Manfred "Manni" Kaiser (born January 7, 1929 in Zeitz ; † February 15, 2017 in Lindau (Lake Constance) ) was a German soccer player who was used in 31 international matches in the GDR national soccer team from 1955 to 1964 .
Playing career, 1939 to 1965
Beginning of youth and senior citizens in Zeitz, 1939 to 1950
At the age of ten, Manfred Kaiser began playing soccer in the youth department of SpVgg Zeitz in 1910 in 1910 , after having been doing gymnastics with TV father Jahn for two years. With his father he was a regular guest on the soccer field. Since Zeitz made promotion to the Gauliga middle in the 1939/40 season , he had the opportunity to watch games in the highest league from 1940 to 1943. In his youth he always played in the storm, mostly on the right wing and as a center forward. As a teenager he also ran sprints and long jump in athletics. On January 6, 1946, one day before his 17th birthday, he played for the first time in the 1st team of SG Rot-Weiß Zeitz, the successor to SpVgg. He was used as a center forward. No state championship was played in Saxony-Anhalt until 1948. There were only point games in the individual classes at regional level. In 1949 Zeitz was promoted to the state class Saxony-Anhalt, but before the end of the 1949/50 season Kaiser wandered the course of the White Elster south and in early 1950 moved to Gera in eastern Thuringia in the newly founded league , which is now the top division in To be able to play East Germany.
BSG Süd / Mechanik / Wismut / Motor Gera, 1950 to 1955
On February 19, 1950, Manfred Kaiser played his first game in the league for what was then BSG Gera-Süd in Dessau . The change from training twice a week in Zeitz to training four times in Gera bothered him at first. However, due to his speed and technical disposition, he soon found his way around. In the second season in Gera, with the help of coach Erich Dietel, the breakthrough to become a regular player on the right wing position was achieved. Kaiser completed 32 games and scored seven goals. On May 27, 1951, he played for the first time in the Thuringian national team at 2-2 in Erfurt against Saxony. But with Gera it was never enough to make it to the top. In the third league round with Gera - 1951/52: 14th place in the final table - he experienced rioting by the spectators against the referee after the game against Wismut Aue on October 21, 1951, which led to a suspension. In the fourth year the descent took place. Since the relegation of Gera was certain early on, the Gera district wanted to secure at least the other team ( Jena ) membership in the Oberliga and Manfred Kaiser should go to Jena to reinforce it. He was already training in Jena, but the German Sports Committee did not issue a transfer release and therefore Kaiser played for Gera again from March 1953. Due to this indirect “forced break” he only made 23 games with four goals in this round. In 1953/54 in the second class it was enough behind Chemie Chemnitz to place two, so the promotion goal was just missed. After 14 missions with 13 goals, Manfred Kaiser was delegated during the 1954/55 season in January 1955 together with Bringfried Müller and Horst Freitag to SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt in Aue in the western Ore Mountains in the Loessnitz Valley. This was preceded by several international friendlies in the Wismut-Elf and the persistent processing on the part of the officials. "Manni" Kaiser left his place of residence in Gera and took the trips to training and games in the Ore Mountains on himself.
SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt (Wismut Aue), 1955 to 1965
With SC Wismut, Kaiser won the GDR runner-up behind SC Turbine Erfurt within a few months and after a 3-2 win after extra time on June 19, 1955 in Leipzig against SC Empor Rostock (with a goal from Kaiser), the GDR soccer cup (FDGB Cup) . Aue was promoted to the GDR league in 1951 and had already won the runner-up behind SG Dynamo Dresden in 1953 . The team of coach Karl Dittes (November 2, 1952 to May 24, 1955) was on the way to develop into a top team. After the arrival from Gera at the latest, the brothers Karl and Siegfried Wolf , Willy Tröger , Armin Günther , Erhard Bauer (captain from 1954 to 1959) and Klaus Thiele had a scaffolding of outstanding experts. The strengths of Manfred Kaiser, the speed and technique, the tactical behavior and early recognition of the game situation as well as his direct play, his long passes and the use of other players, could develop in this context in a performance-enhancing way and mature into true skill. This was followed by first place in the transition round in 1955 and the three championships in 1956 , 1957 and 1959 . Dieter Erler , who had also moved from Gera to Aue and was considered the greatest talent in GDR football at the time, took part in the third title win .
A big performance with the "Kumpel-Elf" took place on October 6, 1956 in the German-German championship duel in front of over 100,000 spectators in Leipzig against 1. FC Kaiserslautern . In the 3-5 defeat, Fritz Walter scored the "goal of the century" with the hoe. From 1957 "Manni" Kaiser experienced the sporting challenges in the European Cup . With Aue he played from 1957/58 against Gwardia Warsaw , Ajax Amsterdam , Young Boys Bern , IFK Gothenburg and Rapid Vienna . In the Otto-Grotewohl-Stadion at home, the record was 9: 3 points and 14: 6 goals from six home games. If you were eliminated in the first year of the Europa Cup in the round of 16 against Ajax Amsterdam, you could bring the Romanian and Swedish champions to their knees in the round of 1958/59 and only failed in the third game against Young Boys Bern. In the 1960/61 competition, SC Wismut was again defeated by the Austrian champions Rapid Vienna in a third game. "Manni" Kaiser played all 16 games in the European Cup of champions in the three rounds in 1958, 1959 and 1961 for the team from the Ore Mountains.
Personally, the midfielder, who switched to the outside runner position in 1958, considered the Europa Cup games very valuable for his personal development. At the age of 36, he played his last league round in 1964/65 for his team, which had been affiliated to the BSG Wismut Aue since 1963 as a result of the dissolution of SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt. The ex-champion landed on ninth place in the table and the veteran had completed another 22 games for his team. His last league game was the home game on May 30, 1965 against Lokomotive Stendal. After 349 games and 36 goals, he ended his career in the GDR league. In the second-rate GDR league in 1954 and 1955, 37 games with 19 goals were added.
National team of the GDR, 1955 to 1964
As a player for Wismut Gera, Manfred Kaiser had already played a game with the B national team in October 1954. After another B-National team in September 1955 Manfred Kaiser on November 20, 1955 in Berlin, was the 1: 0 win over Bulgaria in the 46th minute for Horst Assmy on Right Wing for the first time in the senior team coach János Gyarmati used brought. The first highlight in the national team were the 1957 World Cup qualifiers against Wales and Czechoslovakia. As well as the start on May 19 with the 2-1 win against Wales in Leipzig in front of more than 100,000 spectators in the central stadium, the other games turned out just as negative. Three defeats followed and qualification for the 1958 World Cup in Sweden was lost. The 2-0 defeat on June 21, 1959 in Berlin in the European Championship qualification against Portugal had worse consequences for "Manni" Kaiser. After the lost game, Assmy, Meyer, Wirth and Kaiser were taken out of the team for "insufficient fighting performance". For the man from Zeitz, there was a two-year break in the national team. Fritz Gödicke was the coach in charge of the GDR national team from May 1, 1958 to October 30, 1960; Heinz Krügel succeeded him for half a year until April 16, 1961. Not only for Manfred Kaiser himself, his long-term abstinence from selection was not justified in terms of sport. The Hungarian football expert Károly Sós brought the 32-year-old midfielder back into the selection in his first responsible game on May 14, 1961 in the World Cup qualification in Leipzig against the Netherlands. He played right runner and determined with Dieter Erler and Günter Schröter on the half-forward position the game of selection in the 1-1 draw. In the year of the 1962 World Cup in Chile, the friendly games against the USSR and Yugoslavia were impressive. Although they lost against both national teams, in Moscow 1: 2 and in Belgrade 1: 3, but the trial of strength with Yashin, Voronin, Netto, Tschislenko and Metreweli (Soviet Union) as well as with Soskic, Durkovic, Jusufi, Sekularac, Jerkovic, Galic and Skoblar (Yugoslavia) stood out well above encounters with opponents from the second row. In the 1963 European Championship qualifiers against Czechoslovakia (World Cup runner-up 1962) and Hungary, Kaiser dealt with Masopust, Scherer, Albert and Bene. The 51st game of the GDR selection on June 2, 1963 against England in Leipzig in front of 90,000 spectators must also be counted among the highlights. With the English in their narrow 2-1 success after goals from Hunt and B. Charlton with Banks, Wilson, Moore, Hunt and Bobby Charlton , five members of the world championship eleven from 1966 were already in action. At the age of 35, on February 23, 1964, at the friendly against Ghana in Accra, Manfred "Manni" Kaiser ended his career in the GDR national team after 31 international matches.
