|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Basic data (as of 2007)|
|Administrative headquarters :||Halle (Saale)|
|Area :||605.9 km 2|
|Residents:||75,457 (Jun 30, 2007)|
|Population density :||125 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||SK|
|Circle key :||15 2 65|
|Circle structure:||40 parishes|
|Address of the
06108 Halle (Saale)
|District Administrator :||Knut Bichoel ( CDU )|
|Location of the Saalkreis in Saxony-Anhalt|
The Saalkreis was a district in the south of the state of Saxony-Anhalt . On July 1, 2007, it was merged with the Merseburg-Querfurt district to form the new Saale district as part of the district reform in Saxony-Anhalt . Neighboring districts were the districts of Bernburg , Köthen and Bitterfeld in the north, the Saxon district of Delitzsch in the east, the district of Merseburg-Querfurt in the south and the district of Mansfelder Land in the west . The circle enclosed the independent city of Halle (Saale) , which was the seat of the circle.
The Saalkreis had existed in the Duchy of Magdeburg since early modern times and in the Prussian province of Saxony since 1816 .
The Salza flows through the former area of the Saalkreis as well as the Saale . Other small rivers are the Laweke , Würde , Kabelske , Strengbach and Götsche . While hills and incised valleys predominate in the western part of the area, the north and east are characterized by flat plains. The Petersberg near Halle is 250.4 m above sea level. NN the highest elevation of the former Saalkreis and lies in its northeast.
Duchy of Magdeburg
Cities of the Saalkreis in the Duchy of Magdeburg (blue) around 1790, background: map of today's Saxony-Anhalt (gray)
The holdings of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg in the area of Halle were summarized under the name "Saalkreis" , which since 1680 belonged to Brandenburg-Prussia with the now secular Duchy of Magdeburg . In 1790 the Saalkreis comprised the following cities and communities:
- Halle (Saale) as the only directly to the Duchy of Magdeburg imputed Immediatstadt in Saalkreis,
- the four cities of Alsleben (which changed to the Mansfelder Seekreis in 1816 ), Könnern , Löbejün , Wettin ,
- the cities of Glaucha and Neumarkt , which were incorporated into Halle in 1817 but were still independent at the time ,
- the royal offices of Giebichenstein (now part of Halle), Beesen (now part of Könnern), Brachwitz , Rothenburg , Petersberg and Wettin ,
- the Princely Anhalt Office of Alsleben and
- 174 further villages and towns under aristocratic or ecclesiastical patrimonial jurisdiction .
In 1807, in the Peace of Tilsit , Prussia also lost the Saalkreis to the French Empire , from which the Prussian areas on the middle Elbe were assigned to the newly founded Kingdom of Westphalia . There the district area belonged to the newly formed Halle district of the Saale department .
Prussian Province of Saxony
After Napoleon's defeat, the Prussian king and his "old provinces" took possession of the hall again. In 1815, the province of Saxony was formed from this "old property" from the time before 1807 and the Saxon areas acquired due to the regulations of the Congress of Vienna , and the district of Merseburg was restored as the lower administrative authority on October 1, 1816 with modified borders:
- The cities of Glaucha and Neumarkt as well as the places Böllberg , Diemitz and Giebichenstein as well as the Vorwerk Gimritz moved to the urban district of Halle.
- The village of Spröda moved to the Delitzsch district.
- Several farms moved to the Bitterfeld district.
- The villages of Beidersee , Burg, Frößnitz , Rosenfeld and Westewitz came from the old Saxon office of Delitzsch to the Saalkreis.
- The village of Döllnitz came to the Saalkreis from the old Saxon office of Merseburg .
The district office of the Saalkreis was initially in Wettin .
On November 10, 1819, the vineyards between Gimritz and Passendorf, the Gimritzer and the Kreuzschäferei, the Freiimfelde manor and the village of Wörmlitz were reclassified into the Halle district.
On July 1, 1828, the rural part of the Halle urban district, including the villages of Böllberg, Diemitz, Giebichenstein and Wörmlitz, returned to the Saalkreis. On October 1, 1833, the district office was relocated from Wettin to Halle.
