Senftenberg (Lower Austria)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
market community
coat of arms Austria map
Senftenberg coat of arms
Senftenberg (Lower Austria) (Austria)
Senftenberg (Lower Austria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Lower Austria
Political District : Krems-Land
License plate : KR
Surface: 34.76 km²
Coordinates : 48 ° 27 '  N , 15 ° 33'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 27 '0 "  N , 15 ° 33' 16"  E
Height : 254  m above sea level A.
Residents : 1,975 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 57 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 3541
Area code : 02719
Community code : 3 13 43
Address of the
municipal administration:
Neuer Markt 1
3541 Senftenberg
Mayor : Stefan Seif ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
(19 members)
11 4th 4th 
A total of 19 seats
  • ÖVP : 11
  • SPÖ : 4
  • JA2020 : 4th
Location of Senftenberg in the Krems-Land district
Aggsbach Albrechtsberg an der Großen Krems Bergern im Dunkelsteinerwald Droß Dürnstein Furth bei Göttweig Gedersdorf Gföhl Grafenegg Hadersdorf-Kammern Jaidhof Krumau am Kamp Langenlois Lengenfeld Lichtenau im Waldviertel Maria Laach am Jauerling Mautern an der Donau Mühldorf Paudorf Rastenfeld Rohrendorf bei Krems Rossatz-Arnsdorf Schönberg am Kamp Senftenberg Spitz St. Leonhard am Hornerwald Straß im Straßertale Stratzing Weinzierl am Walde Weißenkirchen in der Wachau Krems an der DonauLocation of the municipality of Senftenberg (Lower Austria) in the Krems-Land district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Parish church and ruins of Senftenberg
Parish church and ruins of Senftenberg
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria

Senftenberg is a market town with 1975 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Krems-Land district in Lower Austria . The community is located in the Kremstal wine-growing region in the southern Waldviertel . With an area of ​​34.76 square kilometers, Senftenberg is one of the smaller municipalities in Lower Austria. Due to the influence of agriculture, especially viticulture, Senftenberg is still rural today. The landmark of the community is the Senftenberg castle ruins .


Community structure

Senftenberg is located in the Kremstal wine-growing region in northern Lower Austria. The main town is 254  m above sea level. A. , measured at the municipal office in the center of Senftenberg. The community consists of six cadastral communities and also localities (residents as of January 1, 2020):

  • Imbach (350 ha; 591 inhabitants) including Gries, Hofstatt, Platzl and Waldschlößl
  • Meislingeramt (636 ha; 33 inhabitants)
  • Priel (128 ha; 181 inhabitants)
  • Reichaueramt (863 ha; 59 inhabitants)
  • Senftenberg (441 ha; 995 inhabitants) including the black wall
  • Senftenbergeramt (1060 ha; 116 inhabitants)
View from the castle ruins to the Senftenberg district

The districts of Imbach and Senftenberg are densely populated and accommodate most of the residents. Priel, Senftenbergeramt, Meislingeramt and Reichaueramt are a little further away from the community center in Senftenberg. The cadastral communities Meislingeramt, Senftenbergeramt, Senftenberg and Imbach are on a main road.

Land use and geology

The total area of ​​Senftenberg is 34.76 square kilometers. Around 75% of it is forested. The landscape is characterized by low elevations, some of which are forested. With the exception of Senftenberg and Imbach, the districts consist only of a residential center and are connected by country roads that lead alongside the large-scale wine-growing areas. For this purpose, the varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling are preferred. The rock layers consist of granites and gneisses . There is also plenty of clay and loess in the soil .

Neighboring communities

Gföhl Droß
Weinzierl am Walde Neighboring communities Stratzing
Dürnstein Krems

The closest cities are: Krems, Dürnstein, Gföhl, Zwettl , Horn and Langenlois .


Senftenberg has a slightly stimulating climate with frequent north winds, which can also be described as continental. In summer it is quite warm during the day, but periods of heat or humidity rarely occur; the nights bring strong cooling. The climate is very sunny and dry; precipitation barely reaches the 1,000 millimeter per year mark . In summer the average temperature is around 25 ° C. In winter temperatures are around 3 ° C; But snow is rare. Fog is rare in all seasons and usually only lasts for a very short time.


The name Senftenberg is first documented in 1197 by Ruedeger de Senftenberc . Senftenberg Castle was the starting point for founding this community .


