Russian film

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Russian feature film production
year number
1995 65
2005 160

New Russian film after the collapse of the Soviet Union

The emigration and death of Tarkovsky , perestroika and the break-up of the Soviet Union were significant stages in the decline of film culture in Russia, which by the turn of the millennium let not only film production die, but above all almost all movie theaters. A turning point did not occur until around 2002/03. Since then, the number of newly opened cinemas has "exploded" and more and more films by young Russian directors have found their way to international festivals . The filmmakers of the new generation (often studied biologists, physicists, psychologists) make use of all those who pushed the cinema forward: Kubrick , Tykwer , but above all the revered Tarkowski. They serve as inspiration for new paths in Russian film art. Nevertheless, these films are not mere collages of what has already been seen; rather, the individual components interweave to create something new, similar to the colors of an impressionist picture, and link tradition and future. The beginning and the end of a story seem to be just as unimportant here as a targeted course of action or the “typical” hero or anti-hero of Western films, which one will look for in vain in the New Russian Film.

Market share of Russian films
in cinema visits in Russia
year Total cinema visits
, in million
Russian films market share
2004 67.4 12.1%
2005 83.6 29.7%
2006 91.8 25.7%
2007 106.6 26.3%
2008 123.9 25.5%

The year 2003 was (unplanned) a special one: three films referred back to the Russian realism of the 19th century, which, among others, with Turgenev's Fathers and Sons and Dostoyevsky's The Brothers Karamazov, produced world literature on the relationship between fathers and sons. The films The Return , Koktebel and Father and Son pick up on this tradition and still point to the future of Russian films, which, as Kukushka showed, can not only be highly criticized, but also be commercially successful.

In 2005, Russian cinema hit a new blow with Watcher of the Night - Nochnoi Dozor . A Russian fantasy action film based on the novel of the same name by Sergei Lukjanenko . The work was brought to western cinemas with unprecedented PR efforts for Russia. But here too, Russian film remains true to itself: there are no heroes.

Overall, in recent years (2004 to 2008) there has been an enormous increase in the number of admissions in Russia - while in most of the rest of Europe the number of admissions has stagnated at best in recent years. It is also unusual that the Russian film production, with almost doubling its admissions to the cinema, was able to maintain its market share - which is higher than average compared to Europe - which has always been over a quarter of all cinema visits in Russia since 2005.


The state supervisory authority repeatedly checked films and the propagandist Dmitri Kisseljow even demanded a restriction of freedom of expression due to critical films in 2018 ; in addition, individual foreign productions were not shown at all, and for others, start dates were set so that they did not compete with patriotic Russian films. At the beginning of March 2019, private cinemas boycotted the cartoon "Hurwynek. The Magic Game", for the promotion of which the Ministry of Culture postponed the premiere of the film " Royal Corgi " in accordance with a government decree.

Important Russian and Soviet films (chronological)

Important Russian and Soviet directors (alphabetical)


Large Russian film studios: Goskino , Sowkino , Mosfilm , Lenfilm , Gorki Filmstudio (formerly Meschrabpom )

Russian Film Academy Award: Nika

Film politician: Boris Shumyatsky (1886–1938)


  • Christine Engel (ed.): History of Soviet and Russian film. Stuttgart: Metzler, 1999
  • Poetika Kino: Theory and Practice of Film in Russian Formalism (Suhrkamp Taschenbuchwissenschaft) hrg. by Wolfgang Beilenhoff, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag, 2005 ISBN 3518293338
  • Peter Rollberg: Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema (Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts), 838 S., Scarecrow Press, 2008, ISBN 0810860724
  • Jamie Miller: Soviet Cinema: Politics and Persuasion Under Stalin (KINO: The Russian Cinema) [Paperback], Tauris 2009, ISBN 1848850093
  • Well over 3,000 publications are recorded in the RussGUS database (there search - form search - subject notation: 9.8. *)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. World Film Production Report (excerpt) ( Memento from August 8, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), Screen Digest, June 2006, pp. 205–207, accessed on October 3, 2015.
  2. a b Austrian Film Institute : Press release ( Memento of the original from March 21, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. the European Audiovisual Observatory (OBS) , Council of Europe Strasbourg, 9 February 2009 (accessed 17 February 2009); Figures for Russia according to Russian Film Business Today
  3. "Let's be honest: There is censorship in the country" , Novaya Gazeta, October 25, 2018
  4. Ministry of Culture against Gerard Butler - How Russian authorities ban films - because of censorship, politics or other films. A selection of "Novaya Gazeta" , Novaya Gazeta, November 2, 2018
  5. Russian cartoon "Hurvinek" because of the boycott of cinemas sold less 1.5 times than predicted , Novaya Gazeta, 11 March 2019
  6. Why did Gurvinek fail? , Novaya Gazeta, March 12, 2019