Manfred Deix (born February 22, 1949 in St. Pölten , Lower Austria ; † June 25, 2016 in Weidling ) was an Austrian caricaturist , graphic artist and cartoonist . Deix also worked as a musician and crime writer .
Born as the second child of Johanna (1920–2015) and Franz Deix in St. Pölten, Lower Austria, Deix grew up there and later in Böheimkirchen , where his parents moved to run the Zur Blaue Weintraube guest house they leased . The parents wanted him to become a landlord, butcher or tiler. From 1955 he attended the Daniel Gran elementary school , then the secondary school for a year and then from 1960 to 1965 the federal high school in St. Pölten. 1965 enrolled him in Vienna at the Graphische Training and Research Institute , which he u. a. visited together with Gottfried Helnwein , Josef Bramer and Bernhard Paul . The apprenticeship ended prematurely after two and a half years due to “truancy” (Deix) by being expelled from school. Then he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna in 1968 . He dropped out of art studies in 1975 after 14 semesters without a degree.
Deix's father “left an arm in Russia” during World War II. In retrospect, Deix said in 2002 that war invalids were “an everyday occurrence” for him and that “when he was 2 or 3 years old, other fathers with two arms were deformed”. "I was then tougher in dealing with war veterans who still rave about this thing (note the war) ... I mercilessly ridicule them ... the comradeship allies ... whom I saw". In 1984 Deix married his longtime girlfriend Marietta in Las Vegas . In the course of his stay in the USA, he made his first personal contact with the Beach Boys, whom he valued very much in Los Angeles . In 1995 his CD Musik aus Ameriga was released with cover versions of the Beach Boys written and sung by him in the Viennese dialect ( Deix & the Good Vibrations Band , with Lukas Resetarits as guest singer, counted as part of Austropop ). 1985 Deix was portrayed in the ORF TV show Without a Muzzle . In the same year personal contacts were made with the Titanic draftsmen Hans Traxler , Chlodwig Poth , FK Waechter and Robert Gernhardt . The 45-minute TV film portrait Küß die Hand, Austria - Manfred Deix and his pictures , shot in 1987 by Peter Hajek on behalf of ORF and ZDF , was presented at the Berlinale in 1988 and subsequently broadcast by many European television stations. In 1988 Deix suffered a pulmonary infarction - not least because of his excessive lifestyle (“I work, draw, smoke, drink”) - and after his stay in the clinic, he moved to Klosterneuburg-Weidling . Seven years later, another collapse followed, this time alcohol-related, which caused the draftsman to insert a "good phase to this day ...". Billy Wilder confessed himself to being a Deix fan in 1989 and wrote the foreword to the fifth Deix book Augenschmaus . Bono , frontman of U2 , compared the lyrics of his band with the pictures of Deix in an interview in 1993. In 2001 Deix met his role model Robert Crumb in his Krems permanent exhibition .
Deix last lived with his wife and 23 cats (at times there were around 80 animals) near Vienna. On February 22, 2009, his 60th birthday was celebrated with a large ceremony in the Krems Caricature Museum . In this context, a special exhibition was dedicated to him and the book The Golden Deix was presented. The politically active person, who also campaigned for animal welfare and from 2009 to 2010 for the animal rights party, suffered a lung attack in autumn 2014 , which was followed by a stay in hospital for several months; As a former chain smoker , he then switched his cigarette consumption to e-cigarettes . After a serious illness, Deix died on June 25, 2016. He was buried on July 8, 2016 in a grave of honor at the Vienna Central Cemetery (group 33G, number 10).
Deix's younger brother Christian is a musician and actor.
As a six-year-old, Deix caused a stir with “the first sales of Nackert drawings to the more lively classmates (unit price 10–15 groschen)”, as he himself wrote. When he was nine, he painted an erotic flip book from 100 drawings of a woman undressing. "She kept the panties on," he later said, "because I didn't know what it looked like underneath."