Population development
data according to Statistics Austria

Population development

With a population density of 56 inhabitants per square kilometer, the municipality is comparatively sparsely populated (for comparison: Lower Austria has 83, Austria 98 inhabitants per square kilometer). As in many smaller towns in Lower Austria, there has been a tendency to migrate to the surrounding cities and to Vienna in recent years , even if this started later.

The first census in 1869 recorded 1649 inhabitants. Thereafter, a decrease followed with a subsequent large increase and in 1910 inhabitants could be counted as early as 2015, which almost reached the population maximum in the history of Senftenberg. As a result of the two world wars, the population decreased until it again exceeded the 2000 mark to 2017 at the end of the Second World War . As in the associated district and state, the population fell rapidly within ten years. By 1991 the population increased again and with 2067 inhabitants the highest level in the history of Senftenberg was recorded. Since then, the population goes back and fell to the census of 15 May 2001 under 2000 inhabitants. In addition to the weak birth balance (comparison 1991 to 2001: +2), the mainly negative migration balance (−98) was decisive for this . In terms of migration balance in particular, Senftenberg (−4.7%) is well below the values ​​for the Krems-Land district (+3.5%) and the state of Lower Austria (+5.4%). Between 2001 and 2011, both the birth balance (−47) and the migration balance (−36) were negative.

Population structure

As of January 1, 2008, the population was 1937 (915 male / 1022 female). Of these, 254 were under 15 years of age (114/140), 1289 were between the ages of 15 and 60 (627/662) and 394 were over 60 years old (174/220). Most women were between the ages of 45 and 49 (80 total) and most men were between 40 and 44 (82 total).

Origin and language

In 2001, 1912 (97.0%) of the population of Senftenberg stated German as a colloquial language. Another 17 people (0.9%) spoke mainly Serbian , five (0.3%) spoke Croatian , three (0.2%) Slovenian , two (0.1%) Hungarian , two (0.1%) Czech and the languages ​​of 30 inhabitants were unknown (1.5%). Of the population (as of January 1, 2008), 1,877 (96.9%) citizens were Austrian citizens, 60 inhabitants (3.1%) were not. 20 (1.0%) residents of Senftenberg were citizens of Germany , 12 (0.6%) were former Yugoslav citizens . This was followed by an American and an Asian , seven (0.4%) citizens were stateless or unnamed. In 2008 5.1% of Senftenbergers were born in a country other than Austria.



The municipal council has 19 members.

  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 ÖVP, 7 SPÖ and 3 FPÖ.
  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 12 ÖVP, 6 SPÖ and 3 FPÖ.
  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 10 ÖVP, 8 SPÖ and 3 FPÖ. (21 members)
  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 11 ÖVP and 8 SPÖ.
  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 12 ÖVP and 7 SPÖ.
  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 13 ÖVP, 5 SPÖ and 1 Greens.
  • With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2020 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 11 ÖVP, 4 SPÖ and 4 citizen lists Yes to the market town of Senftenberg (JA2020).
  • until 2005 Heinz Nuhr (ÖVP)
  • 2005–2015 Karl Steger (ÖVP)
  • 2015–2019 Josef Ott (ÖVP)
  • 2019 Helmut Pilz (ÖVP)
  • since 2020 Stefan Seif (ÖVP)

coat of arms

coat of arms

Senftenberg's coat of arms has been documented since the early Middle Ages. The coat of arms represents Senftenberg Castle, which was an important part of the region throughout the Middle Ages. At the bottom there are elevations that represent the hilly landscape in which Senftenberg is located. Senftenberg Castle is built above it. The castle glows at night to represent the power of the castle. The star represents the starry sky.

Town twinning

  • Flag of Germany.svg Senftenberg in Germany; since 1993. The city with around 27,500 inhabitants is located in Brandenburg in eastern Germany. Landmarks are the castle and the adjacent Senftenberger See . The two cities often appear together at tourism fairs.


Parish Church of the Birth of Mary in Imbach
Parish Church of St. Andreas in Senftenberg

The exact time of the foundation of the parish Senftenberg is not known. A pastor is first mentioned in 1368. The parish probably originated in the 12th century as the vicariate of the mother church in Krems. The reason for this is the church of St. Andrew , which still exists today and was built in the 12th century. A bishop's visit before this time can also be documented, but only as a short stay on a trip through Lower Austria. Over the centuries several churches were built in the Senftenberg community, some of which were either destroyed or abandoned.

The majority of the Senftenberg population is of the Roman Catholic denomination. In the 2001 census, the proportion of people with a Roman Catholic faith was 88.5% (1745 people). This was followed by 1.5% (30) with Protestant and 2.1% (41) with another faith. 7.9% (155) of the Senftenbergers were without religious beliefs or their beliefs were unknown.

