Senftenberg district

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Basic data (as of 1993)
Existing period: 1952-1993
District : cottbus
Administrative headquarters : Senftenberg
Area : 598 km²
Residents: 113,769 (1989)
Population density: 190 inhabitants per km²
License plate : Z (1953–1990)
ZO, ZP (1974–1990)
SFB (1991–1993)
Location of the district in the GDR
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About this picture

The Senftenberg district was a district in the Cottbus district in the GDR .

After the administrative reform in the GDR , which came into force on July 25, 1952, the Senftenberg district was formed from the southern part of the former Calau district, which had been called Senftenberg since July 1, 1950. On May 17, 1990, the district was renamed Senftenberg . With the reunification in October 1990, the Senftenberg district became a district under German municipal law . On 6 December 1993, the district Senftenberg in the course of which was district reform in Brandenburg with the district Calau to the Oberspreewald-Lausitz combined.

The seat of the district administration was in Senftenberg .



The Senftenberg district was in the south of the Cottbus district. Geographically, the district belonged to the Breslau-Magdeburg glacial valley . The Black Elster and the Pulsnitz flowed through it . The Senftenberger See lay in a circle .

The northern part of the district was in Lower Lusatia , the southern part in Upper Lusatia . Individual communities in the southwest were assigned to the Schraden .

Neighboring areas

Adjacent circles were:

in the north: Finsterwalde and Calau districts ( Cottbus district )

in the east: Spremberg and Hoyerswerda districts ( Cottbus district )

in the south: Kamenz and Großenhain districts ( Dresden district )

in the west: Bad Liebenwerda district ( Cottbus district )


Hotel Kronprinz, provisional seat of the district administrator in Senftenberg

With effect from April 1, 1947, the offices of the district administration of the district of Calau were relocated to Senftenberg. The agricultural and forestry departments as well as the collection of plant and animal products remained in the agricultural region of Calau . In Senftenberg, the district administration was housed in the entire city area. The district administrator and the tax office were located in the Hotel Kronprinz on Ernst-Thälmann-Straße. The Senftenberg Castle housed the main administration and the district building department. In the POS I Artur Wölk the district police, the social services and the county youth office came under.

On June 27, 1950, the district council of the Calau district approved the renaming of the district to Senftenberg district . Through the " order on the structure and functioning of the state organs of the districts " from 23./24. In July 1952, the Senftenberg district, now in the Cottbus district, was divided into the new districts of Calau and Senftenberg.

The Senftenberg district emerged from the southern part of the Calau district, the eastern part of the Liebenwerda district and part of the Hoyerswerda district . The northern part of the new district corresponded roughly to the former rule Senftenberg and the so-called Mückenberger Ländchen (the area around Lauchhammer) as part of the Liebenwerda district. The southern part comprised the area around Ortrand and Ruhland .

In 1952, around 128,000 people lived in the Senftenberg district.

District municipalities and cities

All places are listed that were independent municipalities on July 25, 1952 when the Senftenberg district was established.

Free hooves
Large flour
Grand Koshen
Großräschen (city)
Small flours
Cost brew
Lauchhammer (city)
Outskirts (city)
Ruhland (city)
Schwarzheide (city)
Senftenberg (city)



Chairman of the council of the district

First Deputy Chairman of the Council
Deputy Chairman of the Council and Chairman of the District Planning Commission
Deputy Chairman of the Council and Chairman of the Council for Agriculture and Food Production
Deputy Chairman of the Home Affairs Council
Deputy Chairman of the Trade and Supply Council
Secretary to the Council
Council members
  • for finance and prices
  • District Construction Director
  • for housing policy and the housing industry
  • for work
  • for local utilities
  • for energy
  • for traffic and communications
  • for environmental protection, water management and recreation
  • District School Board
  • for culture
  • for youth issues, physical culture and sport
  • District doctor



Schwarzheide synthesis plant
Building of the former engineering school

The Senftenberg district was largely shaped by the energy industry and the associated large open-cast mines such as Klettwitz and Meuro in which lignite was mined. Mining centers were Senftenberg, Großräschen and Lauchhammer. Power plants and a coking plant were located at these locations.

Heavy engineering was concentrated in Lauchhammer with the VEB Bagger-, Förderbrücken- und Gerätebau (BFG) Lauchhammer as well as in Senftenberg and Ruhland. The centers of the glass industry were Großräschen, Annahütte and Hosena . The chemical site was Schwarzheide with the Schwarzheide synthesis plant .


A mining engineering school was founded in Senftenberg as early as 1947. In 1954 the main building of the university was completed. The mining engineering school was later transformed into the engineering school for mining and energy "Ernst Thälmann" . This engineering school is the predecessor of today's Lausitz University of Applied Sciences .

Medical supplies

In 1989 there were three hospitals, seven polyclinics , three specialist outpatient departments, four outpatient departments as well as three company outpatient departments and eight state medical practices in the Senftenberg district .


The main traffic axes in the district were trunk road 169 and trunk road 96 as well as the Berlin-Dresden autobahn .


The nationally known sports clubs included the soccer team of SC activist Brieske-Senftenberg , which was runner-up in 1956.

License Plate

Motor vehicles (with the exception of motorcycles) and trailers were assigned three-letter distinctive signs from around 1974 to the end of 1990, beginning with the letter pairs ZO and ZP . The last number plate series used for motorcycles was ZY 00-01 to ZY 99-99 .

At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinguishing mark SFB . It was issued until the end of 1993. It has been available in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district since March 15, 2013 .


  • Publication series for local history research in the Senftenberg district , issue No. 1
  • Series of publications for local history research in the Senftenberg district , issue No. 3

Individual evidence

  1. a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  2. Law on the self-administration of municipalities and districts in the GDR (municipal constitution) of May 17, 1990
  3. An overview of the administrative and archive history of the Brandenburg districts since 1815. From Wolfgang Blöß
  4. Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 303 .
  5. Andreas Herzfeld: The history of the German license plate . 4th edition. German Flag Society V., Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-935131-11-7 , pp. 494 .