When he took part in an ORF drawing competition at the age of eleven, he was disqualified on the grounds that “We want drawings by children, but not by adults and professionals”. Deix had sent in his picture on the subject of "The Pied Piper of Korneuburg". Remarkably, it was his religion teacher who gave him the chance to publish his first cartoons in the weekly Lower Austrian church newspaper in 1960 - despite the increasingly obnoxious pictures . For 52 of his 4-picture comic strips this year - about two German scouts who liberate an Arab boy in Africa who last said in Europe: "I want to become a priest" - Deix received a fee of 1000 schillings . At first he had his girlfriend Marietta sell his sheets at the flea market , and from 1972 he published in Profil , Trend and Economy magazines . From 1978 covers and drawings for Stern , Spiegel , Pardon , and Titanic followed . He drew advertising posters for the Casablanca cigarette brand.
From 1992 to March 2015, Deix published a cartoon every week in the news magazine News . With the fees he booked the first trip to the USA, on which he mainly visited California and married his girlfriend Marietta in Las Vegas. In 1987 he designed a set for Bertolt Brecht's Arturo Ui at the Burgtheater in Vienna and the facade of the “Palace of the Winds” for André Heller . The television film portrait Küss die Hand Austria - Manfred Deix , which was broadcast by ORF, SRG SSR , ZDF and 3sat , was made in 1988 under the direction of Peter Hajek . In 1987 the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences Deix offered a professorship . At the Vienna Danube Island Festival in 1999 he performed live with the Beach Boys.
In his signature in block letters, the “I” bears a crown with stones on its three points instead of an i-dot . In an interview in 2009, Deix explained to Profil magazine that his pictures used to be similar to those of Gerhard Haderer and also the signatures in block letters and size, which is why he came across the crown as a gag and differentiation.
Working method and style
As a graphic artist, Deix preferred to work in watercolor . The choice of fine creative means was contrasted by image content, which often exceeded taboos in terms of subject choice and clarity . However, the works were always carried by a high moral impetus, since irony and sarcasm were always in the service of social criticism or the exposure of institutional or personal misconduct.
The target of the sometimes caustic ridicule was on the one hand Austrian, but also international politicians as well as on the other hand the common people, "a glaring total fritzeltum, at the mercy of an insatiable desire for 'Göd' (money) and 'Schnackseln'". He attacked the Austrian right-wing populist Jörg Haider particularly hard . Representations of Haiders u. a. as a fighting dog , Hannibal Lecter or Tiger (see Der Dicke Deix , pages 112, 212, 249) led to various complaints from Haider. Deix's representations of the people are also striking: carousing feasts, (child) porn consumers or sexually active clerics became the subject of a taboo satire. At the same time, Deix practiced a great closeness to the people, which allowed him to develop the "loving view of the Austrians" that he claimed from an attitude of empathy and not to ignore himself as an object of irony. Self-portraits and autobiographies were therefore no less ironic and sarcastic than other works.
Numerous caricatures Deix 'are provided with texts written by himself, which often have the form of quite independent poems. Analogous to the contrast between fine design means and explicitly represented in the graphic, he used a funny, sometimes almost childish tone in the text, which is contrasted in the choice of words with the explicit naming of sexual practices, faeces and vulgar expressions.
Due to its provocative style and the - often church-critical - content, Deix's works are thoroughly controversial, but are also highly valued precisely because of these properties. Deix was recognized by art critics at the time of his death, many of his caricatures are classics and are considered to be style-defining. In Austria, his name has even become a synonym for a certain type of person whose behavior and appearance are reminiscent of his caricatures: the "Deix figure", also mentioned in the Duden and Austrian dictionary .
In 2001, the Krems Caricature Museum , built based on a design by Gustav Peichl , opened . It shows a permanent exhibition with around 250 exhibits from Deix's work (current title since reopening in 2006: "Deix in the city", before that from 2001 to 2005 "The world of Manfred Deix").
