City of Frohburg
|Height :||233 m|
|Area :||36.8 km²|
|Residents :||1012 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||28 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 2018|
|Postal code :||04654|
|Area code :||034344|
Location of Kohren-Sahlis in Saxony
Kohren-Sahlis is a district of the city of Frohburg in the south of the Leipzig district in Saxony . Until December 31, 2017, it was an independent town, best known for its pottery trade. It forms the center of the Kohrener Land .
Kohren-Sahlis is roughly halfway between Leipzig and Chemnitz . It borders in the north on Frohburg, in the northeast and east on the city of Geithain and in the south on the city of Penig in the district of central Saxony . In the west, Kohren-Sahlis borders the Thuringian communities of Langenleuba-Niederhain and Windischleuba . The river Wyhra and the three legendary streams mouse, rat and cat flow through Kohren-Sahlis.
The following thirteen parish parts belonged to Kohren-Sahlis:
Kohren was first mentioned in a chronicle of Bishop Thietmar von Merseburg around 974 . In 1190 the noble lords of Kohren appeared as imperial free owners of Kohren Castle . These built up their rule in Kohren in the course of the German eastward expansion in the second half of the 12th century. In 1220 the castle was destroyed, which was rebuilt around 1240. The imperial rule of the Lords of Kohren came to an end at the beginning of the 14th century. They were last mentioned in a document in 1303. Various families, such as those of Schönburg , Leisnig or the bailiffs of Plauen , owned the castle in the years that followed. In 1357 a Friedrich von Schönburg left Geithain and Kohren to the Lords of Reuss . In the second half of the 15th century, the lords of Einsiedel owned the castle. However, they used Gnandstein Castle as their residence, which is why Kohren Castle was abandoned and gradually demolished for the extraction of building material. Only the two tower ruins have been preserved from the castle and still shape the city skyline today. In 1453 Kohren received city rights .
Sahlis was mentioned as a manor as early as 1350. In 1445 Sahlis is mentioned as a knight's seat and in 1551 as a manor. In 1602 the von Einsiedel sold it together with Kohren. The textile merchant Crusius acquired the manor in 1754 and had the estate renewed two years later. In 1776 the mansion was rebuilt and rebuilt in 1858. The Rococo park with many water features and sculptures was built in 1771, the orangery in 1891. The von Crusius family remained in the possession of the Sahlis manor until it was expropriated in 1945 .
The town of Kohren and the village of Sahlis belonged to the Altenburg care center around 1445/47 . After this came to the Ernestines through the Naumburg Treaty in 1554/57 , Kohren and Sahlis remained with the Albertines and until 1856 were subordinate to the Electoral Saxon or Royal Saxon Office of Borna . From 1856 both places belonged to the Frohburg court office and from 1875 to the Borna district administration .
After decades of effort, Kohren received a rail connection with the opening of the Wyhratalbahn on April 30, 1906. The line led to Frohburg on the Neukieritzsch – Chemnitz railway line . It was shut down in 1967 and later dismantled. The pottery fountain, inaugurated on June 24, 1928, is the city's landmark. Design and modeling go back to art ceramist Kurt Feuerriegel . In 1934 Kohren was united with the village of Sahlis to form the city of Kohren-Sahlis.
From November 1, 1942 to April 14, 1945, the “Sonnenwiese” children's home was located in Kohren-Sahlis and was run by the Lebensborn SS organization . Mainly so-called Tyskerbarn , children from Norway (Norwegian mothers, German soldiers as fathers) were housed here before they were passed on to families for adoption before 1945 and afterwards.
|Kohren||07/01/1934||Merger with Sahlis to form Kohren-Sahlis|
|Linda||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Jahnshain|
|Meusdorf||01-07.1950||Incorporation to Jahnshain|
|Neuhof||07/01/1895||Merger with Pflug and Rüdigsdorf to form Rüdigsdorf-Neuhof|
|plow||07/01/1895||Merger with Neuhof and Rüdigsdorf to form Rüdigsdorf-Neuhof|
|Rudigsdorf||07/01/1895||Merger with Neuhof and Pflug to form Rüdigsdorf-Neuhof|
|Sahlis||07/01/1934||Merger with Kohren to form Kohren-Sahlis|
|Wüst-Eckartsberg||1948||Reclassification of Geithain, Theusdorf district|
|Desert grove||10/01/1948||Incorporation after Gnandstein|
Between 1895 and 1950 the municipality of Rüdigsdorf-Neuhof was renamed Rüdigsdorf.
On January 1, 2018, Kohren-Sahlis was incorporated into the city of Frohburg.
Kohren-Sahlis is located in a traditionally Lutheran area. The parish of Kohrener Land of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Saxony includes the Sankt Gangolf Church in Kohren-Sahlis, the Christ Church in Rüdigsdorf, the village churches in Altmörbitz and Gnandstein and the Gnandstein Castle Chapel. There is also a parish in Jahnshain, which belongs to the Geithainer Land parish . The Heimvolkshochschule Kohren-Sahlis, known as the Evangelical Center for Rural Areas , is of supra-local importance . The Luther Trail in Saxony runs through Kohren-Sahlis .
coat of arms
The city council consisted of fourteen city councilors. After the last local election in May 2014, the
- The last mayor, Siegmund Mohaupt (CDU), was re-elected in June 2015 with 94% of the vote.
