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Bakal ( Russian Бака́л ) is a Russian city in the Chelyabinsk Oblast with 20,940 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).
The city is located on the western flank of the Southern Urals between the mountain ridges Suleya and Bolshaya Suka , about 260 km west of the Oblast capital Chelyabinsk .
Bakal belongs to the Satka Raion .
A 52-kilometer branch line connects the city with Satka and with the Berdjausch station (1890 km from Moscow) on the southern branch ( Moscow - Samara - Chelyabinsk - Omsk ) of the Trans-Siberian Railway . The M5 Moscow - Chelyabinsk highway runs a few kilometers south of Bakal .
Bakal was built in 1757 as a miners' settlement near the iron ore deposit on the upper reaches of the river of the same name. On October 25, 1951, the place received city rights.
Note: census data
Culture and sights
In Bakal there is a history and local museum , which is mainly dedicated to the 250 year old mining tradition of the place.
Bakal is one of the centers of iron ore mining in the Southern Urals with several opencast mines and shafts . The majority owner of the company is the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine . There are also companies involved in mechanical engineering (mining technology) and the building materials industry (gravel).
sons and daughters of the town
- Rajissa Bohatyrjowa (* 1953), Ukrainian politician
- ↑ a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Unofficial website about the city (Russian)
- Bakal on mojgorod.ru (Russian)