From July 1, 1867, the district belonged to the North German Confederation as part of the Kingdom of Prussia and to the German Empire from January 1, 1871 . On August 10, 1876, the Freiimfelde manor district was incorporated from the Saalkreis to Halle. On April 1, 1900, the rural communities of Cröllwitz , Giebichenstein and Trotha and the Gimritz manor district transferred from the Saalkreis to Halle.
On September 30, 1929, a regional reform took place in the Saalkreis, in line with developments in the rest of the Free State of Prussia , in which all independent manor districts were dissolved and assigned to neighboring rural communities.
The municipality of Ammendorf received town charter on December 15, 1937. On April 1, 1942, the community of Löbnitz an der Linde, which had previously belonged to the Saalkreis, was reclassified to the Dessau-Köthen district of the State of Anhalt to eliminate exclaves .
As part of the former administrative district of Merseburg , the district has belonged to the new province of Halle-Merseburg since the dissolution of the Province of Saxony with effect from July 1, 1944 . In the spring of 1945, the district was initially occupied by US forces.
On July 1, 1950, the GDR underwent its first regional reform:
- The municipalities of Kütten (with Drobitz ), Mösthinsdorf , Plötz (with Kösseln ) and Ostrau (with Werderthau ) moved from the district of Bitterfeld to the Saalkreis.
- The communities of Beesenstedt , Bennstedt , Fienstedt , Höhnstedt , Kloschwitz , Langenbogen , Salzmünde , Schochwitz , Steuden , Teutschenthal , Wansleben am See and Zappendorf moved from the Mansfelder Seekreis to the Saalkreis.
- The community of Angersdorf moved from the district of Merseburg to the Saalkreis.
- The town of Landsberg and the communities of Bageritz , Benndorf , Dölbau , Gollma , Gütz , Klepzig , Kockwitz , Lohnsdorf , Naundorf b moved from the Delitzsch district . Reideburg , Queis , Reinsdorf , Reussen , Sietzsch , Wiedersdorf , Wiesenena and Zwebendorf in the Saalkreis.
- The city of Ammendorf and the municipalities of Bruckdorf , Büschdorf , Dautzsch , Diemitz , Dölau , Kanena , Lettin , Mötzig , Nietleben , Reideburg , Seeben , Tornau and Wörmlitz-Böllberg left the Saalkreis and were incorporated into the independent city of Halle.
- The town of Könnern and the communities of Beesenlaublingen , Edlau , Garsena , Golbitz , Kustrena , Lebendorf , Mukrena , Trebitz b. Könnern , Trebnitz and Unterpeißen were reclassified from the Saalkreis to the district of Bernburg .
- The municipality of Pritschöna was reclassified from the Saalkreis to the district of Merseburg .
- The Wieskau community was reclassified from the Saalkreis to the Köthen district .
During the district and district reform in the GDR in 1952, the delimitation was changed slightly again:
- The communities Beuditz, Hohenweiden and Holleben moved from the district of Merseburg to the Saalkreis.
- The municipality of Wansleben am See moved from the Saalkreis to the Eisleben district .
- The Wiesenena community moved from the Saalkreis to the Delitzsch district in the Leipzig district .
- The hall circle was assigned to the new Halle district .
For the hall circle in the Halle district of the GDR see
Federal Republic of Germany
After reunification , the Saalkreis belonged to the Halle administrative district of Saxony-Anhalt. During the district reform of 1994 , the Dornstedt community moved from the Querfurt district to the Saalkreis. On August 1, 2004, the three municipalities of Döllnitz , Hohenweiden and Lochau left the Saalkreis and were incorporated into the municipality of Schkopau in what was then the district of Merseburg-Querfurt . As part of the district reform of 2007 , the Saalkreis was merged with the Merseburg-Querfurt district to form the Saalekreis .
