Hall circle

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the hall circle Map of Germany, position of the Saalkreis highlighted
Basic data (as of 2007)
Existing period: 1990-2007
State : Saxony-Anhalt
Administrative headquarters : Halle (Saale)
Area : 605.9 km 2
Residents: 75,457 (Jun 30, 2007)
Population density : 125 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : SK
Circle key : 15 2 65
Circle structure: 40 parishes
Address of the
district administration:
Wilhelm-Külz-Strasse 10
06108 Halle (Saale)
District Administrator : Knut Bichoel ( CDU )
Location of the Saalkreis in Saxony-Anhalt
About this picture

The Saalkreis was a district in the south of the state of Saxony-Anhalt . On July 1, 2007, it was merged with the Merseburg-Querfurt district to form the new Saale district as part of the district reform in Saxony-Anhalt . Neighboring districts were the districts of Bernburg , Köthen and Bitterfeld in the north, the Saxon district of Delitzsch in the east, the district of Merseburg-Querfurt in the south and the district of Mansfelder Land in the west . The circle enclosed the independent city of Halle (Saale) , which was the seat of the circle.

The Saalkreis had existed in the Duchy of Magdeburg since early modern times and in the Prussian province of Saxony since 1816 .


The Salza flows through the former area of ​​the Saalkreis as well as the Saale . Other small rivers are the Laweke , Würde , Kabelske , Strengbach and Götsche . While hills and incised valleys predominate in the western part of the area, the north and east are characterized by flat plains. The Petersberg near Halle is 250.4  m above sea level. NN the highest elevation of the former Saalkreis and lies in its northeast.

Administrative history

Duchy of Magdeburg

Hall circle (Duchy of Magdeburg)
Cities of the Saalkreis in the Duchy of Magdeburg (blue) around 1790, background: map of today's Saxony-Anhalt (gray)

The holdings of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg in the area of ​​Halle were summarized under the name "Saalkreis" , which since 1680 belonged to Brandenburg-Prussia with the now secular Duchy of Magdeburg . In 1790 the Saalkreis comprised the following cities and communities:

In 1807, in the Peace of Tilsit , Prussia also lost the Saalkreis to the French Empire , from which the Prussian areas on the middle Elbe were assigned to the newly founded Kingdom of Westphalia . There the district area belonged to the newly formed Halle district of the Saale department .

Prussian Province of Saxony

After Napoleon's defeat, the Prussian king and his "old provinces" took possession of the hall again. In 1815, the province of Saxony was formed from this "old property" from the time before 1807 and the Saxon areas acquired due to the regulations of the Congress of Vienna , and the district of Merseburg was restored as the lower administrative authority on October 1, 1816 with modified borders:

The district office of the Saalkreis was initially in Wettin .

On November 10, 1819, the vineyards between Gimritz and Passendorf, the Gimritzer and the Kreuzschäferei, the Freiimfelde manor and the village of Wörmlitz were reclassified into the Halle district.

On July 1, 1828, the rural part of the Halle urban district, including the villages of Böllberg, Diemitz, Giebichenstein and Wörmlitz, returned to the Saalkreis. On October 1, 1833, the district office was relocated from Wettin to Halle.

From July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation as part of the Kingdom of Prussia and to the German Empire from January 1, 1871 . On August 10, 1876, the Freiimfelde manor district was incorporated from the Saalkreis to Halle. On April 1, 1900, the rural communities of Cröllwitz , Giebichenstein and Trotha and the Gimritz manor district transferred from the Saalkreis to Halle.

On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the Saalkreis, in line with developments in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities.

The municipality of Ammendorf received town charter on December 15, 1937. On April 1, 1942, the community of Löbnitz an der Linde, which had previously belonged to the Saalkreis, was reclassified to the Dessau-Köthen district of the State of Anhalt to eliminate exclaves .

As part of the former administrative district of Merseburg , the district has belonged to the new province of Halle-Merseburg since the dissolution of the Province of Saxony with effect from July 1, 1944 . In the spring of 1945, the district was initially occupied by US forces.


On July 1, 1950, the GDR underwent its first regional reform:

During the district and district reform in the GDR in 1952, the delimitation was changed slightly again:

For the hall circle in the Halle district of the GDR see

Federal Republic of Germany

After reunification , the Saalkreis belonged to the Halle administrative district of Saxony-Anhalt. During the district reform of 1994 , the Dornstedt community moved from the Querfurt district to the Saalkreis. On August 1, 2004, the three municipalities of Döllnitz , Hohenweiden and Lochau left the Saalkreis and were incorporated into the municipality of Schkopau in what was then the district of Merseburg-Querfurt . As part of the district reform of 2007 , the Saalkreis was merged with the Merseburg-Querfurt district to form the Saalekreis .

