district of Halle (Saale)
|Coordinates||51 ° 29 '18 " N , 11 ° 53' 23" E.|
|Residents||2564 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||883 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation||Jul 1, 1950|
Nietleben is a district in the West district of Halle (Saale) , Saxony-Anhalt . On December 31, 2019, it had 2,564 inhabitants.
The district is located on the north-western edge of Halle-Neustadt in the western district of Halle. The forest area of the Dölauer Heide begins directly north of Nietleben . A road crosses it from Nietleben in the direction of Dölau and the municipality of Salzatal . In the southwest is the village of Zscherben in the municipality of Teutschenthal .
Nietleben itself consists of the old village of Nietleben, which extends east-west along Eislebener Straße. There is also the younger Gartenstadt Nietleben settlement in the east . The village of Granau once lay to the west of Nietleben .
In the central north of the district lies the Heidesee . This represents a renatured open- cast lignite mine . There is an outdoor swimming pool at Heidesee, which is open in the summer months.
In 2015, the city of Halle published statistical key figures on the individual city districts and districts in its population catalog. According to this, the population of Nietleben had an average age of 48.7 years in 2015. Furthermore, the proportion of women was 50.5%. The proportion of foreigners was 1.7%. The unemployment rate was 3.0% in 2015 and there were 520 cars per 1000 inhabitants.
Nietleben itself hardly has any major traffic routes. In the east, the connecting road from Halle-Neustadt and Dölau crosses the district. To the southwest, the federal highway 80 leads past Nietleben. This will finally be expanded without crossing . In the west there is a connection to the federal motorway 143 . This already leads south to the A 38 . An extension to the A 14 in the north has been planned for years, but is being prevented by environmental groups.
Nietleben owns a station for the S-Bahn in Central Germany . This is on the Merseburg – Halle-Nietleben railway , or on the old Halle Klaustor – Hettstedt railway . From here, trips to Halle main station are possible. The city quarter will continue to be developed by the buses of the Halleschen Verkehrs-AG . Further south there are tram stops in Halle-Neustadt with connections to the inner city of Halle .
The founding of the Slavic village on the southern edge of the Dölauer Heide urban forest was first mentioned in a document in 1371. It was a peasant and colonist village until industrialization in the 19th century. Nietleben belonged to the Giebichenstein office in the hall circle of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg . In 1680 the place came with the Saalkreis to the Duchy of Magdeburg under Brandenburg-Prussian rule. With the Peace of Tilsit in 1807 Nietleben was incorporated into the Kingdom of Westphalia and assigned to the Halle district in the Saale department. The place belonged to the canton Halle-Land . After Napoleon's defeat and the end of the Kingdom of Westphalia, Napoleon's allied opponents liberated the Saalkreis in early October 1813. During the political reorganization after the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the place was attached to the administrative district of Merseburg in the Prussian province of Saxony and assigned to the Saalkreis.
In the 1880s, a church in the neo-Romanesque style was built in the center of Nietleben .
The nearby lignite in the Neuglück mine and the shell limestone that can be mined in the area led to the creation of a cement works that no longer exists today. The remaining holes favored the creation of the Heidesees , the Steinbruchsee and the Graebsee . The Heidesee open- cast mine became a recreational area for the people of Halle. On the southern edge of the Dölauer Heide, the garden city of Nietleben was built in the 1920s, which was later expanded. The Halle-Nietleben provincial insane asylum , which was demolished in the 2000s, was located here .
In 1925 the Halle-Nietleben airfield was opened. Until 1927 that led German Aero Lloyd AG from here scheduled flights from after several German cities.
Nietleben was incorporated into Halle on July 1, 1950 .
Sons and daughters of Nietleben
- Emil Löwenhardt (1858–1941), chemist, teacher and textbook author
- Günther Schmidt (1921–2017), physicist
- Gerald Götting (1923–2015), politician
- Peter Findeisen and Dirk Höhne: The village churches in Halle (monument sites - monument values vol. 3). State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology Saxony-Anhalt - State Museum for Prehistory, Halle 2006, pp. 153–167. ISBN 3-939414-00-X .
- https://halle.de/ - The Nietleben district on the website of the city of Halle.
- http://www.nietleben.de - The website of the Nietlebener Heimatverein eV
- ^ City of Halle (Saale), Department of Residential Affairs: Halle in Figures 2019 . Published online at https://halle.de ( pdf , 173 KB) in 2020.
- ↑ State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation Saxony-Anhalt: Saxony-Anhalt Viewer . Can be found online at: https://lvermgeo.sachsen-anhalt.de/ , accessed on: November 22, 2019.
- ↑ Website of the swimming pool at Heidesee , accessed on November 23, 2019.
- ^ City of Halle (Saale), Department of Residential Affairs: District Catalog 2015 (pdf, online) , 3.8 MB, p. 15f., Accessed on November 23, 2019.
- ↑ Robert Briest: New construction site at Nietleben Bridge to replace accident crossing. Published online at https://mz-web.de/ on November 16, 2016.
- ^ NABU Regionalverband Halle / Saalkreis eV: For the preservation of the Lower Saale Valley without a motorway . (Online) , accessed November 23, 2019.
- ↑ Local transport company Saxony-Anhalt (nasa): Route network plan 2019 (pdf, online) , 1.7 MB, accessed on November 23, 2019.
- ↑ Mention of the place in the book Geography for all estates , p. 125
- ^ Description of the Saale Department
- ^ The hall circle in the municipality register 1900