- 1680–1681 Hans von Dieskau († 1681)
- 1681–1711 Karl von Dieskau († 1727)
- 1711–1719 Karl von Dieskau
- 1719–1723 full councilor Ludolf von Krosigk
- 1723–1741 Andreas Friedrich von Pawlowski († 1741)
- 1741–1754 Karl Andreas von Schomberg
- 1754–1770 from Taubenheim
- 1771–1775 Christoph Friedrich from the Winckel
- 1776–1794 Ferdinand Anton von Krosigk
- 1795–1806 Gottlob Heinrich Magnus von Wedell
- 1816–1833 Dedo von Krosigk
- 1833–1852 Wilhelm von Bassewitz
- 1852–1898 Curt von Krosigk
- 1892–1899 Nikolaus von Werder
- 1899–1919 Dietrich Anton Wilhelm von Krosigk
- 1919–1921 Adolf Thiele
- 1921–1928 Gerhard Müller
- 1928–1932 Otto Streicher , spent 12 years in concentration camps and died in Auschwitz
- 1932–1933 Erich Kirschbaum
- 1933–1945 Hans Bielenberg
- 1990-2007 Knut Bichoel
Local constitution until 1945
The Saalkreis was divided into cities, into rural communities and - until their almost complete dissolution in 1929 - into independent manor districts. With the introduction of the Prussian Municipal Constitutional Act of December 15, 1933, there was a uniform municipal constitution for all Prussian municipalities from January 1, 1934. With the introduction of the German municipal code of January 30, 1935, the leader principle was enforced on April 1, 1935 at the municipal level . On February 15, 1937, the municipality of Ammendorf was given the designation "City". A new district constitution was no longer created; The district regulations for the provinces of East and West Prussia, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and Saxony from March 19, 1881 continued to apply.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved by the Ministry of the Interior on March 13, 1995, and the coat of arms awarded on May 31, 1937 was confirmed.
Blazon : “Quartered; Field 1 and 4: divided by red and silver, field 2: in gold a black lion armed in red, field 3: in gold two blue stakes. "
Cities and municipalities until 1950
As of 1950
Before the regional reform of 1950, four towns and 79 other municipalities belonged to the Saalkreis:
- Ammendorf , city
- Large sphere
- Small ball
- Skills , city
- Löbejün , city
- Rivet life
- Trebitz b. Skills
- Feed in
- Wettin , city
Municipalities dissolved or eliminated before 1950
- Beesen , 1917 in Ammendorf.
- Bennewitz , 1938 in Benndorf
- Böllberg , 1928 to Wörmlitz-Böllberg
- Castle near Reideburg , in the 1920s to Reideburg
- Castle in the Aue , 1920 to Ammendorf
- Cröllwitz , 1900 in Halle
- Dachritz , 1938 in Wallwitz
- Deutleben , 1938 to Neutz
- Liberty Oppin , 1921 to Oppin
- Frößnitz , 1938 to Petersberg
- Giebichenstein , 1900 to Halle
- Görbitz , 1938 zu Lettewitz
- Groitsch , 1938 on Teicha
- Harsdorf , to Oppin in 1921
- Hohen , in 1938 in Brachstedt
- Inwend , 1921 to Oppin
- Chapel end , in Reideburg in the 1920s
- Lehndorf , 1936 to Teicha
- Löbnitz an der Götsche , 1936 to Teicha
- Löbnitz an der Linde , 1942 to the Dessau-Köthen district
- Mitteledlau , 1938 to Kirchedlau
- Obermaschwitz , 1938 to Maschwitz
- Osendorf , 1920 to Ammendorf
- Osmünde , 1938 to Gröbers
- Planena , 1920 to Ammendorf
- Pranitz , 1921 to Oppin
- Rabatz , 1938 on Peißen
- Radewell , 1920 to Ammendorf
- Raunitz , 1938 to Gimritz
- Rosenfeld , 1928 to Hohenthurm
- Schönnewitz , to Reideburg in the 1920s
- Schwoitsch , 1938 to Gröbers
- Sieglitz , in Hohenedlau in 1938
- Sylbitz , in Wallwitz in 1938
- Trebitz am Petersberge , in 1938 in Wallwitz
- Trotha , 1900 in Halle
- Untermaschwitz , 1938 to Maschwitz
- Wesenitz , 1938 in Lochau
- Westewitz , in Wallwitz in 1938
- Wörmlitz , to Wörmlitz-Böllberg in 1928
- Wurp , in 1938 in Brachstedt
In the course of the 20th century, some spellings with "c" were eliminated: 1911:
- Skilled → Skilled
- Canena → Kanena
- Custrena → Kustrena
- Mucrena → Mukrena
Cities and municipalities 1990–2007
Administrative structure 2007
(Population figures as of December 31, 2006)
- 1. Kabelsketal [seat: Gröbers ] (9045)
Administrative communities with their member communities
Seat of the administrative community *
Territory changes since 1995
Since 1995 there have been many changes of area in the Saalkreis.
