The Pemfling Castle is located in the Upper Palatinate municipality of Pemfling in the Cham district of Bavaria (Kirchplatz 12). The castle was originally a low castle and is located in the middle of the village on the north side of the church square.
The genealogy of the Pemflinger , a Diepolding family of ministers , began in 1178/83 with Sigehardus de Pomflingen , following a Reichenbach tradition . His brother Wimarus , who is also mentioned , is mentioned again between 1190 and 1200. During this time, a Diepold von Pemflling is also cited as a witness. A Heinrich von Pemfling appears for the last time in documents issued in 1272. The place Pemfling is already mentioned in the first Duke Surbar of 1231/37 as belonging to the Miltach henchman's office . The knightly dynasty of the Pemflinger family has been documented in documents from the Niederaltaich monastery since 1267 . In the 15th century this family's possessions were in the process of dissolution. In 1413 Ruprecht Donnersteiner received various goods from the estate of a Pemflinger, and in 1437 other possessions were transferred to the Eittenharter . Pemfling was destroyed in 1430 during the Hussite Wars .
The remains of the property of Johann der Pemflinger von Pemfling , including those in Grafenkirchen, were assigned to the Donnersteiners in 1444; these went to Ruprecht Donnersteiner to Donnerstein after an inheritance dispute . The underage children of the Hiltprant von Pemfling were awarded Burg Kager .
The main successors, however, are likely to have been the Eittenharter on the Kaufweg, who called themselves Eittenharter zu Pemfling in 1454 . In the land boards of 1488 and 1503 the Eittenharter are registered as the owners of the Hofmark Grafenkirchen, which obviously means Pemfling. The Pfa (h) ler are named as successors of property . From 1530 Hans von Schönstein and Joachim von Nußdorf are attested, among whom Pemfling appears again as an independent Hofmark. In the land boards of 1543 and 1558, the Hofmark Pemfling is then listed as the property of Jörg von Murach (1541–1588). In the tax book of 1577 Pemfling and Grafenkirchen are entered as Pertinenz von Waffenbrunn , i. H. since then Pemfling has been permanently united with Waffenbrunn and shared the fortunes of this Hofmark. Between 1545 and 1627, Pemfling was first Lutheran and then Calvinist.
In 1696 the brewer and landowner Johann Kammermeister acquired the farm and after a devastating volume in 1742 also the former main residential building, which was subsequently used as an inn. Both buildings are still privately owned today.
In the 1980s, the old Zehentstadel von Pemfling was owned by the Maier family, who could not be persuaded to participate in the renovation costs.
Pemfling Castle then and now
On the map of Philipp Apian from 1568, next to the church building in Pembfling, the two-storey building of a castle can be seen, possibly with a stepped gable . The structure appears to have been only slightly fortified. After a fire in 1742, the buildings were restored to their present form, with the former main residential building in particular being heavily modified. The cellars under the utility wing are also said to have been filled in at that time.
On the north side of the church square, the remains of the complex are divided into two building complexes. To the west stood the buildings of the farm yard around a rectangular inner courtyard. These are, with the exception of the south wing and isolated wall remains, u. a. a vaulted stable, broken off or heavily changed. The eaves-facing south wing, an elongated, unplastered two-storey building, has an arched passage with a basket arched gate in the middle. The pillars on the south side are an addition to the period around 1900. For the building, which was known as the Zehentstadel , the owner Konrad Maier submitted an application for demolition, which was approved twice unanimously by the local council and also by the district administrator Theo Zellner in 2008. The demolition finally took place in 2010.
Separated by a lane, the former listed main residential building, which is now used as an agricultural property, connects to the east . The almost square two-storey building with gable ends gives the impression of a large farmhouse today. However, the strong walls, a late Gothic window in the back and window frames from the 16th century on the courtyard side of the front building point to the origin of the building, which once also contained a chapel.
- Bernhard Ernst: Castle building in the southeastern Upper Palatinate from the early Middle Ages to the early modern period, Part II catalog (= work on the archeology of southern Germany . Volume 16 ). Dr. Faustus, Büchenbach 2001, ISBN 3-933474-20-5 .
- Max Piendl: The Cham district court (pp. 49–52). (= Historical Atlas of Bavaria, part of Altbayern booklet 8). Commission for Bavarian History, Michael Lassleben Verlag, Munich 1955.
- Barbara Schießl: History and school history of Pemfling. Admission thesis in folklore at the University of Regensburg, 1988.
- Andreas Hanauer, Konrad Schwarzfischer, Hans Wrba: Festschrift 275 years parish church St. Andreas zu Pemfling . 1736-2011. media 9 - Schmidl Druck, Neunburg vorm Wald 2012, p. 61.
- Pemfling village square - On the dictatorial behavior of the preservationists. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung. October 26, 2010, accessed September 5, 2016 .
- List of monuments for Pemfling (PDF) at the Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation