Windischbergerdorf Castle

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Windischbergerdorf Castle today

The Windischbergerdorf Castle is located in the district Windischbergerdorf the Upper Palatinate town of Cham in the district of Cham of Bavaria (Castle Road 1, Post Road 3 and 5).


At the end of the 13th century, Windischbergerdorf Castle at the foot of the Buchberg was the seat of the Puchberg ministerial family . In 1287 a Marquardus miles ductus de Pergerdorf is documented. In 1353 Georg von Puchberg owned the noble estate Pergerdorf zu Winzer . The Puchbergers migrated to Winzer through marriage . After the Puchbergers, the estate was awarded as a knight's fief to the Counts of Schwarzenberg zu Hohenlandsberg on Egenkofen and winemakers . At that time the name Windischbergerdorf was not in use, the place was then called Puchbergerdorf. In 1574 the name Windischbergerdorf was mentioned for the first time. The addition of the name Windisch was used to describe the village more closely, to separate it from Großbergerdorf near Pemfling .

Hiltprant von Wonsiedl zu Pergedorf is entered here in the land table from 1488 . In 1503 the estate is owned by Lautrer von Dörfering , Richter zu Cham. In 1579 the Wrenstl appear as the owner. The Protestant Hans Wenstl was from 1531 to 1579 caretaker administrator, Kastner and district judge of Cham and Schwarzenberg fiefdom in Cham. In 1579 Christoph Wenstl took over the estate and freed it from the Schwarzenberg fiefdom in 1605; his possessions became a Hofmark .

From this acquired Sebastian Perghofer of OZing in Deggendorf 1608 the Landsassengut . As a Protestant, he was asked to become Catholic or to leave the country in 1626. He sold the estate and moved to Nuremberg . He was lost in the Thirty Years War . Further owners are in 1626 Christoph Hörl , brewery manager in Schwarzach, and in 1663 the widow of Max Mair . Maximilian Mayr, Mayor of Ingolstadt , came into possession of the estate in 1654. In 1677, the city treasurer of Cham, Matthias Koch, bought the estate from Simon Kellner . In 1740, the castle owner and councilor of Cham Felix Babl was slain by the Pandours and some of the buildings collapsed.

In the middle of the 18th century, Johann Nepomuk von Fischl and in 1756 the Chamer brewery manager Johann Martin Obersberger († 1789) are named as owners. He had the dilapidated property rebuilt and a castle chapel built. In 1789 the Rittmeister Max Rechthaler came into possession of the estate through marriage to the daughter of the Obersberger. In 1794 Johanna von Rechthaler is registered here. In 1803, Baron Joseph von Bugniete was named here. He fought against the Austrians under Napoleon and died in 1809 in the Battle of Eggmühl . Johanna von Rechthaler brought the estate to Anton Saxl through marriage in 1817 . 1846 is a Kerscher owner of the manor.

In 1852 the four-story tower of the castle was sold to Georg Lankes . In 1857 he also acquired the rest of the castle and the rest of the land. In 1881 Georg Lankes shared the castle property with his two sons. Ignaz Lankes received the tower and the front part, above the entrance of which the coat of arms of Obersperger was walled in. Josef Lankes got the rest of the castle. In 1905 Ignaz Lankes sold his part to Anton Althammer and Anton Althammer to a goods dealer. Then it acquired Therese Plotz and handed it in 1924 her son Ludwig Plotz . Josef Lankes also sold his part to Therese Plötz. In 1910 the property went to the goods trader Kirschbaum , who then sold it to Albert Plötz , who passed it on to Anton Bauer . In 1936 Max Fuchs bought the southern and northern parts (Hs. No. 12 1/4), Josef Schuhbauer had had Hs. No. 12 since 1910. In 1962, Maria Gatz became the owner of Hs. 12, which will be auctioned off in 1976.

As part of the regional reform in Bavaria , the municipality of Windischbergerdorf was incorporated into the town of Cham on May 1, 1978.

Windischbergerdorf Castle after an engraving by Michael Wening from 1721

Windischbergerdorf Castle then and now

The castle is at the highest point of the old village center. According to the engraving by Michael Wening , the castle is a four-sided complex below the Buchberg with a tower covered by a two-bell hew on a castle corner. The facility is bordered by a simple fence from the environment, with farm buildings still being located within the delimitation. Wening describes the residence as follows: “Pergerdorf is just a small Landsassengütl ... next to the Chamb river a little higher, has a built apartment ... with a small chapel (St. Michael), is otherwise to the next remote parish Chammünster proper. "

As a result of the reconstruction by Johann Martin Obersberger , the castle was significantly changed in the 18th century, so that today there is no longer any resemblance to the etching by Wening.

Two staggered structures (front and rear lock) are still preserved from the former castle. To the north is a two-storey, gable roof building with the tower stump of the Romanesque keep ; this has a corner cuboid and vault. To the south is a two-part, two-storey half- hipped roof building , which is medieval in essence , but was rebuilt around 1756. One building is still dated 1780. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the building was changed several times. In 1828 the castle burned out and in 1876 it was partially demolished, the keep was reduced by two floors. The palace chapel is part of the palace .


  • Max Piendl: The district court Cham (= Commission for Bavarian History [Hrsg.]: Historical Atlas of Bavaria . Part Altbayern Heft 8). Verlag Michael Laßleben, Munich 1955, p. 52-53 .

Web links

Commons : Schloss Windischbergerdorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 14 ′ 10.5 ″  N , 12 ° 42 ′ 34.9 ″  E