|Canton :||Solothurn (SO)|
|BFS no. :||2492|
|Postal code :||4468|
|Height range :||447–915 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||8.53 km²|
|Residents:||513 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||60 inhabitants per km²|
Kienberg from the west
|Location of the municipality|
Kienberg lies at Olten (linear distance). The farming village extends on the north side of the Solothurn Chain Jura in the valley of the Bruggbach, at the north foot of the Salhöhe . The north-eastern municipality of the canton of Solothurn only shares a border with the rest of the canton over a length of 100 m., 11 km north-northeast of the city of
The area of the 8.5 km² municipal area covers a section of the eastern Jura, which shows a great variety of landscapes. Geologically, Kienberg is located at the transition area from the unfolded and individual plaice of the Tabular Jura to the Folded Jurassic , which here has a complicated shed structure and was partially pushed onto the Table Jura. The community soil is drained by the Bruggbach , a left tributary of the Sissle . This stream rises on the northern slopes of the Geissflue , flows north through a narrow pass between Stellichopf ( ) and Räbnen ( ) and deepens below Kienberg with a valley in the layers of the Table Jura .
In the south, the border mostly runs along the main Jura ridge, the watershed between the Aare and Sissle catchment areas . This ridge is crossed from west to east by the Geissflue (on the eastern slope of which the highest point of Kienberg is reached at ), the Rotholz ( ) and the Salhöhe ( ) educated. To the east of Kienberg, the height of the so-called castle shows a striking rock fall to the north. In 1997, 4% of the municipal area was accounted for by settlements, 45% by forests and woodlands and 51% by agriculture. The municipality of Kienberg is part of the Aargau Jura Park, a “Regional Nature Park of National Importance”.
Numerous individual farms belong to Kienberg. Neighboring communities of Kienberg are Erlinsbach SO in the canton of Solothurn, Oltingen and Anwil in the canton of Basel-Landschaft and Wittnau , Wölflinswil , Oberhof and Erlinsbach AG in the canton of Aargau .
With 513 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Kienberg is one of the smaller communities in the canton of Solothurn. 97.3% of the residents speak German, 0.8% French and 0.4% speak Italian (as of 2000). The population of Kienberg was 632 in 1850 and 491 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century the population rose to 547 people by 1920, and then decreased by over 25% to 402 inhabitants by 1990 due to strong emigration. Since then, the population has increased significantly again.
Until the second half of the 20th century, Kienberg was a village dominated by agriculture . Even today arable farming , fruit growing (especially cherry trees) as well as cattle breeding and dairy farming have an important place in the income structure of the population. Further jobs are available in local small businesses and in the service sector, including in companies in the electrical industry, the construction industry and in a sawmill. The gypsum quarrying south of the village well into the 20th century has now ceased. In the last few decades the village has also developed into a residential community. Many employed people are therefore commuters who mainly work in the Aarau region.
The community is located off the major through axes on the road from Erlinsbach over the Salhöhe to Frick or to Sissach . The village is connected to the public transport network through a post bus course, which runs from Gelterkinden to Kienberg.
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1083 under the name Kunachperch . The names Chienberh (1173), Chienberg (1185), Kienberg (1201) and Kiemberg (1276) appeared later . The place name is derived from the Old High German word kien (spruce).
The place could have been inhabited for a long time, which is indicated by various archaeological finds. Between 1912 and 1921 Louis Jäggi (teacher in Kienberg) found two stone axes from the Neolithic age on the Mühlacker . No finds from the Bronze Age have been made in the municipality, but in the neighboring municipality of Wittnau am Wittnauerhorn, ceramics from this time and the remains of a mighty rampart built around 900 BC were found. Was built. An iron sword that was found in the middle of the 19th century comes from the Iron Age . In Anwil, a Celtic coin was found on the Bergmatt (500 meters from the border with Kienberg). Since the municipality was under the influence of the Roman Empire , it is assumed that one or more manors existed on the municipality at that time. However, so far none of this has been archaeologically confirmed, although Louis Jäggi discovered Roman bricks on the Behrten .
