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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Ballhausen
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Ballhausen highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 9 '  N , 10 ° 53'  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
County : Unstrut-Hainich district
Management Community : Bad Tennstedt
Height : 162 m above sea level NHN
Area : 14.8 km 2
Residents: 814 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 55 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 99955
Area code : 036041
License plate : UH, LSZ, MHL
Community key : 16 0 64 005
Community structure: 2 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Neue Str. 140
99955 Ballhausen
Mayor : Uwe-Karsten Saalfeld
Location of the municipality of Ballhausen in the Unstrut-Hainich district
Anrode Bad Langensalza Bad Langensalza Bad Langensalza Bad Tennstedt Ballhausen Blankenburg Bruchstedt Dünwald Großvargula Haussömmern Herbsleben Hornsömmern Kammerforst Kammerforst Kirchheilingen Körner Kutzleben Marolterode Menteroda Mittelsömmern Mühlhausen Nottertal-Heilinger Höhen Oppershausen Oppershausen Rodeberg Schönstedt Südeichsfeld Sundhausen Tottleben Unstrut-Hainich Unstruttal Urleben Vogteimap
About this picture
Grossballhausen Church
Family grave of the von Ballhausen family

Ballhausen is a municipality in the Unstrut-Hainich district in Thuringia . It belongs to the Bad Tennstedt administrative community based in the city of Bad Tennstedt .


Ballhausen is located on the northern edge of the Unstrut lowland in the center of the Thuringian Basin , east of Bad Tennstedt. To the north is the Hopfenberg with a height of 224  m , to the south the Schambach runs towards the Straußfurt flood retention basin .

Community structure

Ballhausen consists of the two former independent communities Großballhausen (eastern district) and Kleinballhausen (western district).


Ballhausen was located on a north-south route connection that was important at the time. There were two medieval castles : in Großballhausen in the area of ​​the later Red and Green Courts, in Kleinballhausen near the later manor house. Remains of the latter castle were still detectable at the end of the 19th century. In 1104 the Peterskloster in Erfurt had possessions in Ballhausen. The first nobleman known by name was Heselin von Ballhausen , attested in 1110 in a document from Ludwig the Springer . In the middle of the 12th century Konrad von Ballhausen was an important helper of Emperor Friedrich I in his Italian ventures. In 1170 the lords of Ballhausen appear as counts in imperial documents. 1258 a Eckard von Kleinballhausen is named. The latter is sometimes referred to as Wenigen- or Windischen-Balenhusen .

In the 13th century a pastor wrote Sigefridus Presb. de Balhusen or Siegfried (lifetime until about 1306) a world history ("Hystoria universalis Sifridi presbyteri indigni de Baluhusin villa Thuringie").

In 1297 both castles were pledged to the Archdiocese of Mainz . The owners of the castles and estates in Ballhausen changed frequently.

In 1851, Sebastian Lucius acquired from Karl v. Zech (1812–1889) the manor in Kleinballhausen . In 1882 his son Robert Lucius (ennobled: Robert Lucius von Ballhausen ) expanded the castle by two side wings and a tower. The latter was torn down after 1945, the middle section partially fell into disrepair. The castle was inhabited by refugee families and expropriated without compensation. The castle's valuable inventory, especially a collection of East Asian works of art, was lost in 1945. A large farm building has been preserved (2009), as well as a large park. The manor had 1,200 acres of good soil, extensive stables, a potato flake factory, a water mill, carp breeding, greenhouses and an inn. The last owner was Johann-Albrecht Freiherr Lucius von Ballhausen.

In 1860 Clara Lucius, a daughter of Sebastian Lucius, bought the von Reinhardt's manor " Der Rothe Hof " in Großballhausen with 750 acres. The neighboring “ Grüne Hof ” with 800 acres with large orchards also came into the possession of the Lucius family.

Großballhausen and Kleinballhausen belonged to the administrative office of Weißensee until 1815 . The decisions of the Congress of Vienna they came to Prussia and were in 1816 the district Weissensee in the administrative district of Erfurt the province of Saxony allocated to which they belonged to the 1944th

The rule "Ballhausen / Stoedten" (Lucius) consisted of the two manors in Großballhausen, the manor in Kleinballhausen and the manor Stödten east of Schwerstedt . All goods were expropriated without compensation through the land reform in 1945. The Green Court and the Stödten Estate were demolished on the basis of Order No. 209 of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany . A kindergarten moved into the Red Court. The farm has been owned by a wind power company since 2009.

In June 2019, a German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter plane, which was shot down between Christmas 1944 and New Year, was recovered from a crash funnel known in the community as the "bomb hole" . The pilot was able to save himself by parachuting. These single-seat fighters were used against the Allied bombers and their escort fighters.


The community was created on July 1, 1950 by amalgamating the towns of Groß Ballhausen and Klein Ballhausen.

Population development

In 1939 Großballhausen had 733 and Kleinballhausen 573 inhabitants (altogether 1306 inhabitants). In 2008 Ballhausen had a population of 926. In between there was a strong influx of displaced persons . In 2017, 836 people lived in the municipality.


Municipal council

The municipality of Ballhausen consists of eight councilors.

  • CDU / FWG 5 seats
  • Future community wheel 3 seats

(Status: Local elections in Thuringia 2019 )


The honorary mayor Uwe-Karsten Saalfeld was elected on June 6, 2010.

coat of arms

Blazon : “Split by gold and blue; topped with a twin rafter that encloses a woad wheel and is each side with a sphere (ball), all in confused colors. "



  • Village church of St Vitus , with surrounding churchyard. In front of the church there is a war memorial for those who fell in the First World War . On the outside wall of the north side of the church there are graves of the Lucius von Ballhausen family: Freiherr Robert Lucius von Ballhausen (1835–1914), Hellmuth Freiherr Lucius von Stödten (1869–1934), diplomat, Reinhart Freiherr Lucius von Ballhausen (1906–1996)
  • Rectory
  • Red Court


  • Village church St. Aegidus ; In the entrance to the church there is a name plaque “In memory of the fallen of World War II ”.
  • Kleinballhausen Castle : Former property. Central part in the facade and in the roof area greatly simplified after reconstruction.
  • Farm building of the former estate
  • Former manor park with animal enclosure



Ballhausen is crossed by the B 176. The previous railway connection no longer exists.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. Hans Patze (Ed.): Thuringia. 2nd, improved and supplemented edition. 1989, pp. 172-173.
  3. Robert von Lucius : The Erfurt family Lucius. In: Erfurt home letter . No. 37, 1978, pp. 28-37, here pp. 35-36.
  4. ^ The district of Weißensee in the municipality register 1900
  5. Robert von Lucius: The Erfurt family Lucius. In: Erfurt home letter. No. 37, 1978, pp. 28-37, here p. 36.
  6. ^ Hartmut Schwarz: 1800 HP preserved in the swamp. Fighter aircraft from the Second World War are to be the centerpiece of an exhibition in Ballhausen . Thuringian newspaper, July 13, 2019
  7. Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  8. City council election 2019 in Thuringia. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, accessed on July 6, 2019 .
  9. Local elections in Thuringia on June 6, 2010. Elections for community and city council members. Preliminary results. Retrieved June 6, 2010 .


Web links

Commons : Ballhausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files