Thierlstein Castle

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Thierlstein Castle today

The Thierlstein Castle (also Castle Lichtenstein called) is located in the same district of the Upper Palatinate town of Cham in the district of Cham of Bavaria (Thierlstein 14-18).


The Ministerialengeschlecht the animal Linger enters 1125 on the first time, probably they were vassals of the Diepoldsberg Inger . 1365 miles Stephanus de Türlstein is mentioned in a papal document. Other owners are an Ebo in 1374 and an Erasmus in 1384. Stefan II is mentioned in 1411 as a nurse in Cham or Ulrich II as a nurse in Neunburg . 1488 Hans II participates in the Löwler uprising against Duke Albrecht and has to hand Thierlstein over to his son as a punishment. The castle becomes the Bavarian Hofmark and loses its importance.

Thierlstein has a common history with Traubenbach (today Untertraubbach von Cham ). Around 1180, a Mengotus de Trübinbach renounced the Reichenbach monastery on an estate of his brother Gozpert , which the latter had donated in Trübinbach. 1377 was the last time an Andre der Draubnaher was found . The Thierlingers and the Trübenbachers seem to have been related to each other. The Thierlingers are likely to have assumed the inheritance . In 1441 Stephan Thierlinger called himself after Traubenbach. Stefan the Türlinger zum Türlstein is mentioned in 1428 and therefore Thierlstein is certified as the ancestral home of this family. In the land table from 1488, both castles are named with different owners, but only Thierlstein is owned by the Thierlingers and Traubenbach is owned by the Murachers . In 1503 both court stamps are again shown as belonging to the Thierlingers , although Traubenbach is still shown to the Murachers. At the end of the 16th century, a daughter of Georg von Murach finally brought Traubenbach into marriage with Georg Thierlinger . Since then, both court brands have been linked in personal union.

In the 16th century the Thierlingers became Protestant , the last representative Georg Bernhardt Thierlinger died in 1620 in the Battle of the White Mountain in the Thirty Years' War . Jakob Pollinger acquired the two court stamps from the Thierlingers' creditors in 1622, but sold them to Mr. von Huzlrechter in 1625 . Thierlstein's widow sold in 1630 to Wilhelm von Köckh zu Mauerstetten , who Köckh lived here until 1768. At the end of the 18th century the Barons von Pfetten are mentioned as owners, followed in 1785 by Count Max von Taufkirchen . In 1811 Karl Freiherr von Schacky bought the property on Schönfeld . In 1820 the Ministry of the Interior authorizes the Count of Taufkirchen to set up a first class patrimonial court here . In 1884 the daughter-in-law of Baron von Schacky sold the property, which Arnold Ritter acquired in 1895. The castle is in the hands of the Barons von Lichtenstern until 1984 . Then the Barons von Schacky bought the castle back.

The Thierlstein Castle Brewery developed from the farm buildings of the Hofmark . At the end of the 19th century these buildings fell into bourgeois hands. In 1899 Josef Sauer, son of the landowner Josef Sauer von Hötzing and grandfather of the current senior boss Rudolf Sauer, acquired the economically usable parts of the property, namely the inn, the brewery, the farm buildings and the agricultural land. Since then, the farmyard and the Thierlstein castle brewery have been owned by the Sauer family. The buildings were opened from 2006 to 2008 by the current owner, Marie-Theres Fischer, b. Sour, renovated.

Thierlstein Castle after an engraving by Michael Wening from 1721

Thierlstein Castle then and now

At the beginning of the development here was just a dungeon , then developed around which the castle. The keep and the adjoining residential building were built around 1360 under the name Lichtenstein ; however, this name Lichtenstein is only attested once in 1367. The name refers to the fact that Thierlstein was built on the pile , a bright quartz rock. The complex was largely spared from war damage and fires, although renovations in the 15th century could indicate the removal of damage caused by possible partial destruction by the Hussites .

According to the engraving by Michael Wening from 1721, Thierlstein is a three-storey complex consisting of several components. A tower, it was supposed to be the keep, towers over the castle by two storeys. A crenellated wall with a corner tower separates the castle from its surroundings.

Even today the castle building is a two-wing complex. In the eastern part there is a three-storey half- hipped roof building with the round keep. This has a diameter of six meters, walls two meters thick and is made of broken stone. The entrance is twelve meters high. From 1895, under Arnold Ritter, the keep was given a crenellated wreath and other smaller neo-Gothic alterations were made. At this a three-storey includes Palas with balconies and battlements. The east building is medieval , but was changed around 1900. The northern part is a three-storey half-hipped roof building with stepped extensions. The west building dates from the 18th century. The medieval castle wall made of granite rubble has a double staircase, gates and a shell tower. The park building is a post construction with a flat gable roof and frame ornament from the 19th century.

The castle was extensively renovated by the von Schacky family in 1988/89 and is considered a prime example of successful Bavarian monument preservation. Today it is revitalized by cultural events (e.g. Christmas markets). As part of such events, guided castle tours are also possible in the otherwise privately used castle.


  • Max Piendl: The Cham district court (pp. 48–49). (= Historical Atlas of Bavaria, part of Altbayern booklet 8). Commission for Bavarian History, Michael Lassleben Verlag, Munich 1955.

Individual evidence

  1. The history of the Thierlstein Castle Brewery
  2. Romantic Christmas market at Thierlstein Castle

Web links

Commons : Thierlstein  - Collection of Images

Coordinates: 49 ° 12 ′ 24.9 "  N , 12 ° 35 ′ 34.2"  E