District of Schönebeck
|coat of arms||map|
|Administrative headquarters :||Schönebeck (Elbe)|
|Area :||460.44 km²|
|Residents :||70,912 (December 31, 2006)|
|Population density :||154 inhabitants per km²|
|Circle key :||15 3 67|
|License plate :||SBK|
|Circle structure:||24 municipalities|
|Address of the
|Last District Administrator :||Erik Hunker ( independent )|
Neighboring districts were the urban district of Magdeburg and the district of Jerichower Land in the north, the district of Anhalt-Zerbst in the east, the districts of Köthen and Bernburg in the south and the district of Aschersleben-Staßfurt and the Bördekreis in the west .
Before 1990 Schönebeck was one of the industrial centers of the Magdeburg district . In addition to the construction of agricultural machinery in the former tractor plant, diesel engine construction and the chemical industry dominated. A large number of jobs were lost due to the industrial change after reunification and the associated structural changes in the region. In the mid-1990s, industrial cores began to develop again positively. These included, for example, special vehicle construction, the automotive supply industry, the chemical industry and the manufacture of sports and hunting ammunition. Since 2006, InnoMed GmbH has developed in the former spa hotel in Bad Salzelmen, a start-up center for medical technology and rehabilitation.
In 1816 the district of Calbe a./S was established in the Schönebeck area . The first district reform in the GDR was carried out in 1950 . In the then state of Saxony-Anhalt , a new district of Schönebeck was formed from the previously independent town of Schönebeck and the district of Calbe. Schönebeck became a district town, later a regional center and district seat for the district. In 1952 there was another district reform in which, among other things, the states in the GDR were dissolved and replaced by districts . The district of Schönebeck gave several communities to the new districts of Bernburg , Köthen and Staßfurt . From the largest part of the district, together with some communities from the old districts of Burg and Bernburg, the district of Schönebeck was formed, which was assigned to the newly formed district of Magdeburg .
After the reunification of the two German states, the Schönebeck district became the Schönebeck district in the re-established state of Saxony-Anhalt in 1990 . In the district reform that took place on July 1, 2007, the district of Schönebeck was combined with the district of Aschersleben-Staßfurt and the district of Bernburg to form the new salt district .
coat of arms
Blazon : "In red over a five-fold blue waved silver drawbar, a silver crenellated castle wall, three silver crenellated towers towering behind it, the middle tower raised."
cities and communes
(Resident on December 31, 2006)
Administrative communities with their member communities
Headquarters of the administrative association *
Since 1990 there have been many changes in the area in the Schönebeck district.
Of the original 5 administrative communities, there were still 3 administrative communities when the district was dissolved. At the same time, the number of parishes decreased from 30 to 24.
Changes in administrative communities
- Inclusion of the community of Atzendorf from the administrative community of Eastern Börde into the community of Förderstedt in the administrative community of Southern Börde (March 10, 2004)
- Formation of the administrative community Südöstliches Bördeland from the administrative communities Bördeland and Östliche Börde (September 30, 2004)
- Formation of the Elbe-Saale administrative community from the Elbe-Saale-Winkel and EL-SA-TA-L administrative communities (January 1, 2005)
- Dissolution of VG Südliche Börde - incorporation of the member communities into the community of Förderstedt, which becomes a unified community (May 18, 2006)
Changes at the community level
- Dissolution of the communities of Trabitz and Schwarz - incorporation into Calbe (April 1, 1994)
- Dissolution of the communities of Pechau and Randau-Calenberge - incorporation into Magdeburg (July 1, 1994)
- Dissolution of the community of Löbnitz (Bode) - incorporation into Förderstedt (January 29, 2004)
- Dissolution of the community Atzendorf - incorporation into Förderstedt (March 10, 2004)
- Dissolution of the municipalities of Brumby and Glöthe - incorporation into Förderstedt (May 18, 2006)
- from Klein Mühlingen to Kleinmühlingen (January 1, 1998)
At the beginning of 1991 the district received the distinctive sign SBK . It was issued through June 30, 2007. Due to the license plate liberalization , it has been available in the Salzlandkreis since November 27, 2012.