|Location in Minnesota|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Olmsted County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|114,011 (as of 2016)
215,884 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,111.2 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||103.0 km 2 (approx. 40 mi 2 ) of
which 102.6 km 2 (approx. 40 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||401 m|
|Area code :||+1 507|
|GNIS ID :||0650180|
|Mayor :||Ardell Brede|
Olmsted County Government Center in Rochester
Rochester [ ˈɹɑːtʃɪstɚ ] is a city in southeast Minnesota . It is the administrative seat of Olmsted County . In 2016 Rochester had 114,011 inhabitants, making it the third largest city in the state. In 2006 Money Magazine named Rochester the 67th most livable city in the United States.
Rochester is home to the Mayo Clinic , founded in 1889 , one of the largest and most important clinics in the world.
Rochester has been twinned with Moosburg an der Isar since 1981 .
Rochester is located on the Zumbro River . An important east-west axis in road traffic runs south of the city with Interstate 90 . The distance to the Twin Cities is around 130 kilometers. According to the United States Census Bureau, the area of the city is 103.0 square kilometers, of which 0.4 square kilometers is water. Rochester does not have a natural lake.
The city of Rochester includes a total of six boroughs with a total of 22 residential areas (Apple Hill, Baihly Meadows, Baihly Woodlands, Country Club Manor-East, East Side, Emerald Hills, Folwell, Foxcroft, Glendale, Golfview, John Adams, John Marshall, Kutzky Park, Lincolnshire / Arbor Glen, Mayowood Hills, Mill Race, Northrop, Northwest, Pine Ridge, Shorewood, Southeast, Southern Hills, Viking Park)
Rochester has the typical continental climate of Minnesota . Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cold with little rainfall. On an average of 83 days a year, the maximum daily temperature is below zero degrees Celsius. The annual amount of snowfall is 135 centimeters. Rochester is also on the outskirts of Tornado Alley .
|NCDC data (1971-2000)||Jan||Feb||March||Apr||May||June||July||Aug||Sep||Oct||Nov||Dec|
|Average daytime temperature in ° C||−11.2||−7.6||−0.8||7.1||13.8||18.9||21.2||19.8||14.9||8.3||−0.4||−8.2||Ø 6.3|
|Average rainfall in mm||24||19th||48||76||90||102||117||110||79||56||51||26th||Σ 798|
Rochester was founded in 1854 by George Head, who was originally from Rochester, New York . After initially relocating to Wisconsin, he moved further west to Minnesota and founded the city he named after his hometown. Its location on the railway line between St. Paul and Dubuque favored the city's growth.
On August 21, 1883, a tornado devastated the city and killed 37 people. Out of this event, the physician William Worrall Mayo took the initiative and built a hospital with the help of the donations raised by the Sisters of St. Francis. In 1889 he opened St. Marys Hospital . In the years that followed, Mayo Clinic , as it was called, continued to grow and gain worldwide importance.
Economy and Infrastructure
Rochester has a number of air conditioned subways / skyways . They connect different buildings and offer protection from extreme weather conditions. In addition, the most important places can be reached by city bus. The city offers pedestrians and cyclists a relatively modern network of footpaths and cycle paths. Within the city alone, the cycle path network is around 37 kilometers long.
The Rochester International Airport is located southwest of the city center. National hubs such as Minneapolis-Saint Paul Airport or Chicago Airport for national and international flight connections can be reached via it .
Rochester's economy is dominated by the Mayo Clinic and related healthcare facilities. In addition to the main downtown buildings, Mayo Clinic also includes Saint Marys Hospital and Rochester Methodist Hospital . A total of 4,000 doctors treat more than 315,000 inpatients and 1.21 million outpatients every year.
In addition, the computer industry has also settled. IBM employs around 5,000 people in Rochester. The unemployment rate is 3.5 percent (as of August 2007).
Culture and sights
Rochester attractions include:
- The History Center & Museum is a history museum and is operated by the Olmsted County Historical Society. It also has a historical library and a genealogy center.
- The Mayowood Mansion is the former home of Charles Horace Mayo . In 1965 the Mayo family left it to the Olmsted County Historical Society. It was then added to the National Register of Historic Places and converted into a museum.
- The Franciscan Sisters of Rochester are a Roman Catholic order founded by Alfred Moes in 1877. The motherhouse Assisi Heights is located on a hill in Rochester and can be seen from many parts of the city.
- The Rochester Art Center opened in 2004 and features a smaller selection of permanent and temporary exhibitions. It also has a garden and park area facing the Zumbro River.
- Various buildings in Rochester are on the National Register of Historic Places , including the Avalon Hotel or the former Chateau Theater , which is now used by Barnes & Noble as a bookstore and café.
|2011 estimate||107,890||1 %|
|1860-2000 2010 2011|
According to the 2010 census , Rochester had 106,769 people in 43,025 households. The population density was 1040.6 inhabitants per square kilometer. Statistically, 2.42 people lived in each of the 43,025 households.
The racial the population was composed of 82.0 percent white, 6.3 percent African American, 0.3 percent Native American, 6.8 percent Asian and 2.6 percent from other ethnic groups; 2.6 percent were descended from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 5.2 percent of the population.
24.8 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 62.5 percent were between 18 and 64 and 12.7 percent were 65 years or older. 51.6 percent of the population was female.
sons and daughters of the town
- Charles Horace Mayo (1865–1939), physician and co-founder of the Mayo Clinic
- Cynthia Gooding (1924–1988), folk singer
- John Culver (1932-2018), politician
- Robert Angelici (* 1937), chemist
- Michael Jensen (* 1939), economist
- John E. Brandenburg (* 1953), plasma physicist
- Eric Strobel (* 1958), ice hockey player and Olympic gold medalist
- Sheree J. Wilson (born 1958), actress
- Joseph Coffey (* 1960), Catholic clergyman, auxiliary bishop in the US military ordinariate
- Lea Thompson (born 1961), actress
- Jim Johannson (1964–2018), ice hockey player and official
- Shjon Podein (* 1968), ice hockey player
- Dan Bakkedahl (* 1969), actor and comedian
- Richard Ojeda (* 1970), politician
- Doug Zmolek (* 1970), ice hockey player
- Leilani Münter (* 1974), racing driver and environmental activist
- John Pohl (* 1979), ice hockey player
- Eric Butorac (born 1981), tennis player
- Andy Canzanello (* 1981), ice hockey player
- Colin Stuart (* 1982), ice hockey player
- Sada Jacobson (* 1983), fencer
- Joseph Kuipers (* 1984), cellist and music teacher
- Mark Stuart (* 1984), ice hockey player
- Bethanie Mattek-Sands (* 1985), tennis player
- Alexander Meyer (* 1988), swimmer, world champion
- Sydney Scotia (born 1997), actress
- American Fact Finder. Retrieved May 5, 2013
- Climatography of the United States NO. 84, 1971-2000 ; Station: 217004 ROCHESTER INTL AP, MN
- US Department of Labor - Bureau of Labor Statistics
- US Decennial Census. Retrieved May 5, 2013
- State & County QuickFacts - Rochester, MN ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved May 5, 2013