletics takes place on the evening of January 27th and the First General German Football Day on the following day.
The "First General German Football Day"
On January 28th at 10:40 am, Johannes Kirmse opened the “First General German Football Day” as host and chairman. The 36 participants consisted mainly of the first generation of players who had become acquainted with football as high school students or students in the 1890s and who were between 25 and 30 years old at that time; At the age of 47, Ferdinand Hueppe from DFC Prague was the oldest among them. They represented a total of 86 clubs at this conference. The clubs represented also included two German clubs from Prague ( DFC and Germania ), which at the time belonged to Austria-Hungary . At the request of the Verband Deutscher Ballspielvereine (VDB), this circumstance led to an initial controversy about whether only imperial German clubs and associations should be allowed; In the end, however, the majority favored the participation of all clubs with 69 votes against 16 (with one abstention).
The only item on the agenda afterwards was: "Whether and how is an agreement of all German football associations and clubs possible?" And the initiators believe that the following points are in the foreground in order to solve this question:
- The establishment of a commission to prepare the establishment of a general football association.
- The establishment of general German football rules.
- The elimination of English game terms.
- Appointing a Supreme Court of Arbitration for Disputes.
- The organization of the next football day.
However, many present wanted to see an association founded that day, so that a heated discussion broke out around this question. While the Hamburg representative Walter Sommermeier saw the right moment for the founding, Fritz Boxhammer , chairman of the VDB and thus a representative of numerous Berlin associations, considered it premature and announced that the associations he represented would adopt the resolutions of the first general German Football days would not easily be regarded as binding. Initially, he only expects the establishment of uniform rules of the game as a positive result of Football Day. Even Walther Bensemann , who was known more for his brisk approach than for restraint, was of the opinion that the prerequisites for founding an association were uniform game and referee rules and the strengthening of local associations. Johannes Kirmse again suggested the establishment of a commission to prepare a foundation. As with earlier attempts, the establishment of a nationwide association seemed to have been postponed indefinitely.
However, after Gustav Manning had once again pointed out the intention of Football Day to “take final action” and Walter Sommermeier appealed to the delegates' patriotism with the memory of the founding of the empire in 1870/71, the following motion was made shortly before lunch break: “Signed apply for the establishment of a general German football association by today's assembly. Fred Manning, Sommermeier, Hueppe, Wamser. “The result of the vote was 64 against 22 votes in favor of the immediate establishment of the association. Johannes Kirmse then announced "to thunderous applause" that the German Football Association had been constituted.
Demmler (Berlin) wanted the game of cricket to be considered on behalf of the new association. Brandeis (Prague) suggests the name General German Football Association. Ultimately, at the suggestion of Bensemann (Karlsruhe / Mannheim), the name Deutscher Fußball-Bund was adopted.
The legality of this ad hoc establishment of the federal government was, however, controversial, especially since not all persons present considered themselves authorized to make this far-reaching decision for the associations whose voting rights they had to exercise. Boxhammer and other opponents of the foundation protested after the lunch break, and Kurt Doerry got to the heart of the situation by asking who is now, the German Football Association or the German Football Day. Despite the protests, facts have already been created by the declaration of membership of the representatives of 60 clubs for the new association.
The following Eleven Committee was then elected: Ferdinand Hueppe (Prague), Franz Behr (Hamburg), Ferdinand Wilhelm Fricke (Hanover), Albrecht (Magdeburg), Thomas (Dresden), Johannes Kirmse (Leipzig), Gustav Manning (Strasbourg), Hermann Stasny ( Frankfurt), Werkmüller (Berlin), Büttner I (Leipzig). One place remained vacant and was reserved for the VDB, which was expected to join in the short term. Hueppe (Prague) was elected chairman.
Founding clubs of the German Football Association
The 86 associations listed in the table below were represented at the founding meeting. 53 of them immediately agreed to join, another seven with reservations. These 60 associations are considered to be founding members (highlighted in bold in the table).
The DFB joined immediately: The member clubs of the Hamburg-Altonaer Fußball-Bund (8), the Süddeutscher Verband (7 and 8 with the Freiburg FC), the Berlin German Football and Cricket Association (4) and the clubs of the host Leipzig Association (5), each of which appeared separately, as well as 29 individual clubs, including the Freiburg FC. Since this cannot be counted twice, there are a total of 53 immediate accessions. Six clubs from Frankfurt am Main and Hanau, as well as Germania 88 (Berlin) joined with reservations.
