Lindenau (Upper Lusatia)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Lindenau
Lindenau (Upper Lusatia)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Lindenau highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 24 '  N , 13 ° 43'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Oberspreewald-Lausitz
Office : Outskirts
Height : 96 m above sea level NHN
Area : 11.17 km 2
Residents: 752 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 67 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 01945
Area code : 035755
License plate : OSL, CA, SFB
Community key : 12 0 66 188
Office administration address: Altmarkt 10
01990 Ortrand
Website :
Mayor : Ralf Herrmann
Location of the community of Lindenau in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district
Sachsen Cottbus Landkreis Dahme-Spreewald Landkreis Elbe-Elster Landkreis Spree-Neiße Landkreis Teltow-Fläming Altdöbern Bronkow Calau Frauendorf (Amt Ortrand) Großkmehlen Großräschen Grünewald Guteborn Hermsdorf (bei Ruhland) Hohenbocka Kroppen Lauchhammer Lindenau (Oberlausitz) Lübbenau/Spreewald Luckaitztal Neupetershain Neu-Seeland Ortrand Ruhland Schipkau Schwarzbach (Lausitz) Schwarzheide Senftenberg Tettau (Brandenburg) Vetschau/Spreewaldmap
About this picture

Lindenau is a municipality in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district in southern Brandenburg . She belongs to the Office Ortrand .


Lindenau is the westernmost municipality in Upper Lusatia on the border with Schraden . It is located on the Kalmusteich , the Pulsnitz flows west of the village . The municipality of Tettau is to the north and the municipality of Frauendorf to the northeast . In the southeast, Lindenau borders the town of Ortrand with Burkersdorf . To the south lies the community of Großkmehlen with the community part of Frauwalde . To the west, Lindenau borders on the communities of Großthiemig and Schraden , which already belong to the Elbe-Elster district .

Community structure

Lindenau has no districts, inhabited parts of the community or places to live .


Lindenau in a map from 1922

The place Lindenau was probably created around 1200. During this time the area between Schwarzer Elster and Pulsnitz was drained and the village of Lindenau was founded. In 1346 Lindenau appeared in a first document as an independent parish office. In 1392 Lindenau belonged to the Milzemie district. It is likely that the estate and village were founded as a street village by the knights of Lindenau , who belonged to the nobility of the then Mark Meißen . The layout of the village, which indicates a Germanic settlement, supports this assumption. A tree (linden) served as a coat of arms and a seal. The place name developed from Lindenaw in 1495 via Lyndenaw in 1498 and 1551 to Lindenau .

In 1881 a major fire destroyed the old Lindenau, which had consisted of reed-covered houses. Stone farmhouses in rural Art Nouveau style from the turn of the century then shaped the village center. The discovery of lignite near Lauchhammer from 1900, the associated industrialization and the settlement of families from the former German areas east of the Oder-Neisse border after 1945 almost doubled the population.

Administrative history

Lindenau, which until then belonged to the Electorate and later Kingdom of Saxony , came to the Kingdom of Prussia through the Congress of Vienna in 1815 . The municipality became part of the district of Hoyerswerda in the province of Silesia . Lindenau was the westernmost place in Silesia. Since the district was west of the Oder-Neisse line , it became part of the Soviet occupation zone in 1945 and incorporated into the state of Saxony . In 1952 Lindenau came to the newly founded Senftenberg district in the GDR - Cottbus district (1990-1993 in the state of Brandenburg). Since the district reform in 1993 , the community has been in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district.

On May 19, 1974 Lindenau was together with the adjacent Frauendorf after Tettau incorporated. On May 6, 1990, both were spun off from Tettau and became independent communities. Since 1992 they have belonged to the Ortrand office.

Population development

year Residents
1875 450
1890 480
1910 600
1925 663
1933 670
1939 690
1946 867
1950 909
year Residents
1964 1 015
1971 1 032
1981 876
1985 880
1989 888
1990 887
1991 864
1992 889
1993 895
1994 889
year Residents
1995 873
1996 853
1997 826
1998 819
1999 816
2000 800
2001 789
2002 792
2003 775
2004 783
year Residents
2005 773
2006 757
2007 757
2008 752
2009 749
2010 729
2011 709
2012 726
2013 747
2014 740
year Residents
2015 741
2016 741
2017 739
2018 755
2019 752

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


Community representation

The community council of Lindenau consists of 10 community representatives and the honorary mayor. The local election on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats:

Party / group of voters Seats
Free voter group Lindenau 4th
Citizens' Association Future Lindenau 3


  • 1998–2008: Manfred Grafe
  • 2008–2019: Jürgen Bruntsch (CDU)
  • since 2019: Ralf Herrmann (Free Voting Group Lindenau)

Herrmann was elected in the mayoral election on May 26, 2019 with 55.8% of the valid votes for a term of five years.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on March 2, 2000.

