Rotenberg (Rauenberg)

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City of Rauenberg
Historic coat of arms of Rotenberg
Coordinates: 49 ° 15 ′ 29 "  N , 8 ° 42 ′ 55"  E
Height : 135 m above sea level NN
Residents : 1162  (Jan. 2016)
Incorporation : January 1, 1972
Postal code : 69231
Area code : 06222
Location of Rotenberg in Rauenberg
Historic center of Rotenberg (Rauenberg) in the snow
Historic center of Rotenberg (Rauenberg) for the Christmas market
The castle over Rotenberg

Rotenberg is a district of Rauenberg in the Rhein-Neckar district in the administrative district of Karlsruhe in Baden-Württemberg .

Geography and traffic situation

Geographical location

Aerial photo of Rotenberg (Rauenberg) 2007

The district is located around 18 kilometers south of Heidelberg at the end of the Angelbachtal on the Waldangelbach , which flows through the valley towards the Oberrheingraben . It previously runs through the hilly landscape of the Kraichgau . The historic center of the district lies at the bottom of the valley, but the Schlossberg, which borders the valley to the east, has now been built on and newer development areas are increasingly opening up the Galgenberg to the west of the valley up to the bypass road. Rotenberg is therefore on the border between Kraichgau and Kurpfalz .

Neighboring communities

Neighboring towns, starting in the north in a clockwise direction, are Rauenberg, Dielheim , Tairnbach Mühlhausen , Rettigheim, Malsch and Malschenberg .


The district is located on the B 39 between Speyer and Sinsheim and has its own junction. The A 6 can be reached directly via the main road three kilometers away via the Wiesloch-Rauenberg junction. You can reach Rotenberg by bus with the transport association Rhein-Neckar -Linie: Wiesloch-Walldorf train station - Wiesloch - Rauenberg - Rotenberg - Mühlhausen - Eichtersheim / Waldangelloch. This line replaced the passenger traffic that had been discontinued in 1980 on the former Wiesloch – Meckesheim / Waldangelloch railway line . Since December 2008, there has also been an express bus to Wiesloch-Walldorf train station on weekdays during rush hour.


First mention

When looking for the first documentary mention of Rotenberg, one comes across a document from 1184 in which there is talk of a mountain "Rotemberch". The original of the certificate is no longer available, but it has survived in a collection that Valentin Ferdinand Gudenus published in Frankfurt am Main in 1728 . However, Malsch and Mühlhausen are already mentioned in the Lorsch Codex in 783 and were expressly designated as localities in a document from 976 , so it seems hard to imagine that Rotenberg should have been uninhabited in 1184, so "Rotemberch" should be in this document from 1184 so not be the Rotenberg, neither castle nor place.

On June 4, 1255, the knight Friedrich, called Streiphe von "Rodenburg", made a certificate in Heidelberg in which he stipulated an exchange of goods with the Frankenthal monastery . The original of this document is in the main state archive in Munich . The connection between the Knights of Rodenburg and Rotenberg is established by a document from the year 1213 by Knight Berthold Streif and the St.-German-Stift zu Speyer , this document is kept in the General State Archives in Karlsruhe .

More concrete is the mention of Rotenberg in the will of Bishop Heinrich von Speyer on January 19, 1272. In it, the testator subjects the fortifications "Horrenburch", "Rothenburch", "Horenberch" and "Steina" to fiduciary management until all debts have been paid off. This attests to the castle, at the foot of which there was certainly already a settlement. This document is also stored in the General State Archives in Karlsruhe.

Place name

As a result, there were different spellings that ended in "burg" in the 14th and 15th centuries: "Rodenburg, Rotenburg, Rothenburg, Rotemburg", and in the 16th and 17th centuries the ending "berg" was also added. It was not until the 18th century that the spelling solidified to “Rothenberg”, which changed to “Rotenberg” due to the spelling reform at the beginning of the 20th century.

The literal meaning of the place name is mostly attributed to the location on the slope with the “red” Keuper marl. But it is also conceivable that Roth… / Rod… can be derived from Roden . The name could also indicate that the castle was built on a clearing.