The clubs of the Bremen Association (7) remain outside for the time being, as their representative Sommermeier believed that they did not have such a far-reaching mandate. Eleven clubs of the Berlin VDB did not join until June 17 of the same year, and the six Mannheim and Karlsruhe clubs represented by Bensemann as well as two other Berlin individual clubs (Favorit and Fortuna) also followed later.
|1||Altonaer FC from 1893||Altona||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|2||FC Eintracht Altona||Altona||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|3||Ascherslebener SC 1898||Aschersleben||-||Gustav Oehmichen|
|4th||BFC from 1893||Berlin||DFuCB||Müller|
|5||Academic SC 1893 Berlin||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|6th||BTuFC Alemannia 90||Berlin||DFuCB||Müller|
|7th||BTuFC Britannia 1892||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|8th||BFC Burgundy 1896||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|9||BFC Columbia 1896||Berlin||-||Squire|
|10||BFC Concordia 1895||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|12||BSC Favorite 1896||Berlin||-||Herder|
|13||BFC Fortuna 1894||Berlin||-||Carl Perls|
|14th||BFC Frankfurt 1885||Berlin||-||Markhardt|
|15th||BFC Germania 1888||Berlin||-||Georg Demmler|
|16||BFC Hertha 1892||Berlin||DFuCB||Müller|
|17th||SC Comet Berlin||Berlin||-||ranger|
|18th||BFC Phoenix||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|19th||BFC Prussia 1894||Berlin||-||Werkmüller|
|20th||BFuCC Rapide 1893||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|21st||BFC star 1889||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|22nd||BFC Tasmania 1890||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|23||BTuFC Toscana||Berlin||VDB||Richard Schröder|
|24||BTuFC Union 1892||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|25th||BTuFC Victoria 89||Berlin||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|26th||BFC Forward 1890||Berlin||DFuCB||Müller|
|27||FC Brunsviga 1896 Braunschweig||Braunschweig||-||Karl Stansch|
|28||FuCC Eintracht 1895 Braunschweig||Braunschweig||-||Karl Stansch|
|29||FC Germania Braunschweig||Braunschweig||-||Karl Stansch|
|30th||ASC 1898 Bremen||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|31||SC Germania 1899 Bremen||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|32||SC Hansa 1898 Bremen||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|33||Bremer SC 1891||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|34||KSV Simson Bremen||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|35||Club SuS 1896 Bremen||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|36||FV Werder 1899 Bremen||Bremen||VBFV||Walter Sommermeier|
|37||SV Blitz 1897 Breslau||Wroclaw||-||Aßmus|
|38||Academic BC 1897 Charlottenburg||Charlottenburg||VDB||Fritz Boxhammer|
|39||Britannia Chemnitz||Chemnitz||-||Udo Steinberg|
|40||Dresden FC 1893||Dresden||-||Thomas|
|41||Dresdner SC 1898||Dresden||-||Kühnel|
|42||SC Erfurt 1895||Erfurt||-||Beyer|
|43||1. Bockenheimer FC 1899||Frankfurt am Main||-||Albert Wamser|
|44||FC Frankfurt 1880||Frankfurt am Main||-||Albert Wamser|
|45||Frankfurt FC 1899||Frankfurt am Main||-||Albert Wamser|
|46||Frankfurt FC Germania 1894||Frankfurt am Main||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
|47||Frankfurt FC Victoria 1899||Frankfurt am Main||-||Albert Wamser|
|48||Freiburg FC 1897||Freiburg||-||Ernst Schottelius|
|49||Sport-Excelsior Friedenau||Friedenau||-||Kurt Doerry|
|50||FC Association 1893 Hamburg||Hamburg||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|51||Hamburger FC 1888||Hamburg||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|52||SC Germania 1887||Hamburg||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|53||FC Hammonia 1896 Hamburg||Hamburg||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|54||St. Georger FC 1895||Hamburg||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|55||FC Victoria 1895||Hamburg||HAFB||Walter Sommermeier|
|56||1. Hanauer FC 1893||Hanau||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
|57||Hanauer FG 1899||Hanau||-||Albert Wamser|
|58||FC Viktoria 1894 Hanau||Hanau||-||Albert Wamser|
|59||German FV 1878 Hanover||Hanover||-||Hermann Raydt|
|60||Karlsruhe FV 1891||Karlsruhe||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
|61||FC Phoenix 1894 Karlsruhe||Karlsruhe||-||Walther Bensemann|
|62||Karlsruher FC Südstadt||Karlsruhe||-||Walther Bensemann|
|63||Leipzig BC 1893||Leipzig||-||Oskar Buettner|
|64||FC Lipsia 1893 Leipzig||Leipzig||-||Paul Schröter|
|65||BV Olympia 1896 Leipzig||Leipzig||-||Gustav Oehmichen|
|66||VfB Sportbrüder 1893 Leipzig||Leipzig||-||Johannes Kirmse|
|67||FC Wacker 1895 Leipzig||Leipzig||-||Georg Schacht|
|68||Magdeburg FC Viktoria 1896||Magdeburg||-||Eberl|
|69||FuCC Cricket-Viktoria 1897 Magdeburg||Magdeburg||-||Müller|
|70||Mannheim FG 1896||Mannheim||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
|71||Mannheim FV 1898||Mannheim||MFB||Walther Bensemann|
|72||Mannheim FG Germania 1897||Mannheim||MFB||Walther Bensemann|
|73||Mannheim FG Union 1897||Mannheim||MFB||Walther Bensemann|
|74||Mannheim FC Viktoria 1897||Mannheim||MFB||Walther Bensemann|
|75||Mittweidaer BC 1896||Mittweida||-||Udo Steinberg|
|76||FC Germania 1899 Mulhouse||Mulhouse||-||Beyer|
|77||1. Munich FC 1896||Munich||-||Buttner|
|78||FC Bavaria 1899 Munich||Munich||-||Buttner|
|79||FC Nordstern 1896 Munich||Munich||-||Buttner|
|81||VfB 1893 Pankow||Pankow||-||Fred Manning|
|82||1. FC 1896 Pforzheim||Pforzheim||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
|83||Pforzheimer FC Frankonia||Pforzheim||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
|84||German FC 1892 Prague||Prague||-||Ferdinand Hueppe|
|85||German FC Germania 1898 Prague||Prague||-||Heinrich Nonner|
|86||Strasbourg FV 1890||Strasbourg||VSFV||Gustav Manning|
After the establishment
Despite the differences of opinion among the participants and the organizational and formal inadequacies, the founding meeting in Leipzig turned out to be the hoped-for spark for football in Germany. In 1900, the second (in Erfurt) and third Bundestag (in Frankfurt am Main) two further meetings took place. Binding football rules were laid down on them and Ferdinand Hueppe was elected first chairman of the DFB. At the time of the third Bundestag in October 1900, the DFB had 91 clubs.
Admission of new members: Association of Magdeburger Ballspiel-Vereine , Darmstädter FC, FV Stuttgart, FC Bayern Munich (all June 2nd), Association of German Ballspielvereine (June 17th), Association of Hanoverian Ballspiel-Vereine , Casseler FC Sport 1899 (both October 6th) .
Further supraregional football associations - at the beginning of 1900, the Association of South German Football Associations and the Rheinischer Spiel-Verband only existed as two organizations operating well beyond urban areas - were founded. In December 1900, the Association of Central German Ball Game Associations was launched at the same location in Leipzig , and in the summer of 1901 Richard Schröder, a participant in the DFB's founding meeting, tried to resolve the disputes of the locally competing Berlin associations by founding the Free Berlin Football Association To cancel clubs and to include clubs from the Mark Brandenburg.
The DFB's aim to host a German football championship initially failed because of the regional associations, some of which were older and only partially prepared to share their power with the younger federal association. The first round of the championship came about a good three years after the DFB was founded; it was played in 1902/03 .
After joining FIFA in 1904, under pressure from the DFB, the Prague clubs involved in its establishment, one of which had even participated in the first German championship, had to be excluded from the association. Ferdinand Hueppe from DFC Prague resigned from his position and was replaced by Friedrich Wilhelm Nohe . The first international match hosted by the DFB did not take place until 1908.
- Philip Heineken: The soccer game . Association and rugby. Stuttgart 1898
- 25 years of the German Football Association. Yearbook and Press Committee of the German Football Association, Industrie-Verlag und Druckerei AG, Düsseldorf, Festschrift 1925.
- Jens Fuge: The founding of the German Football Association . In: ders .: A century of Leipzig football. The years 1893 to 1945 . Connewitzer Verlag-Buchhandlung, Leipzig 1996, ISBN 3-928833-23-5 , pp. 129-134
- Hardy Greens: 100 years of the German Championship. The history of football in Germany . Verlag die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2003, ISBN 3-89533-410-3 , p. 41ff.
- Until about 1890, there was rugby before variant, only then began - especially in Berlin and Hamburg as well as in Baden - Association to enforce. For the early history of both types of football, cf. Heineken 1898.
- According to Grüne, 100 years German championship , p. 41, the advertisement appeared on January 18, 1900.
- The building of the Mariengarten restaurant, located not far from Leipzig Central Station, was replaced in 1915 by the Friedrich Hofmeister publishing house. A commemorative plaque was attached to the front of the Hofmeister building in today's Büttnerstrasse for the 100th anniversary in 2000.
- quoted from Ulfert Schröder , Rainer Kalb: Fußball in Deutschland . In: Karl-Heinz Huba: World Football History. Pictures, dates, facts from 1846 until today . Copress Sport, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-7679-0958-8 , pp. 54–62, here: p. 56
- Arthur Heinrich: The German Football Association. A political story . PapyRossa Verlag, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-89438-194-9 , p. 25f.
- German Football Association (Ed.): German Football Yearbook 1904/05 . Grethlein and Co., Leipzig.
- Games and Sports , ibid
- According to the report from Spiel und Sport No. 444 of February 3, 1900, cf. Fuge, Leipzig 1996, p. 130
- Only the Mannheim FG 1896 immediately joined the VSFV as a member, cf. also Gerhard Zeilinger: The pioneering days of the soccer game in Mannheim . Football archive, Mannheim 1992, ISBN 3-89426-044-0 , p. 13 ff.
- The FC Frankfurt 1880 (# 44) is not to be confused with the Frankfurt FC 1899 (# 45). More about this club near Heineken 1898, which at that time played almost exclusively rugby, on page 242 f .; as well as in: Thomas Bauer, Frankfurt am Ball , there 1999, page 10
- actually Wandsbek , but the venue was Hamburg
- Greens, 100 Years of German Championship , p. 44
- Greens, 100 Years of the German Championship , p. 48