Culture and sights
- Pottery Museum
- Museum Hoffmann's collection
- Gnandstein Castle Museum
- Pottery fountain by Kurt Feuerriegel on the market square
- Kohren castle ruins
- Church of St. Gangolf in Kohren with rectory
- Gnandstein Castle in the neighboring district of Gnandstein
- Gnandstein Church with Einsiedel's grave
- Manor house in Rüdigsdorf with Schwind pavilion with frescoes by Moritz von Schwind
- Church in Rüdigsdorf
- Lindigtmühle at the Lindenvorwerk
- Sahlis manor
- Pleasure house
- Surveying column no. 119 “Sahlis b. Frohburg “the Royal Saxon Triangulation
- Julius Mosen memorial stone and house, this is where he wrote the Andreas Hofer song
- Kohren summer toboggan run
- Mini golf course at the Lindenvorwerk
- "Maze of the Senses" at the Lindenvorwerk
Parks and gardens
- Rococo Park Sahlis
- Rüdigsdorf landscape garden
- Gnandstein Castle Garden
- Annual pot and mug market on the Kohren market on the weekend after Ascension
- annual art market at the Lindigtmühle
- Special tour "Gnandstein in the moonlight"
- Special tour "Gnandstein Secrets"
Economy and Infrastructure
Kohren-Sahlis is in the area of the Central German Transport Association . The nearest train station is Frohburg on the Leipzig-Borna-Geithain railway line, around eight kilometers northwest of Kohren-Sahlis. Thüsac buses run from Kohren-Sahlis to Frohburg train station as well as Altenburg and Geithain .
- numerous agricultural businesses as well as medium-sized manufacturing industries
Sons and daughters of the place
- Louis Schlegel (1858–1929), born in Terpitz, politician (SPD), member of the Reichstag, member of the state parliament in Württemberg
People connected to the place
- Christian Fürchtegott Gellert (1715–1769), poet and moral philosopher
- Siegfried Leberecht Crusius (1738–1824), bookseller and publisher
- Wilhelm Crusius (1790–1858), farmer and agricultural reformer in Saxony
- Julius Mosen (1803–1867), poet (Andreas Hofer Lied)
- Moritz von Schwind (1804–1871), painter
- Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen (1874–1945), poet
- Kurt Feuerriegel (1880–1961), art ceramist
- Alexander Heinrich Ludwig Knorr (1891–1937), engineer of the Hindenburg airship
- Georg-Ludwig von Breitenbuch (* 1971), politician (CDU), MdL
- Karl-Heinz Hoffmann (* 1937), neo-Nazi
- Kohren . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 5th volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1818, pp. 43-46.
- Richard Steche : Kohren. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 15. Issue: Amtshauptmannschaft Borna . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1891, p. 65.
- Richard Steche : Sahlis. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 15. Issue: Amtshauptmannschaft Borna . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1891, p. 109.
- Eckhart Leisering: Acta sunt hec Dresdene - the first mention of Dresden in the document dated March 31, 1206 , Saxon State Archives, Mitteldeutscher Verlag (mdv), Halle / Saale and Dresden 2005, pages 96, ISBN 978-3-89812-320-4 . Explanations on the small civitas Kohren and on Henricus de Chorun, pp. 13 / 61–63.
- Heinz Reich, Helga Reich: Thousand Year Kohren-Sahlis 974–1974 , Verlag Rat der Stadt Kohren-Sahlis, 1st edition (1974), 102 pages
- Henriette Krahnstöver: Between Rüben and Güldengossa, from the memoirs of the castle gardener Reinhold Hofmann in the Leipzig area , Verlag Pro Leipzig, 2012, ISBN 978-3-936508-78-9 , pp. 67-71. Rococo garden Kohren-Sahlis.
- City of Kohren-Sahlis
- Kohren-Sahlis in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Kohren in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Sahlis in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Chronicle of Frohburg and the surrounding area 2019
- Reiner Groß: Schönburgische Geschichte. A timetable . Editors: Britta Günther, Michael Wetzel, Tommy Schmucker, Chemnitz 2005, p. 8
- The Sahlis Manor at www.sachsens-schlösser.de
- Book Das Vaterland der Sachsen , p. 138
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 62 f.
- The Borna District Administration in the municipal directory 1900
- Lebensborn homes in Germany , viewed on January 2, 2013.
- That is really bottomless , by Mascolo, Georg and Schumacher, Hajo , in SPIEGEL , issue 25/1997.
- Staatsarchiv Leipzig, ( Memento from November 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Entry 20050 - Sonnenwiese children's home, Kohren-Sahlis.
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Area changes
- The Saxony Book, Kommunal-Verlag Sachsen KG, Dresden, 1943
- municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- StBA: Area changes in 2018
- Results of the 2014 municipal council elections
- Election results May 2014. (PDF) Retrieved on August 3, 2014 .