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coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Volga
Oblast Saratov
Rajon Wolsk
Founded 1690
Earlier names Malykovskaya, Volgsk
City since 1780
surface 148  km²
population 66,508 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 449 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 90  m
Time zone UTC + 4
Telephone code (+7) 84593
Post Code 412900-412921
License Plate 64, 164
OKATO 63 413
Website www.volsk.info
Geographical location
Coordinates 52 ° 3 '  N , 47 ° 23'  E Coordinates: 52 ° 3 '0 "  N , 47 ° 23' 0"  E
Wolsk (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Wolsk (Saratov Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Saratov Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Wolsk ( Russian Вольск ) is a city in the Russian Oblast of Saratov . It has 66,508 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) and is located on the banks of the Volga , 147 km northeast of the regional capital Saratov . Wolsk is the administrative center of Wolsk Raion .


Coat of arms from 1780

The city was founded at the mouth of the small river Malykowka in the Volga . In 1690 the large village Malykowskaja ( Малыковская ) was mentioned at this point . At the end of the 17th century, Prince A. L. Vyazemsky was given this region as a country seat. The prince took care of the expansion of the village and promoted the development of the village into the city of Wolsk. In 1780 the city received the status of a district town of Ujesds Volgsk (the name changed to today's name Wolsk in the course of the 19th century) in the Saratov governorate .

During the Weimar Republic there was a secret German-Soviet military cooperation from 1922 to 1933, which also included a joint school for chemical warfare with Tomka near Wolsk (in today's Schichany ). In Wolsk there were two POW camps 137 and 265 for German POWs from World War II . Seriously ill people were cared for in the prisoner of war hospitals in 1691 and 5134 .

Population development

year Residents
1897 27,058
1939 56.109
1959 63,422
1970 69.191
1979 65,749
1989 65,683
2002 71,124
2010 66,508

Note: census data


After the October Revolution , Wolsk became an important center of cement production and has remained so to this day. There is also mechanical engineering, a brewery and a textile factory.

There is also an arms factory in Wolsk, which produces , among other things, the Russian 9K135 Kornet anti-tank guided missile .


Wolsk has a local history museum with a picture gallery. A peculiarity of the city are the architectural decorations of the stone buildings, which were executed in the style of Russian classicism of the 19th century. Among them are the house of the merchant Menkowa (today's museum of local history), a number of decorated house numbers and the merchant's villas.

sons and daughters of the town

See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Maschke, Erich (ed.): On the history of the German prisoners of war of the Second World War. Verlag Ernst and Werner Gieseking, Bielefeld 1962–1977.

Web links

Commons : Wolsk  - collection of images, videos and audio files