|Height :||191 (188–242) m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.33 km²|
|Population density :||499 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st December 1970|
|Postal code :||35444|
|Area code :||06409|
Rodheim-Bieber with the castles Vetzberg and Gleiberg in the background
Rodheim was mentioned for the first time around 1150 under the name Rudeheim . While Bieber emerged from a few mills and an ironworks in the course of the 17th century, the first mention of these dates back to 1660. At that time, the Bieberhütte Eisenerz from Wommelshausen had to be approached to keep the smelting operations going . Bieber was never an independent municipality, nor did it have its own district. In 1854, Bieber one of 2 / 3 to Fellingshausen and one third Rodheim. In 1932 it was incorporated into Rodheim.
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Rodheim in 1830:
"Rodheim (L. Bez. Giessen) evangel. Parish village; is located on the Bieberbach 1 1 ⁄ 2 St. von Giessen, has 150 houses and 827 inhabitants with von Bieber, who, apart from 1 Catholics and 23 Jews, are Protestant. - A family named itself after the village. Ernst von Rodheim and his closest relatives made the Blankenstein castle a fiefdom to Landgravine Sophie in 1261. Ludwig von Rodheim was in 1352 Burgmann zu Königsberg. Rodheim was common between Hessen and Nassau, but became exclusively Hessian when the division established in 1585. "
The community Rodheim ad Bieber was renamed Rodheim-Bieber in 1954 . In 1970 Rodheim-Bieber was merged with the previously independent communities of Vetzberg , Fellingshausen , Königsberg and Krumbach to form the community of Biebertal. Frankenbach then followed in 1977.
From 1898 to 1963, the Biebertalbahn , called "Bieberlieschen", a narrow-gauge small train for the transport of people and iron ore, ran here.
As part of the regional reform in Hesse , the independent community of Rodheim-Bieber voluntarily merged with the communities of Fellingshausen , Königsberg , Krumbach and Vetzberg to form the new large community of Biebertal on December 1, 1970 . For Rodheim-Bieber, as for all formerly independent municipalities, local districts with local advisory councils and local councilors were set up. The seat of the municipal administration was Rodheim-Bieber.
Historical forms of names
In documents that have been received, Rodheim-Bieber was mentioned under the following place names (the year in which it was mentioned in brackets):
- Rudeheim , de (around 1150) [Wyss, document book of the Deutschordens-Ballei 3, p. 313 f. No. 1337]
- Rodeheim (1263)
- Roddeheym under Foczberg (1428)
- Rodheim-Bieber (1954) [Renamed from Rodheim an der Bieber to Rodheim-Bieber on April 1, 1954]
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Rodheim-Bieber was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1567: Holy Roman Empire , court of the common land on the Lahn ( condominium : Grafschaft Nassau and Landgraviate Hessen )
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , "Common Land on the Lahn"
- from 1585: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg, Rodheim (becomes purely Hessian)
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War )
- from 1604: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt, Oberfürstentum Hessen , Oberamt Gießen (from 1789), Court of Heuchelheim
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Upper Duchy of Hesse, Landamt Gießen
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , Landamt Gießen
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District District Gießen (separation between justice ( District Court Gießen ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Gießen district
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gießen
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Kingdom of Prussia , Province of Hesse-Nassau , District of Wiesbaden , District of Biedenkopf (transitional hinterland district)
- from 1871: German Empire , Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, District of Biedenkopf
- from 1918: German Empire, Free State of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Wiesbaden, District of Biedenkopf
- from 1932: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Wiesbaden, District of Wetzlar
- from 1944: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Nassau Province , Wetzlar District
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Wetzlar district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Wetzlar district
- 1952: Renaming from Rodheim to Rodheim-Bieber
- from 1968: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt , district of Wetzlar
- on December 1, 1970 Rodheim-Bieber was incorporated as a district of the newly formed community Biebertal.
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt administrative district, Lahn-Dill district
- from 1979: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Darmstadt district, Gießen district
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Gießen district
Courts since 1803
In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt , the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Gießen” was set up as a court of second instance for the province of Upper Hesse . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or registry lords and thus the "Landamt Gießen" was responsible for Rodheim. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate .
With the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806, this function was retained, while the tasks of the first instance were transferred to the newly created regional and city courts in 1821 as part of the separation of jurisdiction and administration. " Stadtgericht Gießen " was therefore the name of the court of first instance that was responsible for Rodheim from 1821 to 1866.
After the cession of the northwestern part of the district of Gießen and with it Rodheim to Prussia, as a result of the peace treaty of September 3, 1866 between the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the Kingdom of Prussia , Rodheim was separated from the city court of Gießen. In June 1867 a royal decree was issued that reorganized the court system in the former Duchy of Nassau and the parts of the area that had previously belonged to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The previous judicial authorities were to be repealed and replaced by local courts in the first, district courts in the second and an appeal court in the third instance. In the course of this, on September 1, 1867, the previous regional court was renamed the District Court of Gladenbach and Rodheim was assigned to this court. The courts of the higher instances were the District Court of Dillenburg and the Court of Appeal in Wiesbaden . Due to the Courts Constitution Act of 1877, the district court changed to the district of the newly established Marburg Regional Court with effect from October 1, 1879 . When Rodheim moved to the Wetzlar district in 1932, it also moved to the Wetzlar district court . On August 1, 1979, Rodheim and the municipality of Biebertal moved to the area of the district court of Gießen . The superordinate instances are now the Regional Court of Giessen , the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main and the Federal Court of Justice as the last instance.
|• 1791:||496 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||571 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||658 inhabitants, 121 houses|
|• 1829:||827 inhabitants, 150 houses|
|Rodheim (-Bieber): Population from 1791 to 2011|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 2011 census
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1829:||803 Protestant, one Catholic and 23 Jewish residents|
|• 1885:||1236 Protestant, 4 Catholic, 28 Jewish residents|
|• 1961:||3093 Protestant (= 81.48%), 606 Catholic (= 15.96%) residents|
Local advisory board
Since the local elections in 2016, the local advisory board has consisted of three representatives from the FW , two representatives from the SPD , one from the CDU and one from the GRÜNEN. The mayor is currently Rainer Bodson (SPD).
badges and flags
On March 20, 1968, the Rodheim-Bieber community in what was then the district of Wetzlar was granted a coat of arms and a flag with the following descriptions.