Blazon : "Under a blue tin shield head in gold, a blue wavy strip covered by the trunk of a black linden tree with green leaves."


Lindenau Castle (1988)

Lindenau Castle

The Lindenau Castle is located on the western outskirts of the community (Platz der Einheit). It is built on the entrance side in the Renaissance style, the park side presents itself as a three-wing baroque complex . It has a gatehouse with a mansard hipped roof and ridge turrets as well as a castle and village church. A moat surrounds the building. A baroque hood sits on the castle tower.

The castle was built in 1584 by Loth Gotthard von Minckwitz (1611–1678), presumably on the foundations of an old moated castle. After the Thirty Years' War , the gatehouse was built in 1690, giving the castle the character of a castle . The baroque garden was laid out by the von Gersdorff family from 1736 . The Saxon Minister Heinrich Graf von Brühl bought the castle as early as 1744 . In 1833 his descendants sold the building to Rochus Ernst zu Lynar (Count's line), and through marriage in 1917 the castle came to the princes of Lynar. In 1920 the castle was extended by two neo-baroque side wings.

In 1945 the royal family was expropriated. The building was then used for teacher training, and from 1953 to 1998 it was used as a children's home. Lindenau Castle was sold to the Berlin senior citizens 'home operator ProCuro GmbH in 1998, but the intended establishment of a senior citizens' residence in the palace could not be realized, and the building has been empty since then. As early as 2008, the owner had announced that restoration work on the castle would soon begin with the aim of removing the structural changes made for use as a children's home and restoring it to its original state. A 23-hectare English landscape park is attached to the palace complex, the main features of which were created around 1881.

Castle Church

Lindenau Castle Church

The Lindenau Castle Church is largely in its present form in the 17th century Resulting building , located in the area of local castle east of standing also listed gatehouse located. This makes it the westernmost church in the Upper Lusatia area . Extensive restoration work on the church took place in 1908. Inside there is a pulpit from 1635 and an organ created by the Meissen organ builder Friedrich Wilhelm Pfützner .

Like the church, the palace and park are among the architectural monuments in Lindenau . The soil monuments of the place are listed in the list of soil monuments in Lindenau (Upper Lusatia) .

Economy and Infrastructure

Lindenau owned a fully developed commercial area that was converted into a solar park with an output of 2,700 kWp at the end of 2010.


The community is located on the K 6607 district road between Lauchhammer and Ortrand . The federal motorway 13 Berlin – Dresden runs east of the town and can be reached via the Ortrand junction .


Lindenau is closely associated with the painter Walter Besig (1869–1950), who was born in Mückenberg (today Lauchhammer-West ) . Besig, known as the “ Schradenmaler ”, lived in Lindenau until his death. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his death, the Heimatverein Lindenau erected a memorial stone. Besig is buried in the Lindenau cemetery. His grave is now on the local list of monuments.

Literature (selection)

  • Luise Grundmann, Dietrich Hanspach (author): The Schraden. A regional study in the Elsterwerda, Lauchhammer, Hirschfeld and Ortrand area . Ed .: Institute for Regional Geography Leipzig and the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-412-10900-2 .

Web links

Commons : Lindenau  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Notes and individual references

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. Lindenau community
  3. Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  4. ^ Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Oberspreewald-Lausitz . Pp. 18-21
  5. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  6. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  7. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  8. Results of the local elections in 1998 (mayoral elections) for the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district ( Memento of the original from April 19, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. Local elections in the state of Brandenburg on September 28, 2008. Mayoral elections , p. 10
  10. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 73 (1)
  11. ^ Result of the mayoral election on May 26, 2019
  12. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  13. ^ Family von Minckwitz: Loth Gotthard. Retrieved October 21, 2010 .
  14. Presentation on
  15. Sascha Klein: Orphaned beauties in Lausitz. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . July 30, 2008. ( online article )
  16. Annette Siemer: "Paradise on the doorstep" on, July 22, 2006
  17. ^ Georg Dehio: Handbook of German Art Monuments - Brandenburg . 2nd Edition. 2012, ISBN 978-3-422-03123-4 , pp. 965 .
  18. Luise Grundmann, Dietrich Hanspach (author): Der Schraden. A regional study in the Elsterwerda, Lauchhammer, Hirschfeld and Ortrand area . Ed .: Institute for Regional Geography Leipzig and the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig. Böhlau Verlag, Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-412-10900-2 , pp. 199-203 .
  19. a b Database of the Brandenburg State Office for the Preservation of Monuments and the State Archaeological Museum ( Memento of the original from December 9, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 21, 2017. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /