2nd Westphalian Hussar Regiment No. 11
The association was founded on December 8, 1813 in Düsseldorf in the just formed Generalgouvernement Berg as “1. Hussar Regiment ”from the remains of the Napoleonic cavalry of the Grand Duchy of Berg . In 1860 the regiment was renamed in the course of a far-reaching renaming of Prussian regiments in "2. Westphalian Hussar Regiment (No. 11) ”. From 1906, the regiment was nicknamed "Krefeld Tanzhusaren" as a joke after it had been moved from Düsseldorf to Krefeld . The regiment was stationed in Düsseldorf in the Neustadt an der Neusser Strasse ; For a squadron, a separate barracks was built in 1893 west of Roßstrasse on the property of today's State Office for Information and Technology in North Rhine-Westphalia . In Krefeld the whole regiment was stationed in the newly built barracks on today's Westparkstrasse .
Move to Krefeld
During a visit that Kaiser Wilhelm II paid to the city of Krefeld to celebrate the 200th anniversary of its membership in Prussia in 1902, the latter apparently spontaneously promised to make Krefeld a garrison town . At a banquet, the maids of honor from the Krefeld upper class had previously said that there were no dancers available in Krefeld. The emperor then promised to send suitable dancers. What was initially thought to be a joke was confirmed the same evening by the commanding general of the VII Army Corps , Moritz von Bissing . The generals announced by telegram that Krefeld would get a cavalry unit and that suggestions for accommodation were being requested.
This commitment turned into a tangible scandal in the Reichstag . It was assumed that this promise was probably the result of a whim of the emperor, and that a great deal of money would now have to be spent just to do some ladies a favor. In addition to the lack of countersignature by the Chancellor or the Minister of War , the decision also contradicted the principle of not relocating garrisons to large industrial cities. In addition, a decision had been made six months earlier to renovate the Düsseldorf barracks .
The speed with which the military administration soon expressed concrete ideas, however, did not indicate a merely spontaneous decision, but rather that the military administration had already thought about moving the garrison to Krefeld. The emperor had taken the visit to Krefeld only as an opportunity to announce the already established decision in a somewhat unusual way.
For Krefeld, the relocation meant a revival of the domestic economy in view of a renewed crisis in the textile industry , so that the decision was made to cover the costs of four million marks for the construction of the barracks , which then also convinced the last critics. The foundation stone was finally laid in 1904, and on April 2, 1906, Kaiser Wilhelm personally led the regiment into the city at the head. On Bissing-Platz (today Konrad Adenauer-Platz) he handed over the regiment with the words: I brought their garrison to the city and their dancers to the young women.
18,000 former soldiers and 100,000 visitors attended the event. The population gave the soldiers the name dance hussars, under which they were finally known throughout the empire.
|King Wilhelm III. the Netherlands||June 7, 1855 to November 23, 1890|
|Archduke Otto of Austria||April 15, 1896 to October 1, 1906|
|Charles of Austria||December 2, 1914 until dissolution|
|major||Alexander von Romberg||March 29, 1815 to May 10, 1816|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Karl Heinrich von Czettritz and Neuhaus||May 11, 1816 to November 30, 1823|
|major||Anton von Glaser||December 1, 1823 to September 7, 1824 (in charge of the tour)|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Anton von Glaser||September 8, 1824 to November 12, 1834|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Friedrich Karl von Forstner||November 13, 1834 to July 17, 1839|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Heinrich von Heydebrand and the Lasa||July 18, 1839 to March 29, 1844|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Karl von Lebbin||March 30, 1844 to April 17, 1850|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Wilhelm von Schlichten||April 18, 1850 to June 9, 1856|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel||Wilhelm Alexander von Salisch||June 10, 1856 to April 3, 1857|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Wolf of Pfuel||April 30, 1857 to July 1, 1862|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Gustav Waldemar von Rauch||July 2, 1862 to September 14, 1866|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Karl von Witzendorff||September 17, 1866 to November 30, 1869|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel||Karl von Eller-Eberstein||December 11, 1869 to March 9, 1870 (in charge of the tour)|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel||Karl von Eller-Eberstein||March 10, 1870 to November 10, 1871|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel||Gustav von Griesheim||December 12, 1871 to March 13, 1875|
|Colonel||Hugo von Saldern-Ahlimb||March 16, 1875 to August 4, 1876|
|Major / Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Günther von der Groeben||August 5, 1876 to March 25, 1885|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Adolf von Michaelis||March 26, 1885 to December 13, 1889|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Bernhard von Britzke||December 14, 1889 to May 25, 1893|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Hugo von Itzenplitz||May 26, 1893 to July 19, 1897|
|Colonel||Franz Miketta||July 20, 1897 to February 15, 1901|
|Colonel||Friedrich Schimmelpfennig from Oye||February 16, 1901 to October 18, 1905|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Adolf von Storch||October 19, 1905 to April 20, 1911|
|Colonel||Egmont from Websky||April 21, 1911 to April 1, 1912|
|Lieutenant Colonel / Colonel||Bruno von Gillhaußen||April 2, 1912 to January 23, 1917|
|major||Friedrich zu Waldeck-Pyrmont||January 24, 1917 to December 31, 1918|
Known members of the regiment
- Benno von Achenbach (1861–1936), son of the landscape painter Oswald Achenbach , painter, driving art teacher and head of the Wilhelms II driving stable .
- Maximilian Achenbach (1851–1898), son of the landscape painter Andreas Achenbach , architect and opera singer
- Armand Léon von Ardenne (1848–1919), prototype of the fictional character “Baron von Innstetten” in Fontane's Effi Briest , grandfather of Manfred von Ardenne
- August Wilhelm Julius Graf von Bismarck (1849–1920), 3rd cousin of Reich Chancellor Otto von Bismarck , officer and horse breeder
- Peter Greeff (1865–1939), landscape painter
- Georg Oeder (1846–1931), painter, art collector and honorary citizen of the city of Düsseldorf
- Hans Piekenbrock (1893–1959), Lieutenant General
- Felix zu Salm-Salm (1828–1870), prince's son and adventurer
- Johann Josef Scotti (1787–1866), chief hunter, later royal Prussian government secretary in Düsseldorf
- Werner Voss (1897–1917), fighter pilot
- Joachim Lilla : Highlights of the Krefeld “Tanzhusaren” and their perception in public. In: Elisabeth Hackspiel-Mikosch: According to rank and status. German civil uniforms in the 19th century. German Textile Museum, Krefeld 2002, ISBN 3-00-009193-9 .
- The history of the city of Krefeld. Volume 3, ISBN 3-9808235-2-0 .
- War history 1914-1918 of the 2nd Westphalian Hussar Regiment No. 11 and its war formations Reserve Hussar Regiment No. 8, 2nd mobile Landwehr squadron of VII. A.-K., 4th mobile Landsturm squadron of VII. A.-K. as well as the post-war history up to the founding of the tradition squadron (= memorial sheets of German regiments. Troops of the former Prussian contingent . Volume 269 ). Stalling, Oldenburg iO / Berlin 1929 ( digitized version of the Württemberg State Library ).
- Liberal newspaper of June 27, 1902
- Hans von Eck: History of the 2nd Westphalian Hussar Regiment No. 11 and its regular troops from 1807-1913. Military Publishing House, Mainz 1893, digitized
- Friedrich Kayser, Ferdinand Becker: The consecration of the flags and standards of the 2nd Westphalian Hussar Regiment No. 11, the Westphalian Uhlan Regiment No. 5, the Lower Rhine Fusilier Regiment No. 39, the 3rd Battalion, decorated with the iron cross 2nd Guard Grenadier Landwehr Regiment, 2nd Battalion, 4th Westphalian Landwehr Regiment No. 17: in the field service on the Trinitatisfeste (May 26, 1872); along with an appendix on the history of the regiments and battalions mentioned above . Düsseldorf 1872.
- Ministry of the Interior (ed.): Ministerial-Blatt for the entire internal administration in the Royal Prussian States. 21st year, Berlin, 1860, p. 161
- Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 3: The occupation of the active regiments, battalions and departments from the foundation or list up to August 26, 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1993, ISBN 3-7648-2413-1 , p. 123.
- Günter Wegmann (Ed.), Günter Wegner: Formation history and staffing of the German armed forces 1815-1990. Part 1: Occupation of the German armies 1815–1939. Volume 3: The occupation of the active regiments, battalions and departments from the foundation or list until August 26, 1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1993, ISBN 3-7648-2413-1 , pp. 123-124.