City law

Towards the end of 1336 Gerhard von Ehrenberg was elected Bishop of Speyer . He had to take up his office under extremely adverse circumstances, as his spiritual and worldly power was very limited by his predecessor. Only in the years 1337 to 1341 did he manage to regain power through close contact with Ludwig IV the Bavarian . In 1338 he was allowed to elevate the villages of Rotenberg and Udenheim (today Philippsburg ) to town . The text of the certificate for Rotenberg reads:

" We Ludwig, by God's grace, Roman Keyser at all times report to several people in the empire and obviously confess in this letter that we have chosen and confirmed Venerable Gerhard, Bishop zu Speyer, our dear prince by special grace and from the service he has given us and the Has done richly, and is still supposed to do, that the village of Rothenburg and his convent has listened to, has freed and freed with this present letter so that he and his descendants can build and make a city out of it, and demolish it with walls and moats, and that he may also have a weekly march and year march that is docile and pleasant to him, in addition we give the same village all the right, freedom and old good habit that our and the empire's town of Landau has and has brought from ancient times. and so for a true document we give him this letter sealed with our solitary island. which was given in Munich after the birth of Christ thirteen hundred years, then in the eighth and thirtieth year, in the fourth and twentieth year of our empire and in the twelfth of the Keyserthumb. "

Both documents, the Rotenberger and the Udenheimer, are no longer available today. While the Udenheimer is still recorded in a medieval copy book , only copies of a copy from the year 1720 are available from the Rotenberger. The notary Barlo personally confirms his copy with the original on parchment. This copy was in an old, also no longer existing parish book. It was copied in 1746 by the notary Johann Valentin Schaeffer and noted in 1772 by the Rotenberg pastor Georg Christoph Schaeffer in his "black book" (more precisely: St. Nikolaus (Rotenberg) ).

In 1366, Emperor Karl IV confirmed to Bishop Gerhard's successor, Lamprecht von Brunn , all rights, freedoms and possessions of the diocese of Speyer, including Rotenburg castle and town.

Outwardly, Rotenberg's status as a city was very soon revealed by the erection of a wall. This had two gates, the lower one in the west, the upper one in the northeast. The walling around the castle was not very strong and was broken through several times during the Thirty Years' War . It is already indicated on the wilderness map from 1548 and clearly shown on the map, which was created around 1760. At the beginning of the 19th century the wall was auctioned off to citizens or demolished, today only a few remains are preserved.

Apparently no use was made of the possibility of holding weekly markets or annual markets in Rotenberg. On the other hand, there has been evidence of a fair in the neighboring village of Malsch since the 16th century, but Rotenberg would hardly have been able to compete with the even older and important market in the Palatinate town of Wiesloch.

The main rights of the city of Rotenberg consisted in the freedom of citizens from serfdom and compulsory labor . Exceptions to this are only contained in Pastor Schaeffer's “Black Book”: 1758 for work on the Rhine dam in Lußheim , 1759 for the construction of the rectory with a barn, and 1720 and 1747.

On October 2, 1756, Prince-Bishop Franz Christoph von Hutten issued a letter of grace that is still in the Rauenberg town archive and is on display in the town's winegrowers' museum. It deals with various ideas of the city and the subsequent investigations, according to which, although the granting of city rights of 1338 is recognized, the Rotenbergers are also accused of improper use. In the opinion of the prince-bishop it was wrong that all people moving to Rotenberg and settling there would be released from serfdom without further ado.

Rotenberg Office

Bishop Gerhard had to take up his office in 1336 under difficult conditions, it was of great importance for him to get a picture of his diocese and its financial situation as soon as possible. Therefore he divided the diocese into districts. The municipalities of Balzfeld , Dielheim , Horrenberg , Oberhof, Unterhof , Malsch, Malschenberg , Mühlhausen , Rotenberg and Schloss Rotenberg were subordinate to the Rotenberg office.

A census of 1530 in the Rotenberg district came to the following result: Rotenberg with castle had 225 inhabitants, 120 of them children, in 54 households. The entire office with all places had 1,397 inhabitants, 775 of them children, in 338 households.

The seal and coat of arms

The oldest surviving town seal dates from 1471. The center of the seal shows a tower on a mountain peak in the coat of arms, the crenellated area of ​​which protrudes strongly. The legend, translated from Latin, is probably "Seal of the mayor and the jury (or the court) of the city of Rotenberg 1471".

In 1623 a new seal was made, the tower on the mountain top clearly has battlements and is flanked by two floating turrets. The inscription reads "Sigillum civitatis Rodenburg 1623". At the end of the 19th century there was a new version with modern letters in German letters, with a crown over the seal, without the year.

