from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Itzquelle at the foot of the Bleßberg

The Itzquelle at the foot of the Bleßberg

Water code EN : 2416
location Germany
River system Rhine
Drain over Main  → Rhine  → North Sea
source at the foot of the Bleßberg above the village of Stelzen
50 ° 26 ′ 35 ″  N , 10 ° 59 ′ 29 ″  E
Source height 673  m above sea level NN
muzzle below Rattelsdorf in the Main Coordinates: 49 ° 58 '59 "  N , 10 ° 52' 5"  E 49 ° 58 '59 "  N , 10 ° 52' 5"  E
Mouth height 235  m above sea level NN
Height difference 438 m
Bottom slope approx. 5.5 ‰
length approx. 80 km
Catchment area 1029 km²
Discharge at the Schenkenau gauge (91.4% of the catchment area)
A Eo : 940.59 km²
Location: 20.64 km above the mouth
NNQ (1976)
MNQ 1968–2009
MQ 1968–2009
Mq 1968–2009
MHQ 1968–2009
HHQ (1967)
780 l / s
2.08 m³ / s
9.33 m³ / s
9.9 l / (s km²)
86.2 m³ / s
230 m³ / s
A Eo : 1029 km²
at the mouth
9.7 m³ / s
9.4 l / (s km²)
Reservoirs flowed through Froschgrundsee
Navigable No

The Itz is a right tributary of the Main in southern Thuringia and Upper Franconia . According to the Bavarian Water Act (BayWG), it is a first-order body of water .


The Itztal lies in the sandstone Keuper , Rhät , Lias and Dogger and, together with the surrounding hills, forms the Itz-Baunach hill country of the south-west German step country . The river is deeply deepened into the rock, its valley floor falls from 673  m above sea level. NN at 438 m to 235  m above sea level. NN . The meadow landscape is a cultural landscape in which the grassland dominates and which shapes the image of the Upper Mainland. The Itztal between Coburg and Baunach (14.5 km² FFH area ) as well as the Itz- Baunach -Aue with an area of ​​123 km² are specially protected landscape protection areas that are characterized by regular flooding. Meadows with rare and threatened species are characteristic of them . In the case of the animals, there are beavers , bullheads , light blue-colored buttonheads and dark blue-colored buttonheads , while the plants are alder and ash species . Almost a quarter of the floodplains are under nature protection .

River course

The river is about 80 kilometers long and has a 1029 square kilometers catchment area. It rises northeast of Eisfeld in the Thuringian Slate Mountains at 673  m above sea level. NN at the foot of the Bleßberg in Stelzen in the Hildburghausen district .

The town of Schalkau is located on the river in the upper Itztal . Immediately after the state border, it is dammed up to the Froschgrundsee in Bavaria to protect against flooding . Then the Itz flows through the Froschgrund between Schönstädt and Oberwohlsbach and the cities of Rödental and Coburg . Further down the fertile lower Itzgrund , it floods the valley again and again when the water is high. Below Rattelsdorf , the Itz flows into the Main between Breitengüßbach and Baunach .


The tributaries are among others


The Itz is the namesake of a Main Franconian dialect , Itzgründischen , which is spoken in the valleys of the Itz and its tributaries.

See also


Web links

Commons : Itz  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Bavarian flood news service (as of September 6, 2011)
  2. Level data (MQ) from Schenkenau, increased by the area runoff of the remaining catchment area (4.1 l / s.km²), area runoff determined from level data from Schwürbitz, Schenkenau, Leucherhof, Untermerzbach and Kemmern
  3. Determination of the length of the Itz above the Grümpen estuary using a GPS route planner
  4. Grümpen - Determination of length using a GPS route planner