|coat of arms||map|
|Commune number :||5056|
|Province (county) :||Trøndelag|
|Residents:||5,050 (Feb 27, 2020)|
|Population density :||7 inhabitants per km²|
|Language form :||neutral|
|Mayor :||Ole Haugen ( Ap ) (2011)|
|Location in the province of Trøndelag|
The name Hitra goes back to the old Norwegian term Hitr or Hitrar , which roughly means "separated from the mainland".
The island of Hitra ranks seventh in size in Norway (excluding Spitsbergen ). The area of the island is 571.5 km², but the entire municipality is 756 km². The highest point is called Mørkdalstuva and is high. In 1982 a 40 km² nature reserve was set up in the interior of the island (rocky raised bogs or sloping moors). The main island is connected with bridges with Ulvøya, Fjellværsøya, Dolmøya. There are also about 2000 other small dolmens in the community.
Trout and arctic char frolic in the 7000 waters of the island . The island's huge red deer herd , one of the largest in Northern Europe, is remarkable . The granting of hunting licenses generates income for the landowners. The annual shooting targets of 600 to 800 deer are not always achieved. There are also smaller populations of deer , v. a. on Fjellværsøya.
Archaeological excavations have found remains of dwellings from the older and younger Stone Age . In 1998 a 15 meter long nave from the time of the Great Migration was found . It is certain that there were ten to twelve farms on the island 1500 years ago.
The first stave church was built around the 13th century and the oldest structure still in existence today is Dolm Church , which was probably built in the late Middle Ages . There are many legends about this church. For example, it is said that there is a curse on the structure, so that the church should burn down every hundred years. What is certain is that it has burned four times so far, in 1709, 1772, 1848 and 1920.
The Hitratunnel , with 264 m under the sea one of the deepest underwater tunnels in the world, connects the mainland with the island in the course of the Fv 714. The 5300 m long Frøya tunnel connects Hitra with Frøya. The accident-prone and toll-charged Fv 714, Lakseveien, is under construction. The expansion will reduce the distance between Fillan and Orkanger from around 95 km today to 70 km. The Hjorteveien between Sandstad and Hamarvik on Frøya is also to be expanded. The new Dolmsund Bridge is scheduled to be provisionally completed in 2015 with a year delay. The company Kystekspressen maintains speedboat connections to Trondheim , Brekstad and Kristiansund . Atb buses run to Trondheim and to Sistranda, Dyrøya and Orkanger . Due to the bicycle ban in the Hitratunnel, the island is currently not legally accessible for cyclists.
The life of the community has always been shaped by the sea. For example, there were large whaling stations here that have now been closed. Industrial salmon farming takes place for this. One fifth of Norwegian salmon production comes from Hitra and the neighboring island of Frøya . The island-based crab processing plant is the largest of its kind in the world.
In 2004, Norway's largest wind farm with 24 rotors was inaugurated here.