|coat of arms||map|
|Kraj :||Banskobystrický kraj|
|Area :||15.386 km²|
|Residents :||41 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||3 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||977 01 ( Brezno post office )|
|Telephone code :||0 48|
|Geographic location :|
|License plate :||BR|
|Kód obce :||508691|
|Community type :||local community|
|Administration (as of November 2018)|
|Mayor :||Juraj Pružinec|
|Address:||Obecný úrad Jarabá
977 01 Brezno
|Statistics information on statistics.sk|
Jarabá (Hungarian Jarabó - until 1888 Jaraba ) is a small municipality in the center of Slovakia with 41 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019), which belongs to the Okres Brezno , a district of the Banskobystrický kraj , and is part of the traditional Horehronie landscape .
The village is located on the southern slope of the Low Tatras near the main ridge, in the upper valley of the Štiavnička brook on the way to the Čertovica saddle . Because of this, the municipality is quite mountainous and almost completely forested (mostly spruce ). The highest point is Beňuška ( ). There are three mineral springs in the village and in the vicinity. The center of the village is at an altitude of and is 15 kilometers from Brezno .
Jarabá is an old mining town, the history of which goes back at least to the 14th century, according to documents from the Roman Catholic parish of Brezno there was a settlement as early as the 12th century. For the first time, however, he was not mentioned in writing as Jaraba until 1540 . As early as the 15th century there were three smelters in the village, until the 17th century gold and silver were mainly mined, after which iron ore mines were mostly active. Until 1546 the mines belonged to the merchants of Neusohl , after which they came into the Aryan possession. Due to the development of industry (blast furnaces) around Hronec and the relative remoteness of important traffic routes, mining came to an end in the 19th century; In 1828 there were 16 houses and 136 inhabitants, who first worked in the local mines, after which they were gradually closed as foresters and workers in the surrounding industrial plants.
Until 1918 the place in Sohl County belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary and then came to Czechoslovakia or today Slovakia. Today the municipality has a tourist character with many weekend houses and sees itself as part of the tourist area Chopok -juh.
According to the 2011 census, there were 47 inhabitants in Jarabá, including 36 Slovaks and three Magyars. Eight residents gave no information in this regard. 25 residents supported the Roman Catholic Church and five residents supported the Protestant Church AB. Eight residents were non-denominational and nine residents had no denomination.
- Results of the 2011 census (Slovak) ( Memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Entry on e-obce.sk (Slovak)