Blazon : "In black over a red-tongued and armored golden beaver a golden hoe and a golden ax crossed diagonally."
Regarding the beaver, it is a " talking coat of arms ".
Flag description: "Between narrow red side panels a wide golden middle panel, in the upper third covered with the municipal coat of arms."
- Gail'scher Park : Landscape garden with villa, built between 1882 and 1896 with the help of the garden architects Heinrich Siesmayer and Andreas Weber by Wilhelm and Anna Gail, right next to a (now demolished) tobacco factory owned by the entrepreneurial family.
- Evangelical Church Rodheim : late Romanesque choir tower built in the 13th century, Gothic nave
- Hof Schmitte (first mentioned in 1412 as a forest smithy to Gleiberg Castle , then expanded into a noble estate , consisting of 15 different buildings, under monument protection since 1974; last owner from the van der Hoop family, who inherited the estate from Johann Conrad Owner von Eberstein (1776–1849) owned for five generations was Dr. med.dent. Dorothea Freifrau van der Hoop, née Sinner (1908–2007), widow of Major General Adrian Freiherr van der Hoop (1898–1967))
- Museum KeltenKeller
- primary school
- Georg Kerschensteiner School
- Two kindergartens
- Two town houses
- Local government
- Indoor swimming pool
- Five children's playgrounds
- Johann Conrad Firnhaber von Eberstein (1776–1849), member of the Hessian state parliament, owned Hof Schmitte and gave its name to the Eberstein nature reserve
- Journal of the Heimatverein 08 (PDF file; 822 kB)
- Journal of the Heimatverein 09
- Author collective: Rodheim im Biebertal - history and stories . Heimatverein Rodheim-Bieber, Rodheim-Bieber 2008, 348 pp.
- Literature on Rodheim-Bieber in the Hessian Bibliography
- Search for Rodheim-Bieber in the archive portal-D of the German Digital Library
- Search for Rodheim-Bieber in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- History of Rodheim-Bieber. In: Internet presence of the municipality of Biebertal.
- Rodheim-Bieber, District of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Bieber, District of Giessen. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Chronicle Rodheim-Bieber as a time table PDF file on www.heimatverein-rodheim-bieber.de
- Rodheim-Bieber, Gießen district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 12, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- The district on the website of the municipality of Biebertal ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), accessed in September 2015.
- Ph. E. Klippstein: Mineralogical letters. Giessen 1781, p. 57.
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse . tape 3 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 241 ( online at google books ).
- Change of the name of the community Rodheim ad Bieber in the district of Wetzlar, administrative district of Wiesbaden from February 15, 1954 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1954 No. 9 , p. 199 , point 183 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.1 MB ]).
- the communities Fellingshausen, Königsberg, Krumbach, Rodheim-Bieber and Vetzberg in the district of Wetzlar to form the new community "Biebertal" on November 13, 1970 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1970 No. 48 , p. 2254 , point 2253 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5,6 MB ]).
- Karl-Heinz Meier barley, Karl Reinhard Hinkel: Hesse. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation . Ed .: Hessian Minister of the Interior. Bernecker, Melsungen 1977, DNB 770396321 , OCLC 180532844 , p. 282 .
- Main statute of the municipality of Biebertal. (PDF; 22 kB) p. §5 , accessed in February 2019 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 12 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- The affiliation of the Gießen office based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hesse : Hessen-Marburg 1567–1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604–1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567–1866 .
- Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Development of the territorial and constitutional relations of the German states on both banks of the Rhine: from the first beginning of the French Revolution up to the most recent times . tape 3 . Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 6 ( online at google books ).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 13 . G. Jonghause's Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 162730471 , p. 27 ff ., § 40 point 6a) ( online at google books ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1806 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 221 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Latest countries and ethnology. A geographical reader for all stands. Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities. tape 22 . Weimar 1821, p. 413 ( online at Google Books ).
- Art. 14 of the peace treaty between the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the Kingdom of Prussia of September 3, 1866 ( Hess. Reg.Bl. pp. 406-407 )
- Ordinance on the constitution of the courts in the former Duchy of Nassau and the former Grand Ducal Hessian territories excluding the Meisenheim district of June 26, 1867. ( PrGS 1867, pp. 1094–1103 )
- Order of August 7, 1867, regarding the establishment of the according to the Most High Ordinance of June 26th J. in the former Duchy of Nassau and the former Grand Ducal Hessian territories, with the exclusion of the Oberamtsbezirks Meisenheim, courts to be formed ( Pr. JMBl. Pp. 218-220 )
- Ordinance regarding the establishment of local courts of July 26, 1878 ( PrGS 1878, pp. 275–283 )
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 172 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 181, 279 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. (PDF; 1 MB) In: 2011 Census . Hessian State Statistical Office
- Local boards of the municipality of Biebertal , accessed in September 2018.
- Approval of a coat of arms and a flag of the Rodheim-Bieber community, Wetzlar district, Wiesbaden administrative district from March 20, 1968 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1968 No. 15 , p. 611 , item 459 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.0 MB ]).
- Ev. Parish Rodheim-Vetzberg: The Protestant Church in Rodheim , accessed on October 19, 2012