The hardware trade is the trade in hardware and related products and tools. Hardware are articles of daily use which are mostly made of iron and which are sold as commercial goods both in retail and wholesale . These are, for example: tools , cutlery, fittings , chains , screws , various agricultural implements such as hoes or scythes . Hardware are a subgroup of hardware .
In the USA and Great Britain, the term ironmonger is widely used as a supplier of consumer goods, whereas in the USA it is now mainly understood to mean small and medium-sized hardware stores.
Many pieces of hardware that have been and are offered by the hardware store are designed for public, commercial and private use alike.
The hardware trade was already partially combined with the distribution of other trade products, such as B. housewares, bicycles, key and / or lock trade or services, coal trade, porcelain goods, etc. or an iron or iron processing craft , z. B. blacksmith or locksmith and accordingly finds the modern addition on a larger scale in hardware stores .
The iron goods trade has a long tradition. The trade in iron itself took place in the earliest times since it was possible to process the material around 1200 BC. The investigation of the trade in metals and metal objects or hardware gave and gives valuable insights into the earlier societies and trade relations.
Up until the Middle Ages, the local blacksmith remained an important source of supply for weapons, tools and implements made of iron, as well as the modest everyday objects for private use. With the industrial revolution and the introduction of mass production , iron goods became more readily available and the price level fell significantly, and specialized iron goods stores with their own product catalogs emerged (see also: Sauerland traveling traders ).
Over the years, some modern companies shifted the economic focus from the original iron trade and in some cases became world-famous companies with a wide variety of products, such as B. the hardware trade founded by Carl Benteler in Bielefeld in 1876 (see: Benteler (company) ), the company Debrunner Koenig Holding , Fa. AW Niemeyer , Fa. Oederlin or supplemented the portfolio with the hardware trade such as B. at the company Franz Haniel & Cie. of the later so-called industrial pioneer Franz Haniel . In Spain founded Manuel Agustín Heredia the first industrial Ironmongery (the 19th century).
- Association of German Hardware Dealers (VDE) / Central Association of Hardware Dealers
- Association of Austrian hardware and kitchen equipment dealers
- International Federation of Hardware and Iron Merchants' Associations
The newly sworn Lord Mayor of London takes part in the Lord Mayor's Show Parade ( Eng. " Lord Mayor's Parade ") . In this parade, the twelve largest company Livery Companies in part, including the guild of ironmonger ( Engl. " Worshipful Company of Ironmongers '), the velvet and silk merchant, the grocer, the cloth merchant, the fishmonger, the goldsmith, the tailor, the fur merchant, the clothing merchant, the salt merchant, the wine merchant and the fabric processor.
Well-known hardware store
- John Ballance (New Zealand politician , founder and editor of the Evening Herald in Wanganui , founder of the first New Zealand political party and the 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand ).
- Günther Benedikt (25th Mayor of St. Pölten ),
- Justus Robert Böker (German businessman , secret councilor and local politician ),
- Ezra Clark ( American politician ),
- Silas A. Conrad (American politician),
- Ole Christensen (Danish politician and member of the European Parliament ),
- Charles Henry Dietrich (American politician and the twelfth governor of Nebraska in 1901, representative of Nebraska in the US Senate between 1901 and 1905 ),
- John William Evans ( Australian politician and Premier of Tasmania from 1904 to 1909 ),
- David W. Finney (American politician and Lieutenant Governor of Kansas between 1881 and 1885 ),
- Wilder D. Foster (politician in the US House of Representatives ),
- Thomas B. Fugate (for Virginia in the United States House of Representatives from 1949 to 1953 ),
- Heinrich Gahrns ( German politician ( CDU )
- Thomas Garrett (American abolitionist , Quaker, and a leading figure on the Underground Railroad who helped escaped slaves escape to the Northern States ),
- Adelrich Gyr ( Swiss entrepreneur ),
- Adolph Kantorowicz (1836–1906), German hardware dealer and member of the state parliament in Poznan),
- William M. Ketchum (American politician and member of the United States House of Representatives for the State of California from 1973 to 1978 ),
- Richard Kirman (American politician and Governor of Nevada from 1935 to 1939 ),
- Gustav Krüger (German trade unionist and social democratic politician),
- Hanns Hermann Lagemann (German CDU politician ),
- Michael Liebel junior, (American politician),
- Günter Liebig (German LDPD politician and trade unionist ),
- Heinrich Lieser (entrepreneur, see also: Viktoriastift )
- William V. Marquis ( Lieutenant Governor of Ohio ),
- William Rainey Marshall (American politician and Governor of Minnesota from 1866 to 1870 ),
- Edward S. Minor (American politician who served in the United States House of Representatives for Wisconsin between 1895 and 1907 ),
- Ludwig Mohr (German poet , historian and local researcher ),
- Thomas Newcomen ( English inventor ),
- Allen Potter (American politician who served in the United States House of Representatives for Michigan between 1875 and 1877 ),
- Cornelius Roosevelt (American businessman, banker, and member of the Roosevelt family ),
- Franz Semer (German businessman and banker ),
- Charles L. Underhill (American politician),
- William D. Vincent (American politician and member of the United States House of Representatives for the fifth constituency of Kansas between 1897 and 1899 ).
- Charles W. Vursell (American politician),
Hardware trade in art
- Winter trip (film)
- The old musician (picture)
- Image of the hardware dealer Albert Pfleiderer-Coy by Ernst Bader
Hardware trade publications
- Eisenwaren-Zeitung , published by the Central Hardware Trade Association , Düsseldorf, from 1948, and
- Dietz, Communications for the Hardware Trade , 1913.
- Adolf Holzborn (ed.), The iron goods trade; A teaching u. Reference work for the trade in hardware and household and kitchen appliances , Nordhausen 1935, 2nd supplemented edition.
- Joseph Wathner, The complete connoisseur of iron goods and their symbols: or, Thorough and complete instructions for learning and knowledge of all iron goods articles that are always found, with the type of calculation and symbols for each individual type . Published by Joseph Wathner Eisenhandlungs-Commis, Grätz 1825, Google Books
- Central association hardware trade
- E / D / E - Purchasing Office German Iron Dealers GmbH
- EK / servicegroup
- e + h Services ( Switzerland )
- Hardware store
- Worshipful Company of Ironmongers
- IAWM teaching program for hardware dealers