Parliament of Sri Lanka
|Legislative period :||5 years|
|Current legislative period|
|Last choice:||General election in Sri Lanka 2015|
|Distribution of seats:||
United National Front for Good Governance (UNFGG) (106) Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC) (1) Selective support from the government (22): Tamil National Alliance (TNA) (16) Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) (6) Opposition ( 96): United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA) (95) Eelam People's Democratic Party (EPDP) (1)
The Parliament of Sri Lanka , based in Sri Jayawardenepura (Kotte), is a unicameral parliament with 225 members.
Parliament's history dates back to 1833 when the then Governor of British Ceylon , Robert Wilmot-Horton , established a Legislative Council . He followed the recommendations of the Colebrooke – Cameron Commission , which had recommended a modernization of Ceylon administration. The Legislative Council had an advisory role in legislative tasks. Initially, the Legislative Council consisted exclusively of appointed members. From 1911 individual members were elected, although the right to vote was still extremely limited. The right to vote was gradually expanded and universal suffrage was introduced in 1931. Following the recommendations of the Soulbury Commission , a Westminster- style parliamentary system was established in 1944 . Parliament was made up of two houses, the House of Representatives ( House of Representatives ) and the Senate ( Senate ) together. The Senate consisted of 30 members, each half elected by the House of Representatives and nominated by the Governor General, the representative of the British Crown. The Senate was abolished on October 2, 1971. The phases and titles of Parliament were summarized as follows:
- 1833–1931 Legislative Council - 49 members
- 1931–1947 State Council - 61 members
- 1947–1972 House of Representatives - 101 members, from 1960 157 members
- 1972–1978 National State Assembly - 168 members
- since 1978 Parliament (Parliament) - 225 members
Suffrage and electoral system
The right to vote , all citizens of Sri Lanka for over 18 years, unless they are sentenced insane death or imprisonment for six months or for electoral fraud. Eligible are citizens over the age of 18 who have not been convicted of certain bankruptcy crimes or bribery. Members of the police and armed forces, members of the judiciary and holders of certain offices may not be MPs at the same time.
196 MPs are directly elected every six years in 22 multi-person constituencies (4 to 20 seats) according to proportional representation with a preference system: each voter casts his or her vote for a list and three of its candidates. As a blocking clause , a list must reach one eighth of the votes in a constituency. 29 more seats will be proportionally allocated to the lists in a nationwide constituency.
The parliament building is located on an island in Lake Diyawanna Oya in Sri Jayawardenepura (Kotte), about 16 kilometers east of Colombo . The building was designed by the architect Geoffrey Bawa in the style of tropical modernism and opened in April 1982 by JR Jayewardene . Until 1983 the parliament resided in the building of the then Legislative Council of Ceylon, built by the British colonial power in 1929 .
Image on 100 rupees
- ↑ a b CHAPTER X THE LEGISLATURE, Paragraph 62 (2) , The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (AS AMENDED UP TO 09th SEPTEMBER, 2010) Revised Edition - 2011
- ^ Evolution of the Parliamentary System. Sri Lankan Parliament website, September 11, 2012, accessed October 19, 2019 .
- ^ IPU PARLINE database: SRI LANKA (Parliament), full text. In: www.ipu.org Inter-Parliamentary Union . Retrieved November 4, 2015 .
- ^ New Parliament Geoffrey Bawa of Sri Lanka, Archnet
- ^ Sri Lanka - A Wiki on National Parliament Buildings Worldwide. In: www.places-of-power.org. Retrieved November 4, 2015 .
Coordinates: 6 ° 53 '12.6 " N , 79 ° 55' 7.2" E