In 1901 a coat of arms proposed by the General State Archives Karlsruhe was sent to Rotenberg in color, but the Rotenbergers apparently contradicted this proposal, whereupon the archive presented a new coat of arms proposal in 1902, which was generally recognized. A new seal was then made with the inscription "STADTGEMEINDE ROTHENBERG". In 1908, the new Rotenberg spelling was also included in the seal.

The blazon of the coat of arms reads: "In blue on a green three-mountain, a golden pinnacle tower, on it three turrets with pointed helmets" (see also the list of coats of arms in the Rhein-Neckar district ).

Old coat of arms

Original coat of arms from 1902 until incorporation
City arms
Coat of arms of the wine town of Rauenberg as a collage of the district coats of arms from 1984

Although the term Stadtgemeinde officially ended in 1935, the sovereign eagle introduced in the then German Reich was only used in certain areas. After the war, the 1908 seal was reintroduced.

After years of striving for city ​​rights , these were confirmed in 1956 by the state of Baden-Württemberg and the inscription of the coat of arms was changed to "STADT ROTENBERG".

As part of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg , the city of Rotenberg was incorporated into the municipality of Rauenberg on January 1, 1972 , which was raised to a city on January 1, 1975, and includes the three districts of Rauenberg, Rotenberg and Malschenberg.

The wine town of Rauenberg was given a new coat of arms in 1984, which takes into account the figures of the old coats of arms of all three districts. With regard to the color effect of the overall coat of arms, only the color of the tower and background of the Rotenberg coat of arms was swapped.

Mayors, mayors and mayors


The mayors were appointed by the local authorities, their tasks were primarily to chair the local court and to represent the community externally (there is, however, no coherent overview of the Rotenberg mayors):

  • around 1499 Ludwig
  • around 1513 Mathis Hertel
  • around 1540–1545 Rafan Stockheimer
  • around 1556–1564 Hans Brosam
  • around 1565–1573 Hans Seytz
  • around 1577–1580 Jacob Kamerknecht
  • around 1587–1588 Eberhard Weigel
  • around 1589–1595 Hans Eberlin
  • around 1597 Wendel Müller
  • around 1600–1613 Georg Ne (h) rer
  • around 1617–1631 Wendel Stockheimer
  • around 1652 Quirin Müller
  • around 1700–1716 Johann Martin Geiß
  • around 1724–1733 Johann Adam Grei (u) lich
  • around 1749–1769 Adam Nicolaus Ries (ß) (father)
  • around 1772–1778 Adam Nicolaus Ries (ß) (son)
  • around 1783–1786 Johann Georg Greulich
  • around 1787–1799 Johann Nicolaus Greulich
  • around 1800–1808 Joseph Menges

Vögte and mayor Rotenbergs

According to the Baden organization rescript of 1809, the local superiors in the country were called Vogt . The municipal code that came into force in 1832 then designated the bailiffs as mayor (the following terms of office are documented by the Rauenberg city archive):

  • until 1813 Joseph Menges
  • 1814–1838 Johannes Fellhauer
  • 1838–1870 Johann Michael Greulich
  • 1870-1894 Johann Menges
  • 1894–1903 Erwin Spieß
  • 1903–1933 Eugen Menges (I)
  • 1933–1934 Josef Greulich
  • 1934–1945 Benjamin Greulich
  • 1945–1946 Eugen Menges (I)
  • 1946–1949 Eugen Menges (II)
  • 1949–1969 Berthold Hartmann
  • 1969–1972 Wilhelm Spieß

Mayor of Rotenberg

Due to the municipal reform in 1972, i.e. the merger of Rauenbergs, Rotenbergs and Malschenbergs, the entire municipality now has only one full-time mayor for the entire municipality based in Rauenberg. The other two parts of the city are headed by a voluntary mayor. For Rotenberg these were:

  • 1972–1983 Wilhelm Spieß
  • 1984–1994 Hubert Spieß ( CDU )
  • 1994–2014 Norbert Menges (CDU)
  • 2014–2019 Franz Sieber ( FW )
  • since 2019 Katrin Wagner (CDU)

History from the 20th century

For a long time, until the middle of the 20th century, Rotenberg was exclusively an agricultural community. The industrialization began in Rotenberg late, mainly due to the opening of the plant Wiesloch of the printing machine manufacturer Heidelberger Druckmaschinen 1957. Today Rotenberg is almost exclusively residence of workers, but above all more and more of those in the service sector, as SAP in Walldorf, or MLP in Wiesloch.


Besides the common types of grain, root crops and fodder crops that were grown, three commercial crops, namely tobacco, hops and wine, played an important role for many years. Of these, viticulture was the most important for centuries. Tobacco and hop growing are a thing of the past. What has remained until the present is viticulture:

  • 1901: 24 hectares of vineyards , 4 hectares of tobacco cultivation, 4 hectares of hops cultivation
  • 1935: 38 hectares of vineyards, 8 hectares of tobacco cultivation, 4 hectares of hops cultivation
  • 1944: 24 hectares of vineyards, 5 hectares of tobacco cultivation, 1 hectare of hops cultivation
  • 1952: 30 hectares of vineyards, 6 hectares of tobacco cultivation
  • 1963: 52 hectares of vineyards
  • 1982: 61 hectares of vineyards

At the turn of the century the concept of cooperatives took hold and some cooperatives were founded:

  • 1925–1963 Tobacco Farmers Association
  • 1929–1986 Hop Growing Association
  • in the 1930s fruit growing association
  • 1930–2005 wine cooperative


The oldest information about viticulture in Rotenberg comes from an interest book from 1401. In a document from 1432, the Speyr bishop Raban von Helmstatt confirms the knight's widow Eberhard von Venningen , Else von Velberg, that they sell their wine from the Rotenberger and Rauenberger district in the glorious wine to Rotenberg without donations from Kelter wine can be pressed. In Rotenberg in 1727 a tree press was operated at the castle and two tree presses in the press house . In 1823 the community of Rotenberg acquired the manorial press house as property. In the 1870s, vine diseases were introduced from overseas and in 1880 led to a total crop failure. In 1892 Eugen Menges (I) and Peter Greulich carried out the first spraying against leaf diseases of the vine.

  • On February 5, 1930, the Rotenberg-Rauenberg wine cooperative was founded.
  • In 1933 the Rauenbergers left the joint cooperative.
  • On March 29, 1935 the following troughs were designated for the vine construction:

Burggraben, Kleiner Mälscher, hazelnut, Dorbach, in the Pfaffenberg, in the flour, in the tubers, on the mountain, in the Bausen, in the Langenwingert, in the Aden, in the Elzer, Wildsklamm, Paradies, middle and upper Röthe, in the Kanonier, in the Schwarzengrund , on the Silzenberg, in the Barun, in the Breitengrund, in the Schelmenberg, in the Eichäckern, in the Fuchsenbuckel, in the old Fauth, Wolfsgrüben, in the Leidich and on the Gutenberg. The Rotenberg wine was offered for sale in front of the wine cellar, today's old wine press house.

  • On July 17, 1935 the cooperatives Wiesloch, Rauenberg, Rotenberg and Malsch merged to form the sales association of the Kurpfälzischer Winzergenossenschaften Wiesloch, today Winzerkeller Wiesloch .
  • In 1938 this sales association was converted into a cooperative, the first German regional wine cooperative.
  • In 1939, before the war, the following varieties were planted: Silvaner , Müller-Thurgau , Burgunder , St. Laurent and Riesling .
  • In 1952, after the Second World War, Müller-Thurgau, Riesling, Ruländer , Pinot Blanc and Portugieser were then planted.
  • In 1953 Rotenberg introduced the Electoral Palatinate Wine Queen Renate I. Menges (today Landsgesell)
  • In 1975 Rotenberg again presented the Palatinate Wine Queen Cornelia I. Geider (today Geider-Starke)
  • With the abandonment and sale of the Rotenberger Kelterhaus in 2005, the Winzergenossenschaft Rotenberg e. G. in the Kraichgau / Wiesloch e. G. on. Since then, the grapes have been brought directly to the main press in Wiesloch.

The upswing after the Second World War , the land consolidation and the rebuilding of stocks with improved, single-variety wine, together with new upbringing and cultivation methods, led to better quality wines, but also to significantly higher yields.

Cigar factory

The beginnings of the cigar industry in Rotenberg go back to 1891. For some time the Sternheim company produced cigars with around 20 workers .

Ludwig Bender, a Rotenberger, founded a cigar factory in Rettigheim in 1888 . His son Otto Bender took over this factory and opened a second behind the Rotenberg town hall in 1919. The Rotenberg factory became the main office, the Rettigheim branch. At the beginning of the war in 1939 the company had 50 employees, despite the global economic crisis and the First World War , Otto Bender managed to keep the factories going. Cigars, cigarillos, cheroots and smoking tobacco were manufactured, and the Swiss “LUBERO” cherubs made in Rotenberg became particularly famous. The raw tobacco required was bought from local cultivation associations or imported via Holland. Twelve representatives were responsible for sales. The main sales areas were: Berlin , Mark Brandenburg , Mecklenburg , Pomerania , Silesia , Schleswig-Holstein and the Ruhr area .

After the Second World War there was a decline in cigar consumption. Otto Bender closed his cigar factory in 1958. The operations were converted to cigar wholesaling and continued by his son Erich. In 1973 Otto Bender died at the age of 88.

Construction and transport development

Fellhauer house in the Keltergasse (former tithe cellar), on the right the old wine press house

The plan of the town with around 3.8 hectares, handed down from around 1760, shows the city ​​wall with two gates and four watchtowers, 37 built-up plots and the road network, which still corresponds to that of the town center:

  • Hofäcker, from Schlossstrasse to today's first connecting staircase to Schlossstrasse
  • Burgweg ends at the southwest gate of the city wall, at today's Lourdes grotto
  • St.-Nikolaus-Gasse, like today
  • Schlossstrasse, from the northeast gate, at today's Bachbrücke, to today's first connecting staircase to the Hofäcker; there are also three road branches: in front of today's half-timbered houses (König), in front of today's town hall (cigar factory) and across from the Hofäcker (wine press house).

In 1901 the streets were given electric lighting, which replaced the oil lamps, which until then had been used more for orientation than for illumination.

Also in 1901 the Wiesloch – Waldangelloch railway was put into operation with a stop in Rotenberg.

The first expansion of the settlement area took place with the development along the then Landstrasse (today Rauenbergerstrasse and Mühlhäuser Strasse), and in 1902 the villa-style schoolhouse was also built there.

As early as 1905, the Rotenberg households were connected to running water and sewerage. The water pipe was fed by the Schlossberg spring, which rises in the castle garden. With this new development facility, Rotenberg set itself apart from the surrounding communities in an exemplary manner.

In 1909 the parish church of St. Nikolaus received electric light and in 1913 all households were electrified.

The reconstruction of the palace by Eugenie Mayfarth and then Privy Councilor Franz von Reichenau and his wife, who completed the construction in 1921/1922 , also fell during this time .

With the final reconstruction of the castle, the local council at the time also asked about a new access road, as the Burgweg was the only access to the castle and to the agricultural areas on the heights towards Tairnbach and Dielheim . With a gradient of 14 to 29%, use was completely excluded in times of bad weather, especially in autumn and winter. So on October 27, 1921, construction work began on the new and present-day Schlossstrasse. The then owner of the castle, Privy Councilor Franz von Reichenau, contributed 150,000 marks to the costs estimated at 196,000 marks , so that the community only had to bear a small part of the costs. The construction section up to the castle had a total length of 691 meters, of which 200 meters had to be extended to the Mühlhauser district and the existing local road, starting at today's Volksbank, had to be piled up over a length of 40 meters. On November 1, 1922, the first construction section on Schlossstrasse up to the castle was opened to traffic, while the second construction section, Obere Schlossstrasse, was not handed over to its intended use until April 1923. In the second bend opposite the castle, a sandstone memorial stone was placed with the inscription:

"This path was built in 1921/22 under Mayor Menges by the municipality of Rotenberg and the lord of the castle, Excellency von Reichenau, by the Sinsheim water and road construction authority."

Half-timbered house of the IOCOB MENGES 1713

In 1957 a Catholic kindergarten was built in the utility building between the sacristy and the rectory. The costs were borne by the political community and the state of Baden-Württemberg.

In 1959 Rotenberg participated in the sewage association for the joint construction of a sewage treatment plant in Wiesloch. This relieved the Waldangelbach , which until then had served as the final discharge of the sewer system.

In 1962 the construction of a new and modern school building began on the then new Schlossstrasse.

In 1964 a public garbage disposal was established. With the preparation of the development plan for the expansion of the old town , the planning law requirements for the later new development areas of Hofäcker, Von-Reichenau-Straße and Weiherstraße in the south were created; Weinbergstrasse, Heiligenwiesen and Knollen in the north and Herrenwiesen in the west.

Waldangelbach at the Rotenberger Bachbrücke

As a result of the floods in July 1969, which had flooded a large part of Rotenberg, not only a large retention basin of the Waldangelbach was built in front of Mühlhausen, but also a small retention basin in front of Rotenberg.