- 1988: Awarded the Nestroy Ring by the City of Vienna
- 1995: Gold record for "Music from Ameriga" by Manfred Deix and the "Good Vibrations Band"
- 1997: Golden press award in Switzerland for the »Mezzo-Mix« campaign
- 2000: Culture Prize of the City of Klosterneuburg
- 2005: Gold Medal of Merit of the State of Vienna
- 2006: Book Prize of the Viennese Economy (endowment 8,000 euros)
- 2009: Professional title Professor (Prof.)
- 2009: Gold Medal for Services to the State of Lower Austria
- 2012: Austrian Cabaret Award (special award)
Works / publications
- 1973: Klappe, Mr. President , "Neue Freie Presse", Vienna. A comic in 15 tableaus / 5 sequels, based on a novel by Wolfgang Kudrnofsky .
- 1980: Cartoons, selected works from 1976–1980 , Wirtschafts-Trend-Zeitschriftenverlagsgesellschaft , Vienna, .
- 1983: Cartoons de Luxe . Orac, Vienna, ISBN 3-85368-946-9 .
- 1985: Satires from Vienna . Two thousand and one, Frankfurt am Main, ISBN 3-85368-946-9 .
- 1985: My evil eye . Orac, Vienna.
- 1986: My diary , Jugend & Volk-Verlag
- 1989: a feast for the eyes . Diogenes, Zurich
- 1991: The Men's Report . With a foreword by Thomas Gottschalk , Diogenes, Zurich
- 1993: kiss the hand
- 1993: wrong-way driver . Diogenes Publishing House
- 1993: Music video with Manfred Deix and the pop group "Espresso"
- 1994: Music CD "Manfred Deix Best of Vol.1"
- 1995: Deix on Sunday . Diogenes Publishing House
- 1995: Music from Ameriga - Deix & The Good Vibrations Band (Beach Boys cover versions)
- 1998: The new Deix book . Libro, Vienna
- 1999: Creation of 14 pictures on the 1600 m² facade of the Graz town hall
- 2000: Exhibition "Good Vibrations", Kunsthaus Wien
- 2002: Illustrated Poems . Zweiausendeins, Frankfurt am Main ISBN 3-86150-456-1 .
- 2003: The world of Manfred Deix . ISBN 3-902407-01-8 .
- 2004: The fat Deix . Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 3-8000-7059-6 .
- 2005: Deix in the City . ISBN 3-902407-03-4 .
- 2006: Deix in the City . CD-ROM, interactive: visit / a: xperience ISBN 3-902491-10-8 .
- 2006: The poet Deix - poems, pictures and private matters . Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 3-8000-7283-1 .
- 2007: Arnold Schwarzenegger. The naked truth . Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 978-3-8000-7060-2 .
- 2007: Manfred Deix as guest at Das Blaue Sofa at the Frankfurt Book Fair .
- 2009: The Golden Deix: Works from 2000 to 2008 . Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 978-3-8000-7411-2 .
- 2009: This is Deix . ISBN 978-3-902407-05-4 , Kultur Niederösterreich, Caricature Museum Krems .
- 2012: Forever Deix . Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 978-3-8000-7561-4 .
- 2013: The Holy Deix . Ecowin, Salzburg ISBN 978-3-7110-0043-9 .
- 2014: New drawings . Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 978-3-8000-7604-8 .
- 2015: wildlife. Katzen & Co. Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 978-3-8000-7637-6 .
- (posthumous publication) 2018: Forever Deix - Der Jubelband , edited by Marietta Deix, Ueberreuter, Vienna, ISBN 978-3-8000-7717-5
From 1977 Deix also published drawings (including title pages) and other works in the magazines Titanic, Stern, Spiegel, profil, news and Extrablatt .
- Deix trial for blasphemy
- Severin Heinisch (ed.): The world of Manfred Deix. [Catalog for the permanent exhibition The World of Manfred Deix in the Krems Caricature Museum], Kunstmeile Krems Betriebsgesellschaft, Krems-Stein 2003, ISBN 3-902407-01-8 .