There are two churches and a chapel in Senftenberg.

The parish church of the Birth of Mary is located in the Imbach district as part of a Dominican convent . The church was largely destroyed by fire in 1759. The damage was repaired in 1782. An antique within the church is the building's organ, which dates from 1695 and is fully functional to this day, with no major technical changes.

The parish church of St. Andreas is located in the Senftenberg area and was built in the 12th century as a fortified church with a defensive wall. It is located near the castle ruins and was initially built as a wooden structure. The entire interior was renovated in the 18th century.

Economy and Infrastructure

Workplaces and employees

According to the 2001 census of workplaces , there were 68 workplaces in Senftenberg with 322 employees, 260 of whom were employed. The most important branch in the municipality is therefore the hotel and restaurant sector with 21 companies (64 employees). The trade sector is also of importance ; Repair of motor vehicles and consumer goods with 9 workplaces at that time (20 employees) as well as the production of goods with 59 employees and 9 workplaces. The rather low employment opportunities in the municipality cause a high commuter rate. With 163 commuters in 2001, 719 Senftenberg residents were employed outside their home community.

Agriculture and Forestry

Livestock 1999 (source: Statistics Austria)
Chicken 564
Pigs 174
Sheep 173
Bovine 149
Other poultry 22nd
Goats 9
Horses 6th
Farmed game 0

In 1999 there were 118 agricultural and forestry operations in Senftenberg, which cultivated a total of around 766 hectares. 23 companies were run as full-time business and 95 as part-time business. Not a single company was owned by legal entities. Compared with 1995, the number of farms continued to decline, particularly in the field of part-time farmers, while the number of farms in full-time employment increased by 27.8%. Overall, the number of farms fell by 6.3% between 1995 and 1999, while the cultivated area remained almost unchanged.

In the 1999 livestock census in Senftenberg, there were 63 cattle farmers who owned 1097 livestock. Around 51% of the farm animals (19 owners) were chickens. They all belonged to the category of chickens and hens for laying purposes, roosters . 174 pigs (17 keepers) followed in second place. Most of them belonged to the category of fattening pigs .


The center of viticulture is the town of Krems, which is one of the oldest wine-growing sites in Austria. Krems has also been the location of a viticulture school and the venue for the Lower Austrian regional wine fair since 1875 . As a result, the wine-growing areas extend to Senftenberg and the surrounding area. The decisive factor for this was, among other things, the ideal climate for viticulture. At the moment, viticulture in the region is experiencing a great boom due to good marketing and high interest.

In 2001 there were 124 farms in Senftenberg, which farmed 158.02 hectares. Of these, 136.6 (86%) hectares were used productively for white wine and 17.74 (11%) hectares for red wine. 2.99 (2%) hectares were farmed for white wine and 1.00 hectares for red wine (1%) were not productive. For red wine, the Zweigelt was grown on the largest area, for white wine it was the Grüner Veltliner , the White Riesling and the Müller-Thurgau . 111.89 hectares have been operated for more than 20 years, 23.05 hectares for ten to 19 years, 19.09 hectares for three to nine years and 3.99 hectares for under three years.

Transport and infrastructure

The main street Pellingen runs through Senftenberg, which changes its name to the respective villages Kreuzmühle, Unterm Hals, Unterer Markt, Neuer Markt, Botental and Senftenbergeramt. A bus line operates on this route.

The nearest train station, which is in Krems, is about 7 km from Senftenberg. From there the trains run to the nearest provincial capitals and Vienna. In 1919 a field railway was built between Krems and Senftenberg , which was completed by November 15 to Imbach. However, this was removed again in the following year, since the railway proved to be a sensitive obstacle to traffic.

The closest airport is Vienna-Schwechat .

Authorities and institutions

In addition to the market town hall, Senftenberg houses a general practitioner , a dentist , a pharmacy and an outpatient clinic for electrophysical medicine and hydrotherapy .

There is a local Red Cross office for help in emergencies . The nearest police station is in Gföhl.

There are three volunteer fire brigades in Senftenberg: one in Senftenberg (founded in 1872), one in Imbach (founded in 1884) and one in Priel (founded in 1898). These belong to the Krems District Fire Brigade Command, Krems-Land Section Fire Brigade Command.