The grave finds on the Hirsacker and the bodies from the 7th century should be mentioned from the Alemannic period . The surviving place names and names also suggest that the present-day settlement came into being at the time of the Alemanni . During the excavation work in Hirsacker in 1835 , bricked graves were found. In a tomb with a limestone vault, a skeleton with a helmet, a battle sword and a dagger, a tumbler and a triangular coin were found. A rider's spur and a belt tongue with three rivet nails are also attributed to these excavations . In 1878 a double-edged long sword was found in a skeletal grave. Whether it came from the cemetery on Hirsacker or Leibern could no longer be traced.
Since the Middle Ages , Kienberg formed its own rule under the von Kienberg rulers, which was under the sovereignty of the House of Habsburg . After various pledges in the course of the 14th century, the village and its rule came to the Lords of Heidegg in 1398 . By purchase, the rule came to Solothurn against the will of the Austrians in 1523, as the last territorial expansion of the canton. The disputes could not be settled until 1532.
Under Solothurn rule, Kienberg was assigned to the Bailiwick of Gösgen and formed its own court district. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime (1798), the village belonged to the Solothurn administrative district during the Helvetic and from 1803 to the Gösgen district. During the 19th century, trimmings were widespread in a manner similar to that in the communities of the Basel area in Kienberg.
The parish church of the Assumption of Mary goes back to a church that was mentioned in 1276. The church was largely rebuilt between 1627 and 1635 in the early Baroque style. As part of a restoration in 1972, the former interior was restored in the classical style. The church was gently renovated inside and out in 2009. Some characteristic farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved in the town center. In the municipal area of Kienberg there are the two castle sites of the Heidegg ruins and the Alt-Kienberg ruins. The sinkholes above the old gypsum pit in the eastern part of the village are also remarkable.
coat of arms
- Diagonally right divided by black with a white oblique left bar and by yellow
In 1966 this coat of arms replaced a coat of arms that had existed since 1941 "In yellow on a green three-mountain black trunk with 4 cut branches, decorated with 3 red flames." Today's coat of arms is that of the old rule of Kienberg and corresponds to that of the Aargau community of Küttigen .
- Lukas Hammer , * 1906 in Balsthal, † 1982 in Kienberg. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1941–53.
- Heinrich Hürbi , born October 7, 1849 in Kienberg, † February 21, 1902 in Mariastein. Father and member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1899–1901.
- Peter Hürbi , born October 7, 1853 in Kienberg, † April 13, 1929 there. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1891–1894 and 1908–1912.
- Ernst Rippstein (1882) , born June 13, 1882 in Kienberg, † December 30, 1972 ibid. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1921–25 and 1933–37.
- Ernst Rippstein (1921) , born April 25, 1921 in Kienberg. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1961–1973. Son of Ernst Rippstein (1882) .
- Gottlieb Rippstein , * 1862 in Kienberg, † 1914 in Zuchwil. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1912-14.
- Johann Rippstein (1818) , born June 21, 1818 in Kienberg, † April 15, 1897 ibid. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1876–1886.
- Johann Rippstein (1827) (called Weibelgross), born November 13, 1827 in Kienberg, † November 16, 1910 ibid. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1856–65.
- Louis Rippstein (-Gubler), born December 26, 1915. Major of the train troop. Member of the Cantonal Council of Solothurn 1949–1977, President of the Cantonal Council 1965. Member of the National Council of Switzerland 1967–79. Author of the book Kienberg, Die Geschichte einer Juragemeinde .
- Louis Rippstein: Kienberg, Die Geschichte einer Juragemeinde , Nord-West-Druck, Trimbach 1991
- Hans Brunner: Kienberg. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Official website of the municipality of Kienberg
- Castle world: Castle Alt-Kienberg
- Castle world: Kienberg-Heidegg Castle
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- All archaeological information comes from Kienberg: The history of a Jura community