Population development

year Residents source
1816 27,149
1843 40.126
1871 61,679
1890 82,835
1900 69,921
1910 81,683
1925 88,068
1933 93,513
1939 98,633
1946 123.122
1955 94,600
1960 89,451
1971 80,962
1981 70,436
1990 64,400
2000 82,000
2007 75,457

District administrators

  • 1680–1681 Hans von Dieskau († 1681)
  • 1681–1711 Karl von Dieskau († 1727)
  • 1711–1719 Karl von Dieskau
  • 1719–1723 full councilor Ludolf von Krosigk
  • 1723–1741 Andreas Friedrich von Pawlowski († 1741)
  • 1741–1754 Karl Andreas von Schomberg
  • 1754–1770 from Taubenheim
  • 1771–1775 Christoph Friedrich from the Winckel
  • 1776–1794 Ferdinand Anton von Krosigk
  • 1795–1806 Gottlob Heinrich Magnus von Wedell

Local constitution until 1945

The Saalkreis was divided into cities, into rural communities and - until their almost complete dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German municipal code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced on April 1, 1935 at the municipal level . On February 15, 1937, the municipality of Ammendorf was given the designation "City". A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved by the Ministry of the Interior on March 13, 1995, and the coat of arms awarded on May 31, 1937 was confirmed.

Blazon : “Quartered; Field 1 and 4: divided by red and silver, field 2: in gold a black lion armed in red, field 3: in gold two blue stakes. "

Cities and municipalities until 1950

As of 1950

Before the regional reform of 1950, four towns and 79 other municipalities belonged to the Saalkreis:

Municipalities dissolved or eliminated before 1950

Name changes

In the course of the 20th century, some spellings with "c" were eliminated: 1911:

  • Skilled → Skilled


  • Canena → Kanena
  • Custrena → Kustrena
  • Mucrena → Mukrena

Cities and municipalities 1990–2007

Administrative structure 2007

(Population figures as of December 31, 2006)

Unified municipalities

Administrative communities with their member communities
Seat of the administrative community *

  1. Brachstedt (915)
  2. Götschetal [seat: Wallwitz ] * (5863)
  3. Krosigk (874)
  4. Kütten (422)
  5. Morl (920)
  6. Ostrau (1260)
  7. Petersberg (690)
  1. Braschwitz (1264)
  2. Hohenthurm (1916)
  3. Landsberg , City * (8518)
  4. Niemberg (1482)
  5. Oppin (1551)
  6. Pissing (1071)
  7. Schwerz (541)
  1. Brachwitz (1009)
  2. Doblitz (189)
  3. Domnitz (806)
  4. Chimney (360)
  5. Gimritz (364)
  6. Löbejün , town (2287)
  7. Nauendorf (1835)
  8. Neutz-Lettewitz (913)
  9. Roach (760)
  10. Rothenburg (867)
  11. Wettin , City * (2076)
  1. Beesenstedt (1266)
  2. Bennstedt (1497)
  3. Fienstedt (236)
  4. Kloschwitz (478)
  5. Lieskau (2652)
  6. Salzmuende * (2486)
  7. Schochwitz (1251)
  8. Zappendorf (1543)
  1. Angersdorf (1195)
  2. Dornstedt (752)
  3. Höhnstedt (1584)
  4. Long bow (2622)
  5. Steuden (955)
  6. Teutschenthal * (9397)

Territory changes since 1995

Since 1995 there have been many changes of area in the Saalkreis.

Of the original nine administrative communities, there were five administrative communities when the district was dissolved. At the same time, the number of parishes decreased from 59 to 40.

Changes in administrative communities

Changes at the community level

Name changes

License Plate

At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinguishing mark SK . It is still issued in the Saalekreis today.


  • Hanns Gringmuth: The organization of the authorities in the Duchy of Magdeburg - its development and integration into the Brandenburg-Prussian state. Dissertation at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg 1934.
  • Johann Ludwig von Heineccius: Detailed topographical description of the Duchy of Magdeburg and the County of Mansfeld, Magdeburgische Antheils. Decker, Berlin 1785.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1816, p. 333
  2. ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1819, p. 474
  3. ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1828, p. 155
  4. ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative region of Merseburg, p. 341 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
  5. ^ Handbook of the Province of Saxony . Rubachsche Buchhandlung, Magdeburg 1843, Neustadt-Magdeburg, p. 239 ( digitized version [accessed June 6, 2016]).
  6. Royal Statistical Office of Prussia (ed.): The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . The municipalities and manor districts of the Province of Saxony. Publishing house d. Royal Extra Bureaus, Berlin 1873 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
  7. a b c d e f g h i j Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. saalkreis.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. 1946 census
  9. a b Statistical Yearbooks of the German Democratic Republic. In: DigiZeitschriften. Retrieved October 6, 2009 .
  10. ^ Statistical yearbooks of the Federal Republic of Germany. In: DigiZeitschriften. Retrieved July 6, 2016 .
  11. State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, monthly issue 11/2007