Affoltern (City of Zurich)
quarter of Zurich
|Residents||26,562 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density||4398 inhabitants / km²|
|Urban district||District 11 since 1934|
Affoltern is separated from the city center by the Käferberg . It is mostly a residential area.
coat of arms
- Split by gold and red, on the right a green apple branch with three red fruits, on the left in the head of the shield a gold star.
The first mention comes from the time after 831. In a list of the St. Gallen monastery with interest people from the Wehntal ( Censores de Uaninctale ) an Alemanne von Affoltern ( de Afaltraha ) is mentioned with a fee of five solidi. The first clearly datable mention is from 870. In Afaltraha and his later responses to today's quarters is the precursor upper and lower village . In the 11th century the area was adapted by the barons of Regensberg , who lived in the ancestral castle of Alt-Regensberg . The sex disappeared after a few generations and with it the importance of most of the goods in the Furttal - including those in Affoltern. Affoltern belonged to the parish of Höngg until the 17th century, then to Dielsdorf for a short time and finally to Bülach until the 19th century. In 1934 Affoltern was incorporated together with the communities of Albisrieden , Altstetten , Höngg , Seebach , Oerlikon , Schwamendingen and Witikon .
Origin of name
The name Affoltern comes from the Old High German word "aphaltra" (apple tree, ahd. Aphal = apple, ahd. Tra = tree).
The municipality of Affoltern near Zurich and seven other independent municipalities became part of the city of Zurich in 1934. Together with the other Glattal communities of Oerlikon , Seebach and Schwamendingen , Affoltern was divided into the new urban district 11 , with Schwamendingen being reallocated to its own, newly created district 12 on the occasion of a revision of the urban districts in 1971.
Affoltern consists of the districts Neu-Affoltern, Ober-Affoltern and Unter-Affoltern. Neu-Affoltern borders on the city quarters of Oerlikon and Seebach. Ober-Affoltern forms the link to Höngg and the ETH Science City . Unter-Affoltern borders on the Chatzensee nature reserve and recreational area .
In 1941 the Affoltern district still had a manageable 3,000 inhabitants. Until the beginning of the 1950s, the quarter was hardly noticed. Then came the first big building boom, where, among other things, the third district of Neu-Affoltern was built alongside the existing districts of Ober- and Unter-Affoltern. Apartments for more than 10,000 new residents were built in just 10 years. The number of inhabitants then stagnated for 40 years until 2002 at around 18,000. At the beginning of the 21st century, the city of Zurich experienced a housing shortage that continues to this day, which triggered a second major construction boom. This time mainly the exposed land from Zehntenhausplatz / In Boden to Holzerhurd and the Chatzensee recreation area was re-zoned and spacious, modern and family-friendly. There were also new streets, avenues and parks. The quarter had more than 24,000 inhabitants at the end of 2009, but the development of the areas is not yet complete in 2010 either. Affoltern is thus the most populous district in Zurich-North and, after Altstetten, the entire city of Zurich. Affoltern has been the city district with the highest annual population growth for eight years. At the end of 2018, Affoltern had around 26,500 inhabitants. According to forecasts by the city of Zurich, the population is expected to grow by 18% to 31,000 by 2035.
Life in Affoltern
The area around Zehntenhausplatz / "In Boden" with its boutiques, some restaurants and inns, small shopping centers and other shops is more urban. This contrasts the old village center with its timber-framed buildings and farms. Beyond the motorway bridges is a nature reserve with three small lakes and a lido. The local recreation area is popular with those seeking relaxation from the city center on nice days and also in winter when the lakes are frozen over. Mainly young families with children live in Affoltern, who are looking for a quiet environment but still want to fall back on a good infrastructure.
Affoltern's image is shaped by its many new apartments. Most were designed in a flat roof design. Developments such as N-Joy [Quarters Ober- and Unter-Affoltern the third quarter] or Wolfswinkel received national interest among architects for modern urban construction. Most of the buildings were built to the minergy standard with heat pumps and solar cells. Sustainability was a top priority in the design.
The Affoltern cemetery , together with the Höngg cemetery and the Witikon cemetery, represent a specialty among the Zurich cemeteries: They are historical cemeteries, from which district cemeteries emerged in the 19th century. The Affoltern cemetery is located next to the Unterdorf church and dates back to 1683.
Affoltern has an S-Bahn station, which is served by S-Bahn line 6. Line 6 runs every 30 minutes from Uetikon to Baden via Stadelhofen, Hauptbahnhof and Oerlikon. Since December 2016, the new S-Bahn line 21  has been running in the evening from the main station via Oerlikon to Affoltern and in the opposite direction in the morning. This guarantees a 15-minute cycle during rush hour.
