district of Halle (Saale)
|Residents||5286 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density||1176 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation||Apr 1, 1900|
The Kröllwitz district is located on the banks of the Saale, directly at the Saale breakthrough in the West district, opposite the Giebichenstein district with the clearly visible Giebichenstein Castle , which today houses an art college .
Along the Saale there are several rocks made of rhyolite , which is colloquially called porphyry . Parts of the Kröllwitzes development, such as the Petruskirche, stand on such a rock. In the north of the district rises the 119 m high Ochsenberg, it is covered by a green area. On the banks of the Saale is the old Kröllwitz paper mill, an old ruined factory that was once driven by a weir in the Saale. This is where Ecknelkenpapier was produced between 1760 and 1804 under the direction of Georg Christoph and Philipp Sebastian Ludwig Keferstein.
On the other side of the hall in the east are the Klausberge with the Jahnhöhle , the district garden of Giebichenstein and the Trotha district . To the south the Saale forms a wide floodplain , here are the Peißnitzinsel , which is a nature reserve , and the Amselgrund.
To the west, the street Brandbergeweg / Heideallee delimits the district of Heide-Süd and the forest area of Dölauer Heide . The Weinberg Campus with facilities of the Martin Luther University and many scientific institutes is located on the border with Heide-Süd .
The street Kröllwitzer Straße / Dölauer Straße leads through Kröllwitz . This is connected to Giebichenstein via the Saale with the Kröllwitzer Bridge . In the west, the Gimritzer Damm connects the outskirts of Kröllwitz with the Northern Neustadt . This road was part of the Halle-Saale loop . Via the north road you can get to Dölau , Lettin, Heide-Nord and further to Salzmünde and towards Harz .
Two tram routes connect Kröllwitz with the old town of Halle and the new town . These end at the final stop Kröllwitz on the edge of the Dölauer Heide and lead on the one hand to the east through the district and on the other hand to the south along the edge of the district. In addition, two bus routes connect Kröllwitz with the north-west of Halle.
The area around Kröllwitz was already settled in the Neolithic Age, as evidenced by a grave mound at the university hospital , grave mounds near Lettin and a fortification on Bischofswiese from the Baalberg culture (4100–3600 BC) and the Bernburg culture (3300–2800 BC). Chr.).
The place was first mentioned in 1291 as Crolewiz . At that time Kröllwitz was still a Sorbian fishing village. Later, in 1714, the paper mill was built on the banks of the Saale. Due to chemical experiments at the end of the 19th century, this caused high levels of environmental pollution.
Kröllwitz, until 1815 in the spelling "Cröllwitz" belonged to the Giebichenstein office in the hall circle of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg . In 1680 the place came with the Saalkreis to the Duchy of Magdeburg under Brandenburg-Prussian rule.
With the Peace of Tilsit in 1807, Cröllwitz was incorporated into the Kingdom of Westphalia and assigned to the Halle district in the Saale department. The place belonged to the canton Halle-Land . After Napoleon's defeat and the end of the Kingdom of Westphalia, Napoleon's allied opponents liberated the Saalkreis in early October 1813. During the political reorganization after the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Kröllwitz was attached to the Merseburg administrative district of the Prussian province of Saxony in 1816 and assigned to the Saalkreis.
The Kröllwitz cemetery was established in 1899.
On April 1, 1900, Kröllwitz was incorporated into Halle (Saale).
Due to its location on the Saale, the flatter parts of Kröllwitz, such as the Talstrasse , were often hit by floods, for example in 2013 .
Buildings and public facilities
The listed Königliche Landgestüt Kreuzvorwerk was used for horse breeding from 1888 to 1990 and was later converted into a residential complex.
The primary school is right next to the Petruskirche in the old town center.
The University Hospital Halle (Saale) on Ernst-Grube-Straße is the largest hospital in the city with around 2,850 employees and 210 trainees.
Since 1994 the art association "Talstrasse" has shown regular exhibitions, until 2014 an art hall was built for this purpose.
The Brandberge sports hall is located north of the university hospital .
A large wastewater treatment plant for the city of Halle was built north-west of Kröllwitz by 1998 for 60 million euros.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Gabriel Wilhelm Keferstein (1755–1816), Mayor of Halle (Saale)
- Adolph Keferstein (1773–1853), inventor, manufacturer and paper miller
- Gustav Adolf Keferstein (1799–1861), pastor, educator and music writer
- Kurt Hempel (1894–?), Politician and engineer
- Heidi Ritter: From the fishing village to Sexy Kröllwitz. A district of Halle . Hasenverlag, Halle / Saale 2017. (Mitteldeutsche Kulturhistorische Hefte; 35/36), ISBN 978-3-945377-31-4 , 150 pages.
- https://halle.de/ - The Kröllwitz district on the website of the city of Halle.
- Kröllwitz primary school
- University Hospital Halle (Saale)
- City of Halle (Saale), Department of Residential Affairs: Halle in Figures 2018 . Published online at https://halle.de ( pdf , 163 KB) in 2019.
- City map on the website of Halle
- Website of the vineyard campus
- HAVAG route network map
- MZ article in the Kröllwitz district
- MZ article in the Kröllwitz district
- Mention of the place in the book "Geography for all Stands", p. 124
- Description of the Saale Department
- The hall circle in the municipality register 1900
- MZ with pictures from the flood 2013 in Halle, see Fig. 11/23
- Election to the 9th European Parliament in the independent city of Halle (Saale) on May 26, 2019, election of the city council in the independent city of Halle (Saale) on May 26, 2019. Retrieved on August 18, 2019 .
- Website of the Art Association Talstraße ( Memento of the original from August 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of Stadtwerke Halle, see the brochure there