|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Management Community :||Dolmar salt bridge|
|Height :||311 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.93 km 2|
|Residents:||336 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||34 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||98617|
|Area code :||036949|
|License plate :||SM, MGN|
|Community key :||16 0 66 005|
|LOCODE :||DE B6L|
|Association administration address:||Zella-Meininger Str. 6
|Mayor :||Dieter Antler|
|Location of the municipality of Belrieth in the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen|
Belrieth is a municipality in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district in Thuringia . It belongs to the administrative association Dolmar-Salzbrücke . Belrieth is located on the Werra , which divides the place in two halves.
Belrieth is located in the middle of the Werra valley, surrounded by the two cities of Meiningen and Hildburghausen. The community can be reached via the B 89.
The first documentary mention of the village took place between 802 and 817. Belrieth was assigned to the Henneberg-Hartenberg line at the main division of the county of Henneberg in 1274, it later belonged to the Schwarza office , while in court it belonged to the Zent Themar until 1660 .
Originally, the place was only on the left side of the Werra. It all started with a manor house, roughly at the point where the estate can still be found today. One can actually speak of two farms, the manor, which fell victim to armed conflict, and a younger one, which was managed until 1918. Both were and still exist on a ledge of the current Kirchberg, on which a small castle stood in the high Middle Ages and 14th century.
A source indicates that the castle was owned by the Lords of Nortenberg as an imperial fiefdom, who left the property to the Hennebergers. The Henneberg ministerials from Belrieth, attested from 1299 to 1359, are probably named after the castle.
After the feud that broke out between the Counts of Henneberg-Aschach and Henneberg-Schleusingen and the Counts of Schwarzburg over the inheritance of the Henneberg-Hartenberg line, which had expired in 1378, Belrieth was awarded to Count Hermann von Henneberg-Aschach in 1380. He settled the inhabitants of the village of Bitthausen on the right bank of the Werra, which was destroyed in the fighting and was once opposite in a side valley of the right Werra valley, and left the castle to the inhabitants, who converted it into a fortified church. To protect against troubled times, fortified walls were built around the manor houses, the inner walls of which are still largely preserved today. A spacious village square was laid out directly on the Werra. The Werra now divided the place into two districts, which are called "Hübe- und Selldorf" in the local dialect. A 5-arch stone bridge from 1578 connects the districts with each other.
In 1532 Belrieth came through an inheritance division of the Henneberg-Aschach-Römhild line to the Henneberg-Schwarza line and, after its extinction in 1549, to the Henneberg-Schleusingen line, whereby the place was incorporated into the Maßfeld office. From 1500 the place was part of Henneberg in the Franconian Empire . In 1583 the Count's house died out completely with the line Henneberg-Schleusingen and the place came under joint Saxon administration. From 1660 it belonged to Saxe-Altenburg , from 1672 to Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and finally from 1680 to the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen .
The local council from Belrieth consists of six councilors and councilors.
- SV 09 Belrieth 2 seats
- Fire Brigade Association Belrieth 2 seats
- BCC Belrieth 2 seats
(As of: local elections on May 25, 2014)
The honorary mayor Dieter Antler was elected on June 6, 2007.
coat of arms
Blazon: "The municipal coat of arms shows a five-legged black tournament collar in gold in the head of the shield, including a green torn oak with red fruits"
Culture and sights
- Fortified church
The conversion of the castle to the church fortress took place after the War of the Henneberg Succession in 1379. It is assumed that parts of the castle chapel were used in today's church, built between 1588 and 1614 . The sacrament niche found during construction work in 1992 could provide evidence of the previous building. The fortified complex can be reached via a doorway.
Belrieth has one of the few remaining closed basement rings ( Gaden denotes a floor). There are still many cellar alleys on the inner fence, which the residents of the northern part of the village used to store supplies, as they often had to expect floods. In addition, the Gaden had protective functions for the villagers against robber gangs. Interesting details such as spoilage in the Gaden, the rest of an ornamental plaster structure on the south side of the nave, Renaissance paintings inside and a heavy cross vault under the gatehouse invite you to escape the stress of everyday life.
- Werra Bridge
The five-arched, 52-meter-long stone bridge dates from 1578.
- Franconian half-timbered style and other historical buildings
The houses are built in the Franconian half-timbered style. Solid handicraft constructions, today mainly attributable to the 18th and 19th centuries, characterize the village. Also noteworthy buildings in the village are the old school, which was built in the 16th century, the parish hall and the former mill.
The Hofteich, which is often used as a hiking destination, is one of the historical surroundings of Belrieth. A homestead stood here until 1988, which fell victim to a political decision from GDR times. Only the big barn was saved from loss. It was implemented and can be admired today in the open-air museum Kloster Veßra .
Friedrich Rückert (1788–1866)
The poet visited his son Leo Rückert , who had been married to Constanze Spangenberg since 1857 . Friedrich Rückert was a guest in the village both at the wedding party of his son and at the baptism of his first grandson, to whom he was godfather. On May 16, 1863 he celebrated his 75th birthday there. After 1866 his son Leo Rückert moved to Meiningen as an economist .
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Belrieth parish. In: Dolmar-Salzbrücke administrative community. Retrieved December 14, 2019 .
- Wolfgang Kahl : First mention of Thuringian towns and villages. A manual. 5th, improved and considerably enlarged edition. Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2010, ISBN 978-3-86777-202-0 , p. 28.
- Michael Köhler : Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces. Jenzig-Verlag Köhler, Jena 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 64.
- Belrieth in the Rhönlexikon .
- 2014 municipal council elections in Thuringia - final result: Belrieth , accessed on June 5, 2017
- Main statute of the municipality of Belrieth, Section 2, Paragraph 1 ( Memento from September 25, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF file; 22 kB).