There is also a motorway connection to the Nordring ( Zurich northern bypass ), which forms part of the A1 motorway from Geneva to St. Gallen and the A4 motorway from Schaffhausen to Central Switzerland . The motorway connection is connected to Wehntalerstrasse, which is an important traffic artery for the development of the north-western part of the canton of Zurich.
In addition, Affoltern is served via the Wehntalerstrasse with the trolleybus route 32 and the bus route 61/62. Line 32 runs every five minutes (morning / evening, otherwise 7/8 minutes) via Bucheggplatz to Limmatplatz ( Langstrasse ) to the road traffic office. Lines 61/62 connect Affoltern with Oerlikon and Schwamendingen. The buses run every six minutes (from Affoltern train station) and every twelve minutes to Unteraffoltern or to the Ruggächern development area (final stop Mühlacker). From the Glaubtenstrasse station, the Altstetten and Neu-Oerlikon districts are served every five minutes by line 80, and the Seebach and Bucheggplatz districts by line 40. Line 37 also leaves from Affoltern station and goes directly to ETH Science City on the Hönggerberg.
The bus line N1 of the Zurich night network ZVV connects Affoltern with the city center on weekends every 30 minutes.
Affoltern is to receive a tram into the city via Bucheggplatz in 2027 at the earliest. Tram line 11 will be extended to Holzerhurd. If necessary, the “Nordtangente” tram line will later run from Affoltern via Oerlikon to Schwamendingen.
The following churches and places of worship are located in Affoltern:
The Evangelical Reformed Church has two churches in Affoltern:
- the church Unterdorf , which was built in 1683. It was part of the church until 1664 according to Höngg . The simple, small baroque church is in the inventory of the gardens and facilities worthy of protection and has an organ made by the company Kuhn , Männedorf, which was built in 1983. The Unterdorf church serves as the abdication room for the Affoltern cemetery next door.
- the church Believed , which was built in 1971/1972 according to plans by the architects Esther and Rudolf Guyer , Zurich and Zumikon. It has an organ that was built by the Manufacture d'Orgues Muhleisen , Strasbourg.
- Responsible also for part of Affoltern is located in the area of Unterstrass located Matthäuskirche which was built between 1949-1950 by the architect Max Gomringer.
Two parishes are responsible for the Roman Catholic residents of Affoltern:
- The parish church of St. Katharina , which was built between 1969 and 1972 by the architects Wilhelm and Eugen O. Fischer.
- The Church of All Saints (built in 1963–1964) in the area of Unterstrass is responsible for Neuaffoltern . It was built by the architect Karl Higi and has an organ built by Bernhardt Edskes in 2008 and a fresco by the artist Ferdinand Gehr .
The New Apostolic Church has a church at Zehntenhausstrasse 12. The original church, built between 1964 and 1965, was demolished in 2015 and a new church was built. This was inaugurated in 2017.
2800 people are employed in Affoltern. The large resident companies are the Swiss Hospitality Employers' Association Gastrosuisse and the metal mesh manufacturer G. Bopp & Co AG .
- Building Construction Department of the City of Zurich, Office for Urban Development: Affoltern, Oerlikon, Schwamendingen, Seebach. Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung , Zurich 2003 (Baukultur in Zurich, Volume I), ISBN 3-03823-034-0 .
- Presidential Department of the City of Zurich, Statistics City of Zurich: Affoltern district mirror. Zurich 2015 ( read online ).
- Pia Meier, Walter Aeberli, Heinz Kull: Affoltern in transition. The booming city quarter. Affoltern district association (publisher), 3rd edition, Zurich 2019 ( PDF ).
- Portal Zurich Affoltern
- District development Zurich Affoltern
- Affoltern neighborhood association
- Martin Illi: Affoltern near Zurich. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Affoltern (City of Zurich) on the ETHorama platform
- Peter Erhart: Chartularium Sangallense . tape 1 . Ostfildern 2013, p. 326 f .
- StiASG , Urk. Bremen 24. Online at e-chartae , accessed on June 12, 2020.
- StiASG , Urk. III 306. Online at e-chartae , accessed on June 12, 2020.
- Albert Samuel Gatschet: Affoltern. In: Ortsetymological research as contributions to a toponomastics of Switzerland. , Pp. 95-96.
- Districts and quarters - statistics. In: City of Zurich. Retrieved April 20, 2019 .
- Population. In: City of Zurich. Retrieved April 20, 2019 .
- Current projects. Wolfswinkel residential development in Zurich-Affoltern 2003-2007. erp architects, accessed June 4, 2010 .
- See the following: Robert Schönbächler: Churches and places of worship in the city of Zurich. New Year's Gazette Industriequartier / Aussersihl. Zurich 2012.