|Mundschenk Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft mbH ( Germany )
|October 19, 1864
|Frequency of publication
|daily from Monday to Saturday
|( IVW 2/2020, Mon-Sat)
|Wolff-Martin Mundschenk, Martin Mundschenk
The Böhme-Zeitung is the official district and independent daily newspaper for the northern part of the Heidekreis district . It appears in the cities of Soltau , Schneverdingen , Munster , Bispingen , Faßberg and the surrounding area in the area of the former district of Soltau and is named after the river Böhme , which flows through the area. The sold circulation is 9,322 copies, a decrease of 31.1 percent since 1998.
The Böhme-Zeitung is a regional newspaper with a local editorial office . For supraregional topics she uses the editorial team of the state newspaper for the Lüneburg Heath from Lüneburg . It forms a journalistic unit with the newspapers Elbe-Jeetzel-Zeitung ( Lüchow ), Winsener Anzeiger ( Winsen (Luhe) ), Allgemeine Zeitung ( Uelzen ) and Isenhagener Kreisblatt .
In addition to the daily newspaper two appear advertising papers for the region: the focus Hermannsburg for Hermannsburg , Unterlüß , Fassberg and mountains with 14,178 copies in a weekly publication and the newspaper & cross cross for tourists in the Lüneburg Heath region in Soltau , Schneverdingen , Bispingen , Munster , Wietzendorf and new churches with Published 2 to 4 weeks from April 2019.
Foundation and first edition
Leonhard Mundschenk, born on October 8, 1834 in Astheim , did an apprenticeship as a Swiss sword in Mainz (at the same time printer and typesetter ). On his subsequent wandering he also came to Lüneburg and Uelzen , where he worked for the Von Stern'sche print shop . In 1864, Mundschenk decided to go to Soltau and found his own newspaper there, as there was no local newspaper in the 1900-inhabitant city.
On September 1, 1864, Mundschenk moved with his family from Uelzen to Soltau and rented a few rooms on the corner of Wilhelmstrasse and Winsener Strasse ( Krauls Eck ). The first edition of the Böhme-Zeitung - Wochen-Blatt for the offices in Soltau and Fallingbostel was supposed to appear on October 1st, but the license was delayed due to its Hessian origin and it wasn't until October 18, 1864 that Mundschenk finally received approval.
The first edition of the Böhme-Zeitung appeared on October 19, 1864. It consisted of four printed pages in the format 22 by 33 centimeters, which were produced with a hand press . At the beginning, the newspaper, which was initially published on Wednesdays and Saturdays, had 134 subscribers, but after a year the number had grown to 570.
Development in the early days
With the book trade license issued on December 22, 1864, Mundschenk was also allowed to print and sell books and calendars. As the business premises quickly became too narrow, he relocated the print shop to what is now Bahnhofstrasse 1. In 1868, Mundschenk bought the first high-speed press , which made work much easier. The editions that were printed with this press were in an enlarged format. In 1877 and 1886 more high-speed presses were purchased.
At the beginning of 1872, Mundschenk bought a plot of land with a house and stable building at Kirchstrasse 121 (later Kirchstrasse 4), which they moved into on June 30, 1872. In 1901 he also acquired the neighboring property in order to build a company building there. A new typesetting machine and a double high- speed press were used, in 1904 Mundschenk was the first newspaper publisher in the Lüneburg administrative district to use a rotary printing press .
From 1877 onwards, Leonhard Mundschenk (temporarily) founded or took over various printing companies in Uelzen , Zeven , Zahna / Wittenberg and Oberlahnstein . He left the management of the printing works in part to his sons or sons-in-law, who had also completed an apprenticeship as a printer. The printing works in Zeven and Lutherstadt Wittenberg still exist today.
In the meantime, the newspaper appeared three times a week (Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays), but sales problems in the country meant that from 1871 onwards the newspaper was switched back to two editions per week (Tuesdays and Fridays). From October 1, 1882, the Böhme-Zeitung was initially published daily. Due to the district reforms in 1885 and the associated omission of official announcements by the Fallingbostel district , the publication was changed back to three times a week from June 1, 1885 (Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays). The name of the newspaper is then "Böhme-Zeitung - Kreis-Blatt for the Soltau district - General-Anzeiger for the Soltau and Fallingbostel districts on the Böhme and Aller" , but the last part of the subtitle has to be dropped shortly afterwards by order of the District Office . From 1901 the newspaper appeared daily as an evening paper.
