The expired Raindorf Castle was located in the district of the same name in the Upper Palatinate municipality of Runding in the Cham district of Bavaria . The castle, a Niederungsburg , stood on a small step in the flat terrain of Chambau to the northeast at the foot of the Blauberg.
In the second half of the 12th century, Raindorfer Vlricus de Raondorf was the first to appear in a tradition of the convent . He should be attributed to the ministry of the Diepoldingen . A miles Chunrad de Roeundorf is first mentioned in a document in 1282 . This probably belonged to the Puchberger's servants . The Raindorf family remained in the possession of Raindorf until 1474. The last of the Raindorfer at the headquarters was Jörg Raindorfer , son of Hans the Younger , who can then be verified as a citizen of Cham in 1493. The Raindorf family can be identified with Johann Josef Raindorf until 1687 , but they emigrated to other regions (Cham, Landau, Stuhlweissenburg in Hungary).
In 1474 Hans Kolb was in possession of the country estate . His mother was from Raindorf and so the handover took place within the same family. However, Hans Raindorfer is still entered in the land tables from 1488 and 1503 . After Hans Kolb followed to 1544 Paul piston and then back on Georg Kolb . Field Marshal Andreas Kolb comes from the Kolb von Raindorf family and became known as a military leader under Elector Maximilian I during the Thirty Years' War . In addition to him, Oswald and Ludwig Kolb can be traced on Raindorf until 1599 .
1622, the seat goes through buying on the browning and salt against writer Albrecht Hörl of Furth im Wald on. Sebastian Kolb on Arnstein again asserts claims on the family estate, but in 1627 he has to hand over Raindorf back to the Hörl. After his death in 1636 his son-in-law Johann Salmansperger , city physicist of Cham, took over his legacy.
The destruction in the Thirty Years' War was probably the reason for the frequent changes of ownership in the second half of the 17th century. In 1659, Wolf Friedrich Pallinger was certified as the owner. In 1659 the keeper reported to the government that Raindorf had passed from Hans Rudolf Pelkofer to Johann Wilhelm Podmotzky . In 1673, the keeper Schrenck von Notzing reported to the Straubing Regional Court that his patron and cousin had now taken the estate by marriage. In 1675 the estate was transferred to the wife of the imperial captain Johann Dillinger von Gemsenfeld . Raindorf sold this to Johann Christoph von Hautzenberg on Ränkam in 1685 . From this it acquire the Nothafft to Wernberg on Runding . The emergency repairs replaced the dilapidated mansion building with an economic building and thus transformed Raindorf Castle into a Meierhof .
In 1780, the emergency authorities reported to the regional court that the estate had been awarded to the court clerk Johann Dennerle von Runding as a legacy. But he died a year later and so Raindorf came back to the emergency. In 1821 they were allowed to set up a first class patrimonial court in Runding, to which Gut Raindorf was also affiliated. In 1829 the state bought all of the local goods that were heavily indebted and jurisdiction also fell to the state or the regional court.
Nothing is known about the appearance of the high and late medieval fortifications. The only view from the time before the destruction in the Thirty Years War shows on the land panel of Philipp Apian from 1568 a high residential tower-like building with two corner cores next to another building with a gable roof within a circular wall . From 1687 onwards, the emergency workers had the former castle demolished and rebuilt as a large Maierhof. This rectangular system, which certainly also contained the building fabric of its predecessor, was built over after 1829 and greatly changed. In place of the buildings of the farm yard, there are three agricultural properties (Heumann, Hirmer and Kolbeck). Until its demolition, the remains of the walls from the late medieval and modern times were preserved in the Kolbeckhof , which previously served as a stately distillery. Other older remains of the wall can still be seen on the property's barn.
Today nothing can be seen of the system.
- Bernhard Ernst: Building castles in the southeastern Upper Palatinate from the early Middle Ages to the early modern period (= work on the archeology of southern Germany . Volume 16 ). Part II catalog. Dr. Faustus, Büchenbach 2001, ISBN 3-933474-20-5 .
- Max Piendl: The district court Cham (= Commission for Bavarian History [Hrsg.]: Historical Atlas of Bavaria . Part Altbayern Heft 8). Verlag Michael Laßleben, Munich 1955, p. 58 .