- Peter Hajek : Kiss the hand, Austria - Manfred Deix and his pictures. 45-minute TV film portrait for ORF and ZDF (1987).
- This is Deix. The "distorted" picture artist. Portrait of the artist, Austria, 2009, 43:50 min., Script and direction: Günther Löffelmann, production: ORF , summary by alpha .
- Literature by and about Manfred Deix in the catalog of the German National Library
- Manfred Deix in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Entry on Manfred Deix in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Romana Rathmanner and Andreas Weigel : Beware of being drawn ( Memento from September 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Detailed interview with Manfred Deix about animal welfare, life, art and the world. transparent (magazine of the “International Association of Anti-Animal Experiments”), autumn 1990, accessed on July 8, 2016.
- Andreas Weigel: "Cretins, Sumpers, Hypocrites and Boobies". ( Memento from June 27, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Manfred Deix - the caricaturing archivist of domestic grievances. The press . "Spectrum". The new book. VIII, January 30, 1999, accessed July 8, 2016.
- Klaus Kastan : Manfred Deix cartoonist and painter, in conversation (PDF; 51 kB)
- KunstHausWien : Article on the exhibition at the Kunsthaus Wien ( Memento from May 31, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- "Manfred Deix, the mercilessly tender one" an obituary of the NEWS (with many of his drawings)
- Report in kurier.at with 20 works by Deix.
- Deix's Easter present to the church. From the anthology "The Holy Deix"
- Bad pictures over 60 years of Schwarzenegger.
- To listen to radio portrait of Manfred Deix in the Ö1 series “Chroniclers, Reporters, Enlighteners” from 2002
- Manfred Deix. Ugliness turned into art.
- On the death of Manfred Deix. Looking for the face of Austria in your underpants.
- Obituary from the Krems Caricature Museum
- Thomas Jorda: Säulenheiliger & Schmuddelkind , NÖN.at, February 5, 2019
- Doris Priesching: Caricaturist Manfred Deix died , derstandard.at, June 26, 2016, accessed on June 26, 2016 (obituary; with video)
- Ö1 radio portrait: Chroniclers, ... (from 1: 17/4: 57) from 2002
- CD information on: Music from Ameriga , archive of Austrian popular music: sra.at, accessed on June 27, 2016.
- This is Deix. ( Memento of the original from October 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. On: caricaturemuseum.at
- apa / news editorial team: The Deix cares about pigs , news.at, February 4, 2010, accessed on July 1, 2016
- Werner Rosenberger: Manfred Deix died: The Beach Boy among the cartoonists . kurier.at, June 27, 2016, 9:14 am, accessed June 27, 2016.
- Mein district.at - Grave of honor for Manfred Deix at the central cemetery , June 28, 2016, accessed on July 25, 2016
- orf.at - Grave of honor for Manfred Deix . Article dated July 5, 2016, accessed July 5, 2016.
- http://wien.orf.at/news/stories/2784400/ Abschied von Manfred Deix, orf.at, July 8, 2016, accessed July 9, 2016
- Jutta Kroisleitner: Christian Deix, musician and actor , derstandard.at, July 16, 2015, accessed on January 14, 2017
- DerStandard.at - Last caricature by Manfred Deix in "News" . APA notification dated March 6, 2015, accessed March 7, 2015.
- http://www.profil.at/gesellschaft/manfred-deix-gestorben-interview-oesterreich-6638817 Wolfgang Paterno: Manfred Deix is dead: "Austria is verdeixt", profil.at, June 27, 2016, accessed 9. July 2016.
- Obituary by Manfred Deix, in: Der Spiegel, July 2, 2016, p. 133
- term "Deixfigur" , duden.de, accessed on June 26, 2016
- ÖWB, 40th edition
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian caricaturist, graphic artist and cartoonist as well as musician and crime novelist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 22, 1949|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||St. Pölten , Lower Austria|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 25, 2016|
|Place of death||St. Pölten , Lower Austria|