Years of war and crisis
The Böhme-Zeitung survived the First World War despite a shortage of paper and the great number of newspapers that died out. From January 1, 1919, Emil Mundschenk took over the business of his father, who died on March 18, 1919. After the war, other crises followed, such as inflation - the subscription price rose to over a billion marks per month at the end of 1923 - and the era of National Socialism . After the competing newspaper Soltauer Nachrichten was discontinued in April 1936 by order of the Nazis, Emil Mundschenk bought the publishing rights and the printing press. The Böhme-Zeitung was then temporarily entitled "Böhme-Zeitung - Soltauer Zeitung / Soltauer Nachrichten - Official District Gazette of the District of Soltau / Founded 1864" . In May 1941 the Schneverdinger Zeitung also had to close and was also included in the BZ. The last edition before the occupation of the city on April 17, 1945 appeared as a two-page edition from 13/14/15. April.
After the occupation by the British, it was forbidden to publish newspapers that had appeared before 1945. Fortunate circumstances made it possible to work with the insurance industry, so that the cupbearer's printing shop could otherwise be used to capacity with printing forms.
On August 7, 1949, Emil Mundschenk and his son Martin joined the newspaper ring of the Niederdeutscher Verlag in Hamburg , whereby both of them became license holders of the Niederdeutsche Zeitung for the Soltau district from September 1, 1949 and were able to print the newspaper in Soltau. On January 1, 1953, the Böhme-Zeitung joined forces with the Landeszeitung für die Lüneburger Heide ( Lüneburg ), the Allgemeine Zeitung der Lüneburger Heide ( Uelzen ), the Elbe-Jeetzel-Zeitung ( Lüchow ), the Winsener Anzeiger ( Winsen (Luhe) ), the Isenhagener Kreisblatt ( Wittingen ) and the Aller-Zeitung ( Gifhorn ) together. From that day on, the supraregional advertising business and the production of the supraregional pages, the coat , ran together in Lüneburg.
New construction and modernization
As early as the 1950s, there were renewed considerations of enlarging the company premises. Due to the death of Emil Mundschenk in September 1954, this was initially postponed, but his son Martin, who had taken over the business, finally started thinking again. In March 1963, a building application was initially submitted for an extension on Kirchstrasse, but in the following years rethought. In 1969 the foundation stone was laid for the new company premises on Harburger Strasse, which are still in use today, and the opening took place in August 1971. Shortly after the opening of the new office, Martin Mundschenk died. At the age of 29, his son Wolff-Martin Mundschenk had to take over the business early on.
In March 1977, the old rotary printing press, which was still stationed on Kirchstrasse, was replaced by a new one on Harburger Strasse. This could u. a. also print from novel plastic sheets. This was important so that all typesetting technology could be converted to computer-aided photo typesetting in the summer of 1980. The machine park has been expanded and modernized again and again, for example a 32-page four-color rotary printing press was purchased in 1997.
In 2004, the Mundschenk printing company was the first in Germany to be certified according to the DIN ISO 12647-2 quality standard. In 2007, Wolff-Martin Mundschenk's eldest son, Martin Mundschenk, became co-managing director of the company and gradually took over management from his father in the following years. In order to survive the newspaper crisis that began at the turn of the millennium, numerous restructurings followed from 2008 - such as the organizational separation of the publishing house and printing company - and investments, e.g. B. in digital printing or a continuous printing machine . The Böhme-Zeitung has also been available as an ePaper since 2006 .
For the 150th anniversary of the newspaper, a two-month special exhibition took place in the Museum Soltau in 2014 , which looks back on the local history and the history of printing.
The Böhme newspaper , like most German newspapers in recent years to rest lost. The circulation sold has fallen by an average of 2% per year over the past 10 years. Last year it decreased by 3.3%. It is currently 9322 copies. The share of subscriptions in the circulation sold is 88 percent.
Development of the number of copies sold
- Festschrift 150 years of the Böhme newspaper. Change of our home in the mirror of time . Mundschenk Verlag, 2014. ISBN 3-933802-31-8
- Lothar Eichmann: 125 years of the Mundschenk printing company and the Böhme-Zeitung publishing house; 1864 to 1889; The history of the family business as reflected in the times . Mundschenk Verlag, 1989. ISBN 978-3568934789
- Böhme-Zeitung anniversary edition , special edition for the 150th anniversary from October 18, 2014.
- according to IVW ( details on ivw.eu )
- Printed homeland - 150 years of the Böhme newspaper Information on soltau.de
- according to IVW ( online )
- according to IVW , second quarter 2020, Mon-Sat ( details and quarterly comparison on ivw.eu )
- according to IVW , fourth quarter in each case ( details on ivw.eu )