Educational institutions and education

In Senftenberg there is a Lower Austrian state kindergarten with a total of three groups and an elementary school . The next secondary schools and high schools are in Krems. The next universities are in Vienna , St. Pölten and Krems . There are also three universities of applied sciences in Krems . Of the 1,663 residents over the age of 15 in 2001, 64 had a college degree, 46 had a college relatives education, 94 had a vocational high school, 72 had a general high school, 193 had a technical college, 594 had an apprenticeship and 600 had a compulsory general school when they completed their highest education.

Culture and sights

  • Senftenberg castle ruins : The castle, first mentioned in 1197, is the landmark of the Senftenberg market town. It is located in the southeast of the Senftenberg district. The formerly converted castle was taken by Swedish troops in the course of the Thirty Years' War in 1645 and was then left to decay. For a few years now, the Senftenberg Castle Ruin Association has leased the ruins for 100 years and has been trying to renovate the cultural monument ever since. Striking features of the castle are the shielding wall and the differently shaped tower.
  • Catholic parish church Imbach Nativity
  • The sgraffitohaus , located southeast of the Senftenberg district, was owned by a wealthy bourgeoisie until 1623, who used it as a mansion, mansion chancellery and administrator's house. The frescoes reveal that the house was once owned by evangelists .
  • Hiesbergwarte : The Hiesbergwarte is located on a rocky plateau of a foothill of the Hiesberg, from which you can see the place well.


There are numerous sports clubs in Senftenberg. An indoor swimming pool, a tennis court, a soccer field, a bowling alley, a diving center and several hiking and mountain bike trails are available for sporting activities . A few years ago the association "12 Apostel" set up a nature forest / nature trail , which includes four stations. The Senftenberg shooting club operates a shooting range for pistol, rifle and clay pigeon shooting.

The football club SC Senftenberg , founded in 1967, currently plays in the 2nd class Wachau (eighth level). The greatest successes were 3rd place in the minor league in the 1983/1984 season and four championship titles in the 1st class (1976/1977 and 1981/1982) and in the 2nd class (1970/1971 and 1992/1993). In addition to the combat team, the club takes part in the championship with the reserve team, a U-16, a U-14, a U-11 and a U-9 team. SC Senftenberg has 163 members. The club colors are black and white. The homestead is located in the southwest of the Senftenberg district.

Races for the Austrian state championship have been held on the 1415 meter long motocross track in the Imbach district since 1982.


  • Franz Fux: In the beginning there was the “Vorst”. The forest authorities of the Senftenberg community , 1983
  • Franz Fux: Senftenberg. From mansion to health center. , Publisher: Marktgemeinde Senftenberg, Senftenberg, 1995

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e (link not available)
  2. Portrait of Senftenberg ( Memento from September 15, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on February 13, 2009)
  3. Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
  4. a b c Map of Senftenberg (accessed on February 12, 2009)
  5. a b c d e f g h i j Statistics Austria: data from Senftenberg (accessed on February 13, 2009)
  6. ^ Office of the Lower Austrian State Government , District Forest Inspectorate Krems : Forest Development Plan, partial plan covering the area of ​​the political district and the stately town of Krems , 2001, page 56
  7. Wines and soils in the Waldviertel (accessed on February 13, 2009)
  8. Climate in the Waldviertel ( Memento from May 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on May 10, 2015.
  9. Waldviertler Klima ( Memento from May 19, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on February 13, 2009)
  10. ^ Statistics Austria, A look at the community Senftenberg, population development. Retrieved February 15, 2019 .
  11. ^ Result of the municipal council election 1995 in Senftenberg. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 30, 2000, accessed on December 16, 2019 .
  12. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2000 in Senftenberg. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, February 4, 2005, accessed on December 16, 2019 .
  13. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2005 in Senftenberg. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, March 4, 2005, accessed on December 16, 2019 .
  14. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Senftenberg. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on December 16, 2019 .
  15. ^ Election results for the 2015 municipal council elections in Senftenberg. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on December 16, 2019 .
  16. Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Senftenberg. Office of the Lower Austrian state government, January 26, 2020, accessed on February 29, 2020 .
  17. Article at NOEN.AT , requested on February 27, 2020
  18. a b The Senftenberg Parish (accessed on February 13, 2009)
  19. Wine history in Austria ( Memento from December 26, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on September 23, 2008)
  20. ^ Franz Fux: Unter Schleier und Krummstab., Publisher: Marktgemeinde Senftenberg, Senftenberg, 1989. P. 375.
  21. A bschnittsfeuerwehrkommando Krems-Land (accessed on 13 February 2009)
  22. ^ Website of the SC Senftenberg ( Memento of October 21, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on February 13, 2009)
  23. ↑ Description of the route on the MSC Imbach website

Web links

Commons : Senftenberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files