After the merger with Rauenberg in 1972, the first structural measures were the construction of a morgue and an expansion of the cemetery.


The first records of a school system in Rotenberg come from the black book of Pastor Schaeffers (see: St. Nikolaus (Rotenberg) ) from 1772. The pastor reports that after a Worms synodeal from 1496, the pastor and the church jury had to assign the school service and appoint the schoolmaster, in Rotenberg this was the sacristan . The exact remuneration of the schoolmaster in Rotenberg is also reported.

In July 1822, 60 children from Rotenberg, which has a population of 252, were educated. Since 1888 the state of Baden was responsible for school service. Between 1897 and 1907 the school was closed three times for measles , diphtheria and scarlet fever for two weeks each time. In the years 1944 to 1946, lessons could not be held due to the post-war turmoil.

From 1966 until the congregation merged in 1972, the Rotenberg secondary school students went to Mühlhausen, and from 1972 to Rauenberg. Also from 1972, grades 3 and 4 of the Rotenberg elementary school were relocated to Rauenberg. After great efforts by the headmistress Dorothea Kuhn, it was possible at the beginning of the 1990s to bring the 3rd and 4th grades back to Rotenberg.


Until 1812, lessons took place in the schoolmaster's private house. From 1812 a room was made available for teaching in the town hall. From 1816 another room was added in the town hall to accommodate an unmarried teacher. From 1822 to 1838 efforts were made to build their own schoolhouse, but this failed in 1839 due to the lack of money in the community. From 1849 the classroom and teacher's room was located in the Hirsch Gasthaus.

In 1900 the Grand Ducal District Office in Wiesloch determined that the school accommodation was inadequate and saw the need to build a new schoolhouse soon.

Mansion School

In February 1900, the district office of the Grand Ducal District School Visiting Bruchsal gave the Rotenberg municipal council precise instructions on how to find a building site for a new schoolhouse and its size. Furthermore, the local council was urged to start the preparatory work as soon as possible, as there was a day trip to visit on July 4th .

In November 1901, the district office proposed building a new joint building for the town hall and school. This proposal was rejected, however, because in December the municipal council had made a decision on the building site on Mühlhäuser Strasse and commissioned architect Pfetzinger from Heidelberg to draw up the building plans.

In 1903 the new villa-style school building on Mühlhäuser Strasse was inaugurated. It comprised an anteroom, a classroom, an apartment for the teacher with a wooden shed and a 400 m² gymnasium. Starting in 1932, the creation of a second classroom was considered, but was repeatedly delayed.

From around 1950 there were more frequent complaints about the structural condition of the school building.

On August 29, 1958, the North Baden High School Authority visited the site. The commission passed a damning verdict on the school building. Above all, the size and location of the house directly on Bundesstraße 39 with very heavy and increasing traffic is no longer acceptable.

On April 18, 1961, the establishment of a joint elementary school with Rauenberg was rejected for various reasons at a citizens' meeting.

Schlossberg School

Schlossberg elementary school in Rotenberg (Rauenberg)

In 1961, the city of Rotenberg began planning a new school building on the quiet Schlossstrasse on Schlossberg.

On December 3, 1962, the Hans Josef Rühl company set up the construction site. The new school building was built by 1964. In the basement there was a small gym, an equipment room, a changing room, a boiler room and a storage room, as well as a kitchen and toilets for students and teachers. The administrative rooms, three large and one small classroom, were located on the upper floor.

When the foundation stone was laid in 1963, the following has been handed down: “A bright July sun was shining over the Waldangelbach valley on Saturday morning when the Rotenberg schoolchildren moved from the town hall over Schloßstraße to the site of their new school on Schloßberg. The flag of the Federal Republic of Germany greeted from the tall construction crane, the coat of arms and the Rotenberg city flag, in the midst of fir greenery, marked the room in which the school children and the men's choir Frohsinn Rotenberg took their place. "

As early as 1965, the architect and the local council discovered considerable structural defects in the building, and in 1969 there was considerable damage to the structure. In 1986 the local council decided to have a concept drawn up for extensive renovation measures. This was enforced from 1987, u. a. the slightly inclined monopitch roof with a row of windows was converted into a saddle roof, the row of windows was closed and a wooden construction was built in front as a design element. The building was thermally insulated and the facade and windows were completely renewed so that the school was better suited to the landscape.

During the summer vacation of 1994, the footbridge leading to the main entrance on the upper floor collapsed and was replaced by a dam.

Extensive maintenance and renovation work was completed in 2010. The core of the work was the installation of a new heating system, a redesign of the break roof to a new student entrance, renovation of the toilet facilities, an extensive further development and design of the playground area as well as the refurbishment of a storage room and a workshop.

Teachers / Head Teachers / Headmasters

  • around 1679 Adam Matthias Rannellovicks (Ronellenfitsch)
  • around 1705 Johannes Stein
  • around 1772 Matthias Dumbeck
  • around 1812 Anton Dumbeck
  • 1817–1821 Preceptor Hartmann
  • 1821–1822 Anton August Brougier
  • 1822–1844 Anton Dumbeck (again)
  • 1844–1853 Franz Martin Stolz
  • 1853–1856 Johannes Ernst and Heinrich Wohlgemuth
  • 1856–1866 Michael Krapf
  • 1866–1866 Carl Singer
  • 1866–1878 Joseph Ziegler
  • 1878–1885 Josef Engel
  • 1885–1890 Adolf Andreas Rudolph
  • 1890–1895 Johann Becker
  • 1896–1900 Ludwig Martus
  • 1900–1907 Georg Hitzfeld (culturally involved), grandfather of Ottmar Hitzfeld
  • 1907–1918 Karl Hertel
  • 1918–1920 Josef Herrmann
  • 1920–1928 Karl Gottmann
  • 1928–1928 Walter Entreß
  • 1928–1939 Wilhelm Beetz
  • 1939–1943 Karl Wachter
  • 1946–1946 Wilhelm Beetz (again)
  • 1946–1947 Josef Hartmann
  • 1947–1948 Wilhelm Riedl
  • 1948–1972 Eugen Vierneisel (who introduced the annual summer parade in 1948 )
  • 1972–1975 Hiltrud Reh
  • 1975–1985 Inge Behr
  • 1985–1986 Renate Schröder
  • 1987–1997 Dorothea Kuhn (today Kuhn-Bender)
  • 1999–2006 Mr. Fleckenstein
  • since 2006 Ulrike Biesel-Weidig

Culture and sights

Club culture

There has always been a lively club life in Rotenberg. At the moment (2011) five larger clubs and two youth groups are active, and there are also development clubs and a fan club of the Bundesliga soccer club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim .

MGV cheerfulness

The men's choir MGV-Frohsinn 1901 Rotenberg is the oldest club. It was founded on January 10, 1901 in the Gasthaus Zum Schloss and emerged from the vocal department of the military association, which was dissolved. The club life only rested during the two world wars. The club also runs an amateur play group. Since 1996 the association has found a new home in the Sängerklause right next to the community center in the Heiligenwiesen.

Women's community

The Catholic women's community in Rotenberg was founded in 1906 on the initiative of Pastor Herold. The women's community has a very active craft group. Since 2000 the association has had its home in the parish center St. Michael next to the parish church St. Nikolaus .

Church choir St. Cäcilia

The Catholic Church Choir St. Cäcilia Rotenberg was created by Pastor J. Berberich, who in 1944 was able to persuade around 25 women and a few men to study a mass for Easter 1945. The association was founded on December 30, 1945. In the Volksbank building on Schlossstrasse, which was newly constructed in the 1970s, the church choir was given its own rehearsal room over the entire upper floor of the building.

Volunteer firefighter

Organized fire protection was in place long before the fire brigade was founded. In 1832 the local councils of Rauenberg, Rotenberg and Mühlhausen were ordered to Wiesloch to take over a joint injection. It is recorded from 1877 that the fire extinguishers were stored in the press house and in the syringe house.

In 1939 the city of Rotenberg was asked by the Baden Fire Brigade Association to set up a volunteer fire brigade . In January 1940, the Rotenberg volunteer fire brigade was founded. The equipment was initially housed in the wine press house, later in the town hall and until 1953 in the former syringe house. In 1975 it was converted into a fire station and the first used fire engine was obtained from the closure of the Bott-Eder company fire brigade in Rauenberg. In 1981 the car was replaced by a new one. In 1986 a VW bus was purchased and the fire station was completely renovated. In 1987 the fire station was expanded to include a vehicle hall.

In 2006 a new fire engine had to be purchased, which no longer fit into the fire station at the time, which is why the city council decided to build a new fire station, which could be handed over to its intended purpose in 2007 in the Heiligenwiesen next to the community center and the singer's hermitage.