After Kaiser had already been trained as an industrial clerk in his active career, he completed a training course as a player in Aue from 1961 to 1965 at the Leipzig Sports University DHfK . So he was able to work as a coach at Wismut Gera from the beginning of the season 1965/66 to 1971 after his active time. Then he was assistant coach at FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt under Siegfried Vollrath and Gerhard Bäßler . From 1975 to 1977 he coached the GDR league team of BSG Chemie Zeitz , then he worked at Motor Hermsdorf, Chemie Bad Köstritz and most recently from 1986 to 1993 at Stahl / SV Elstertal Silbitz.
Manfred Kaiser in 1963 the first player of the year in the communications range. In the same season Kaiser was voted the best “left runner” (midfield) by the GDR upper division coaches . In a representative survey, Die neue Fußball-Woche determined the “Superelf DDR 40” in 1989. The following were selected for the midfield: Günter Schröter , Dieter Erler , Jürgen Nöldner and Manfred Kaiser.
After almost 60 years of marriage, Manfred Kaiser became a widower two years before his death. The marriage resulted in two sons; the older son Matthias Kaiser also became a soccer player at Carl Zeiss Jena and Wismut Gera. In the last years of his life, Kaiser lived with his younger son in Scheidegg in the Bavarian Allgäu.
Dieter Erler replied to the question about his GDR footballer of all time:
“Manni Kaiser. A technician and strategist. A pleasure its long linear passes. He also had the gift of precisely preparing for a climax. So I marveled at him in the joint time at Wismut Aue and in the selection. "
- Michael Horn, Gottfried Weise : The great lexicon of GDR football. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-89602-536-8 .
- Holger Joel (Ed.), Ernst Christian Schütt: Chronicle of German football. The national team games from 1908 to the present day. Chronik Verlag, Gütersloh 2005, ISBN 3-577-16409-3 .
- Hardy Greens : Encyclopedia of German League Football. Volume 1: From the Crown Prince to the Bundesliga. 1890 to 1963. German championship, Gauliga, Oberliga. Numbers, pictures, stories. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 1996, ISBN 3-928562-85-1 .
- Andreas Baingo, Michael Horn: The History of the GDR Oberliga. 2nd Edition. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2004, ISBN 3-89533-428-6 .
- Hardy Grüne, Lorenz Knieriem: Encyclopedia of German League Football. Volume 8: Player Lexicon 1890–1963. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2006, ISBN 3-89784-148-7 , p. 180.
- Hanns Leske : The GDR league players. A lexicon. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2014, ISBN 978-3-89784-392-9 , pp. 221–222.
- LIBERO, No. D 10, 1995 and No. D 15, 1998, IFFHS
- Conversation with Manfred Kaiser in November 2006
- Manfred "Manni" Kaiser died . 1. FC Zeitz website, February 15, 2017, accessed February 17, 2017.
- The great lexicon of GDR football. P. 22
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kaiser, Manni (nickname)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German soccer player|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 7, 1929|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Time|
|DATE OF DEATH||15th February 2017|
|Place of death||Lindau (Lake Constance)|