Jug from Nidda

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of the Krug von Nidda

Krug von Nidda is the name of a noble family from Hesse . Members of the Krug family, who made their fortune as owners of the salt works, served as landgrave Hessian rent masters for the county of Nidda in the 17th century . They received a letter of arms in 1648 and in 1703 they were raised to the nobility. The family, some of whose branches still exist today, later acquired ownership and reputation in Prussia and Saxony .



In older literature it is assumed that the family descended from an old patrician dynasty from the cities of Basel and Erfurt . Accordingly, the family spread from Basel in Alsace and became possessions in the Wetterau in the 15th century .

According to the Genealogical Handbook of the Nobility , the Nidda jugs originally came from the Fulda monastery . They appear there for the first time in 1412 with Cort Crugk in Allmus and with Hans Crugk in Kleinsassen near Biberstein . The uninterrupted line of the family begins with Antonius (Thonges) Crugk (* around 1440). He was landgräflich Hessian mercenary in Sontra and died shortly before the 1524th

Lines and personalities

Around 1500 the family split into an Upper Hessian and a Lower Hessian line. Johann Daniel Krug (1623–1704), rector of the grammar school and first preacher in Hersfeld , came from the Lower Hessian line, which was located in and around Rotenburg an der Fulda . Heidenreich Krug (1526–1569), councilor of the Hessian landgraves and envoy, came from the Upper Hesse line.

The Landgrave Hessian official castle Nidda

The Hessian bailiff Roland Krug (* 1554) built and operated the salt pans in Salzhausen , Wisselsheim and Nieder-Mörlen in the Wetterau as well as in Großenlüder near Fulda and in Sulz in Lower Saxony . He had been rent master of the county of Nidda since 1596 and died in 1617. His grandson Ludwig Adolf (* 1608), landgrave Hessian rent master of the county of Nidda, and his brother Johann Reinhard Krug von Nidda (1627–1693), law student at the University of Strasbourg and later owner of the salt works , received on April 9, 1648 in Frankfurt am Main a letter of coat of arms from the imperial Count Johann Ludwig von Hagen. The former also received the salt works of Salzhausen, Niedermörlen and Soden as a fief . He died in 1662 as a Hessian salt count in Nidda and imperial water captain in the Wetterau.

The doctor of medicine Theodor Christoph Krug von Nidda (1653–1721), royal Prussian real court and mountain ridge , chief mountain director and first personal medicine as well as landgrave Hesse-Kassel mountain and body medicine, and his cousins ​​and sons of Johann Reinhard Krug von Nidda, who died in 1693, Friedrich Ludwig (1653–1720), Landgrave Hesse-darmstadt bailiff and director of the Krugische Salzwerke, Johann Reinhard (1655–1729), landgrave Hesse-darmstadt bailiff and Count Stollberger councilor and senior bailiff , Conrat Jacob, landgrave Hesse-darmstadt bailiff , and Andreas Ludwig Krug von Nidda (1678-1719) received on February 27, 1703 in Vienna a knightly imperial nobility confirmation with the predicate of Nidda . The first named Theodor Christoph Krug von Nidda received a Prussian recognition as a royal Prussian privy councilor by the highest cabinet order in Cölln on March 31 and on June 21, 1704 in Schönhausen . The diploma was issued on August 27, 1704 in Charlottenburg . Joachim Friedrich Krug also received a knightly imperial nobility confirmation from Nidda in Danzig on September 10, 1717 in Vienna.

The heyday of the Upper Hessian line ended in 1729 with the loss of the salt pans. Due to the division due to inheritance, an economic operation of the salt works became impossible. They were sold. One of the descendants of the Oberhessische Krug von Nidda was Georg Krug (1801–1878), who was president of the court in Darmstadt . His son Gustav Krug (1836–1918), Grand Ducal Hessian Chief Finance Councilor, was raised to the Grand Ducal Hessian nobility with von Nidda on October 8, 1890 in Darmstadt . His son Ernst Krug von Nidda (1866-1943) became President of the Oberversicherungsamt in Darmstadt.

Friedrich Albert Franz Krug von Nidda , poet, former captain of the Saxon cavalry, Herr auf Gatterstädt , died on March 29, 1843 in Gatterstädt [KB Gatterstädt, Sterbebuch 1843, p. 7, no. 5]. His brother Ludwig Krug von Nidda, royal Prussian major in the artillery, was district administrator in the district of Sangerhausen .

On October 16, 1888, the lawyer Friedrich Krug von Nidda received a royal Saxon permit to use the name of Falkenstein . It was hereditary to the respective owners of the Fideikommisse Frohburg and Kleineschefeld bei Borna . Linna Krug von Nidda, born Freiin von Falkenstein , Fideikommisherrin on Frohburg and Kleineschefeld, was entered on February 7, 1905 under the number 176 in the royal Saxon nobility book. Adelaide Krug von Nidda, born von Rönne, received an entry under the number 177 on February 8, 1905, as well as Hans Tassilo Krug von Nidda, royal Prussian captain under number 178 and Gustav Krug von Nidda, Grand Ducal Hessian Privy Councilor and Council of Ministers, under number 179.