Of the original nine administrative communities, there were five administrative communities when the district was dissolved. At the same time, the number of parishes decreased from 59 to 40.
Changes in administrative communities
- Change of the community Hohenweiden from the administrative community Westliche Saaleaue and the communities Döllnitz and Lochau from the administrative community Kabelske-Tal to the community Schkopau in the district Merseburg-Querfurt (August 1, 2004)
- New formation of the Saalkreis Nord administrative association from the Nördlicher Saalkreis administrative association and the Wettin administrative association (incorporation of the Kloschwitz municipality into the Western Saalkreis administrative association ) (January 1, 2005; name since October 13, 2005)
- New formation of the administrative community Östlicher Saalkreis from the administrative community Saalkreis-Ost and the administrative community Landsberg (January 1, 2005; name since August 18, 2005)
- Dissolution of VG Westliche Saaleaue - incorporation of the Angersdorf community into the Würde / Salza administrative community ; Incorporation of the other two member communities to Teutschenthal (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the VG Kabelske-Tal - formation of the unified municipality Kabelsketal (incorporation of the municipality Queis into Landsberg ) (January 1, 2005)
- Change of the municipality Brachstedt from the VG Östlicher Saalkreis to the administrative community Götschetal-Petersberg (March 30, 2006)
Changes at the community level
- Dissolution of the communities of Holleben and Zscherben - incorporation into Teutschenthal (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the Mösthinsdorf community - incorporation into Ostrau (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the municipalities Queis, Sietzsch and Spickendorf - incorporation into Landsberg (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of the Reußen community - incorporation into Landsberg (February 17, 2005)
- Reconstruction of the Götschetal community from the communities of Gutenberg , Nehlitz , Sennewitz , Teicha and Wallwitz (Saalkreis) (July 1, 2006)
- from Wallwitz to Wallwitz (Saalkreis) (January 1, 1998)
At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinguishing mark SK . It is still issued in the Saalekreis today.
- Hanns Gringmuth: The organization of the authorities in the Duchy of Magdeburg - its development and integration into the Brandenburg-Prussian state. Dissertation at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg 1934.
- Johann Ludwig von Heineccius: Detailed topographical description of the Duchy of Magdeburg and the County of Mansfeld, Magdeburgische Antheils. Decker, Berlin 1785.
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1816, p. 333
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1819, p. 474
- ^ Official Journal of the Royal Government of Merseburg 1828, p. 155
- ^ Christian Gottfried Daniel Stein: Handbook of Geography and Statistics of the Prussian State . Vossische Buchhandlung, Berlin 1819, The administrative region of Merseburg, p. 341 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- ^ Handbook of the Province of Saxony . Rubachsche Buchhandlung, Magdeburg 1843, Neustadt-Magdeburg, p. 239 ( digitized version [accessed June 6, 2016]).
- ↑ Royal Statistical Office of Prussia (ed.): The municipalities and manor districts of the Prussian state and their population . The municipalities and manor districts of the Province of Saxony. Publishing house d. Royal Extra Bureaus, Berlin 1873 ( digitized version [accessed on May 5, 2016]).
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. saalkreis.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- ↑ 1946 census
- ↑ a b Statistical Yearbooks of the German Democratic Republic. In: DigiZeitschriften. Retrieved October 6, 2009 .
- ^ Statistical yearbooks of the Federal Republic of Germany. In: DigiZeitschriften. Retrieved July 6, 2016 .
- ↑ State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, monthly issue 11/2007