Texas twisters

The Texas Twisters - Country & Western Dance Club - 1990 Rotenberg was founded on January 8, 1990, the idea for this was born in November 1989 during the Martini-Kerwe. The club cultivates Country & Western Line Dance , which should not be confused with Square Dance . Since 2003, the country club has found its home in the former Gasthaus zum Schloss across from the Volksbank.

Youth fire brigade

The Rotenberg youth fire brigade was founded in 1970 as a group of the volunteer fire brigade and serves to prepare for active fire service. It is based in the fire station in the Heiligenwiesen and is active in youth work.


On the Origin of altar boys group St. Nicholas Rotenberg is not known, "the Messbuwe" there are probably just as long as there is a church in Rotenberg. However, in the last few decades the picture has changed from the purely male domain who worked in church on Sundays to an active youth group for boys and girls from first communion onwards . The altar boys in Rotenberg are not only limited to their church activities, but are also very active in local affairs. They are at home in their room in the sacristy and in the St. Michael parish center.

Rotenberg youth castle

The association Jugendburg Rotenberg e. V. was founded on July 20, 1951 in Karlsruhe and had its headquarters there. Since 2007 the association has had its headquarters in Rotenberg on the Jugendburg. The association has been taking care of the operation and maintenance of the Rotenberg youth castle since October 1st, 1954. Members are exclusively youth associations.


St. Nikolaus (Rotenberg)

Regular events

  • On the Three Kings Day (January 6th) the carol singers are out door to door all over Rotenberg.
  • The joint New Year's reception of the political, Catholic and Protestant congregations takes place alternately in the three congregations on the 2nd or 3rd Sunday of January. Accordingly, every three years in the Rotenberg community center.
  • In January, the MGV Frohsinn's winter party takes place on a Saturday evening with a play performed by the amateurs.
  • On the following day, for Sunday coffee, the theater play will be performed a second time in the form of a benefit event in favor of the Yatim House in Indonesia (sponsorship of the Rotenberg associations since the 2004 tsunami ).
  • The traditional summer day train takes place on Laetare Sunday (4th Sunday of Lent) . People gather in the castle courtyard, then the procession meanders singing spring songs, led by summer and winter from the castle hill to the historic town center, where winter is solemnly burned down.
  • May festival of the church choir St. Cäcilia at the Lourdes grotto on the 1st Sunday in May or on the last Sunday in April
  • Worth seeing is the continuous Corpus Christi flower carpet on Sunday after Corpus Christi 800 meters long once through the historic center to the religious feast of Corpus Christi is placed.
  • Summer party weekend for the fire brigade in June
  • Linden tree festival of the MGV Frohsinn in July
  • Parish festival of the cath. Parish in September
  • Three-day Martini- Kerwe as a wine festival in November on the weekend before National Mourning Day . The big street festival begins on Saturday evening with the lantern parade (annually since 1948) led by St. Martin on horseback, followed by the official opening in the historic town center. On Sunday lunchtime, the Kerwe parade (annually since 1951) is the highlight of the festivities in which all local institutions are involved; before the "Kerwe-Schlumpel" is burned on Monday evening in front of the town hall and the street kerwe comfortably comes to an end.
  • The Rotenberg Christmas market (annually since 2003) attracts hundreds of visitors every year on the Friday before the 1st Advent in the historic town center from the near and far area. The stalls in front of the half-timbered houses and the church get in the mood for Advent. The highlight is the visit of Bishop Nikolaus and a petting zoo for children.

Public buildings

Rotenberg town hall with Schlossberg-Quellen-Brunnen
  • town hall
  • Schlossbergschule Rotenberg
  • Mortuary at the cemetery
  • Community center
  • Kindergarten Noah's Ark
  • Fire station
  • Catholic parish church of St. Nicholas
  • Catholic parish center St. Michael

Web links

Sources and literature

  • City of Rauenberg: 1338–1988, 650 years of the city of Rotenberg . Odenwälder printing works (Buchen-Walldürn)
  • The “Black Book” by Rotenberg , in: Kraichgau, contributions to landscape and local research, volume 10 of 1987 p. 175; Henschel
  • Klaus Rössler: Family book ( Ortssippenbuch ) Rauenberg with Rotenberg (Rhein-Neckar-Kreis), created on the basis of local sources and church registers 1721 to 1930 and 1662 to 1930 . Ubstadt-Weiher: Verlag Regionalkultur 2004, ISBN 3-89735-280-X (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 105)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 475 .
  2. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 487 .