The siblings Robert, lawyer in Marburg , Viktor, lawyer and syndic of the Farbwerke in Höchst , and Hedwig Krug were raised to the Prussian nobility of Krug von Nidda on October 23, 1911 at Potsdam / Neues Palais by the highest cabinet order. The diploma was issued on February 12, 1912 in Berlin .

The son of the royal Saxon lieutenant general and adjutant general Carl Krug von Nidda (1820–1880) from his marriage to Linna Konstanze Freiin von Falkenstein, Friedrich Krug von Nidda and von Falkenstein (1860–1934), Fideikommisherr on Frohburg and Kleineschefeld, received on 1. March 1924 a coat of arms association with that of the Barons von Falkenstein and an entry in the nobility book of the Saxon Foundation for Family Research. He was District Chief of Dresden and was 1927-1930 Saxon Minister of Economic Affairs. On September 24, 1892, he married Elisabeth Marie Konstanze von Thümmel. The couple had two sons and three daughters. Friedrich's brother Hans Krug von Nidda (1857-1922) was a Saxon officer , most recently general of the cavalry and commanding general of the XII. Army Corps in World War I.

A family association exists in accordance with the gender regulations of September 16, 1890, July 13, 1892 and March 18, 1912.


In 1748 members of the family zu Döllnitz in the Saalkreis and zu Gatterstädt near Querfurt owned. In 1801 Volkstedt in the Mansfelder Seekreis , as well as the goods Parey, Rhäsen and Güttern in the district of Jerichow II were owned or partially owned by the family, the latter until 1854. In East Prussia the Krug von Nidda in the district of Mohrungen belonged to goods in Altstadt , Münsterberg, Pachollen and Göckelwitz .

Linna Krug von Nidda, nee Freiin von Falkenstein , wife of Carl Krug von Nidda (1820–1880), was a fideikommisherrin at Schloss Frohburg and Kleineschefeld, then her son Friedrich Krug von Nidda and von Falkenstein (1860–1934).

In 2010, Bodo Krug von Nidda acquired the Roskow manor in Brandenburg.

coat of arms

Coats of arms from 1648, 1703, 1890 and 1912

The coat of arms shows in gold a silver-ribbed blue star covered with a bulbous, handleless, ore-colored jug. On the helmet with black and gold covers an open black flight , gold on the right and two stars on the left .

Coat of arms from 1924

Coat of arms from 1924

The coat of arms is quartered and covered with a blue central shield with a silver jug ​​inside. 1 and 4 in black silver two stars next to each other, 2 and 3 in a silver hermelingestulpter red Spitzhut (similar to that of Falk stone) which is equipped with four black cock springs. The coat of arms has three helmets, on the right one with black and silver covers a silver star between two black buffalo horns , on the middle one with blue and silver covers an open blue flight with a silver jug ​​on both sides. On the left helmet with red and silver helmet covers of the pointed hat.

Coat of arms history

The coat of arms appears on imprints of seals , but in different variants. Some prints show the star with a jug or with a goblet, which is sometimes marked with a cross. The stars on the left wing appear in different arrangements.

According to Kneschke's coat of arms of the German baronial and aristocratic families (1859), the coat of arms shows a six-pointed star in a golden shield, on the right of silver and blue, on the left of silver and black, in the rays of lengthwise with alternating colors, the one with a right-facing , silver jug ​​is occupied. On the shield is a crowned helmet, which wears an open eagle flight, the right wing of which is golden, the left black and covered with two six-pointed golden stars standing next to each other. The helmet covers are black and gold.

According to the New Prussian Adelslexicon (1839) there is a silver cross in the star. In the Dresden calendar (1849), a golden goblet covered with a silver cross appears in the center of the star. The Book of Arms of the Saxon States II divides the star covered with a jug from the upper beam starting in silver and blue.

Known family members


Commons : Krug von Nidda  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c New General German Adels Lexicon Volume 5, p. 305.
  2. a b New Prussian Adelslexicon Supplement - Volume 1, pp. 209–291.
  3. ^ Titles register of the parish Margretenhaun near Fulda
  4. a b c d e f Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume VII, Volume 97 of the complete series, pp. 44–45.
  5. a b Editor:  Krug von Nidda. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 13, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1982, ISBN 3-428-00194-X , p. 115 f. ( Digitized version ).
  6. a b c The coats of arms of the German baronial and aristocratic families , Volume 1, pp. 249–250.
  7. ^ 150 years of the Corps Palatia Bonn 1838–1988 . Bonn 1998, p. 18.