from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Ural
Oblast Chelyabinsk
Urban district Zlatoust
mayor Alexander Karavaev
Founded 1754
City since 1865
surface 118  km²
population 174,962 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1483 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 440  m
Time zone UTC + 5
Telephone code (+7) 3513
Post Code 4562xx
License Plate 74, 174
OKATO 75 412
Website www.zlatoust.ru
Geographical location
Coordinates 55 ° 10 ′  N , 59 ° 40 ′  E Coordinates: 55 ° 10 ′ 0 ″  N , 59 ° 40 ′ 0 ″  E
Zlatoust (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Zlatoust (Chelyabinsk Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Chelyabinsk Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Slatoust ( Russian Златоу́ст ) is a major Russian city ​​with 174,962 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in the Chelyabinsk Oblast . She is best known for making blades.

Zlatoust is located in the middle Urals , on the left Ufa tributary Ai , about 1750 km east of Moscow and 110 km west of the regional capital Chelyabinsk . The closest towns are Kussa (23 km northwest of Zlatoust) and Miass (33 km southeast).


Slatoust was founded in 1754 and got its name after the Byzantine saint John Chrysostom , who is called Ioann Slatoust in Russian ( Chrysostomos = "Goldmund" = Russian Slatoust ). The reason for the city's foundation was the establishment of an iron factory in the area of ​​today's city by the Tula industrialist family Mossolow. It is believed that the Mossolows particularly revered John Chrysostom and therefore named the newly founded factory after him, which then gave the city its current name.

Zlatoust train station

In 1815, in addition to the iron factory, a blade factory was founded in Slatoust, and masters from Solingen were also involved in building it up. In the 19th century, the craft of metal engraving developed in Slatoust, with which the Slatouster blade weapons were decorated. This made them known far beyond the town's borders, and metal engraving is still a traditional local handicraft in the city. In 1857, another arms factory was built in Slatoust, where the first steel cannons in Russia were cast.

In 1865, Slatoust was granted city rights and became a district center in the Ufa governorate , and in 1931 it was declared an independent city. During the Second World War , Slatoust housed over 20 industrial companies evacuated from the European part of Russia (including the First Moscow Watch Factory ). Due to its location far in the hinterland of the Soviet Union, the city was spared from the war, but it is estimated that around 40,000 Slatousters were killed at the front.

Population development

year Residents
1897 20,502
1939 99,415
1959 161,342
1970 180,488
1979 197,760
1989 207,794
2002 194,551
2010 174,962

Note: census data

Economy and Transport

To this day, Slatoust is an important center of metallurgy in the Southern Urals, including the Slatoust metallurgy plant (founded in 1902) and the traditional blade factory, whose buildings from the early 19th century are among the city's main attractions. There is also a machine, a packaging and a watch factory in the city, as well as over 300 smaller industrial and service companies.

The M5 trunk road runs south of the city on the section between Ufa and Chelyabinsk . There is a long-distance train station within the city with connections not only to Chelyabinsk but also to Samara and Moscow , for example . The nearest airport is near Chelyabinsk. In inner-city public transport, buses and regular taxis play a role, and Slatoust also has its own tram network , which consists of two lines.

sons and daughters of the town

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)

Web links

Commons : Slatoust  - collection of images, videos and audio files