Rural community town of Auma-Weidatal
|Height :||399 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||30.08 km²|
|Residents :||3033 (Dec. 31, 2010)|
|Population density :||101 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 1, 2011|
|Postal code :||07955|
|Area code :||036626|
Location of Auma in Thuringia
Auma is located in the Thuringian Slate Mountains on the Auma River . Down the river near Weida , the Aumatalsperre was built in 1936 for energy generation, service water supply and, today, also for recreational activities. Auma is about 20 km southwest of Gera . The highest elevation in the vicinity is the Lerchenberg at 447.5 m.
Auma probably goes back to a Slavic settlement in the 8th / 9th centuries. Century back. In Auma, the old Regensburger Strasse crossed the river of the same name. This transition was also interesting for the routes from Neustadt an der Orla towards Vogtland and Bohemia. This transition was secured and controlled with a castle - demonstrably from the 13th century. In 1248 an Albert von Auma was mentioned. The castle belonged to the Counts of Arnshaugk . It was later inherited by the Thuringian Landgrave , which was confirmed in 1328. There are no visible remains of the castle. Material from the outbuildings was used for buildings.
- There were several mills in Auma:
- The Eisenschmidtmühle was first mentioned in a document in 1518. Heirs have been worried about the mill since the fall of the Wall.
- The middle mill was built in 1722. The dilapidated building was demolished around 1980.
- The boiler mill was first mentioned in a document in 1705. The mill house became an excursion restaurant with a swimming pool. In the GDR the property was used as a rest home for children. In 1995 it became a children's and youth home.
- The Teichmühle, it was mentioned for the first time in 1328. It was demolished because of its disrepair.
Auma was mentioned in a document on Sept. 24, 1237, as a city for the first time in 1331. The Reussians of Plauen were then enfeoffed with rule. 1485 took over the Albertine line of the Wettin castle and place, then the Ernestines were responsible.
In 1641 the peasant general Georg Kresse was shot in Auma. In 1790, the largest known fire in the city's history destroyed around 200 buildings. On the way to Jena and Auerstedt in 1806 Napoleon stayed in the city. Between 1816 and 1920 the city belonged to the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach . In 1894 Auma was connected to the Triptis – Ziegenrück railway line .
During the Second World War , 70 prisoners of war and women and men from the Soviet Union who had guarded accommodation in the rifle halls had to do forced labor in the village since 1941 . They are remembered by a memorial in the city park.
On July 1, 1950, the previously independent communities of Gütterlitz and Untendorf were incorporated.
On March 25, 1994, Muntscha, Zickra, Krölpa and Wenigenauma were incorporated.
Until January 3, 1996 Auma was a member of the administrative community Auma , after that the city belonged to the administrative community Auma-Weidatal . On December 1, 2011, Auma and the communities Braunsdorf , Göhren-Döhlen , Staitz and Wiebelsdorf merged to form the rural community of Auma-Weidatal.
Development of the population (from 1994: as of December 31) :
- Data source from 1994: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The last Auma city council has been composed as follows since the local elections in 2009 :
- CDU : 7 seats
- Gewerbeverein Auma / Sportverein Blau Weiß Auma: 5 seats
- Independent civic association Auma: 4 seats
The last mayor was the CDU politician Gernot Purkart.
Culture and sights
Particularly noteworthy is the quite large market with the replica of a Kursächsische post mile column (original parts from 1722 and the first reconstruction in the courtyard), old town hall (rebuilt in 1790), new town hall (1907/08), the Franz Kolbe school (1900) and the town houses. In preparation for the celebrations for the 675th anniversary of Auma in 2006, the market square was extensively redesigned. The Liebfrauenkirche southwest of the market was rebuilt after the city fire of 1790.
Economy and Infrastructure
|PRG||Zeulenroda - Auma - Triptis||National bus route|
|PRG||Zeulenroda - Merkendorf - Stelzendorf - Auma - Staitz|
|RVG||Weida - Frießnitz - Niederpöllnitz - Auma|
The economy is characterized by medium-sized industry, craft and trade.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Johann Adolph Darnstedt (1769–1844), draftsman and engraver
- Paul Dölz (1887–1975), politician (SPD), member of the state parliament in Schleswig-Holstein
- Franz Köcher (1916–2002), ancient orientalist and medical historian
- Franz Ronneberger (1913–1999), communication scientist
- Ingeborg Leuthold (1925–2020), painter and graphic artist
- Peter Schütz (1945–1997), politician (CDU), member of the Thuringian state parliament
- Konrad Huschke (1875–1956), music writer, musicologist and lawyer
People related to Auma
- Curt Fischer (1890–1956), entrepreneur and designer
- Dietmar Schauerhammer (* 1955), bobsleigh driver, 1984 Olympic champion in two-man and four-man bobsleigh
- René Enders (* 1987), cyclist, Olympic knight in 2008 and 2012 in track cycling
- Karlheinz Blaschke : The development of the city of Auma . In: Yearbook of the Hohenleuben-Reichenfels Museum 30, 1985. pp. 9–17. Reprinted in: Peter Johanek (Ed.) With the assistance of Uwe John: Stadtgrundriß und Stadtentwicklung. Research into the development of central European cities. Selected essays by Karlheinz Blaschke (= urban research: series A, representations vol. 44). Cologne, Weimar, Vienna: Böhlau 1997, pp. 293-301. ISBN 3-412-06897-7 , 2nd unchanged edition, ibid. 2001. ISBN 3-412-02601-8 .
- Michael Köhler: Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces. Jenzig-Verlag 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 62
- Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. Wartberg Verlag 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , p. 96
- Günter Steiniger: Mills on the Auma, the Triebes, the Leubs and in the Güldetal. Rockstuhl Verlag, Bad Langensalza 2011, ISBN 978-3-86777-296-9 , pp. 37-39; 34-36; 31-33; 31-33
- Wolfgang Kahl : First mention of Thuringian cities and villages up to 1300. Rockstuhl Publishing House, Bad Langensalza 2001, ISBN 3-934748-58-9 , p. 13
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. In the series: Heimatgeschichtliche Wegweiser. Volume 8 Thuringia, Erfurt 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 109
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1994
- StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011
- Thuringian Association for Home Care (Ed.): Yearbook 1912 . Self-published, Erfurt 1913, news, p. 83 .