The Ramsbergers appeared in the 12th century as ministerials for the Counts of Bogen and the Passau Monastery and were in possession of their ancestral castle Altrandsberg until the 15th century. The Ramsperger family split into two lines in the 14th century. While the older line remained at the headquarters, Friedrich the Younger built Neurandsberg Castle near Rattenberg in Lower Bavaria around 1330 . In 1441 Niklas Ramsberger called himself after Altransberg. In the land table of 1447, the Rampsbergers are also certified as owners of the Hofmark . The Paulsdorfer follow them . Hans Paulsdorfer the Younger in Kürn , 1491–1512 Vice Cathedral in Straubing , called himself in 1445 for the first time in Ramsperg . In 1491 he prescribed his wife Alhait , born von Aichperg and widow of Georg Schwarzensteiner , to all his possessions on Altrandsberg as a refutation of their marriage property . Hans Paulsdorfer zu der Kürn auf Altrandsberg was married three times, his last wife was Anna Notthracht von Wernberg , daughter of Heinrich Nothaft zu Runding . In 1502 the woman made Anna of Hans Paulsdorfer after receiving their marriage gift Erbverzicht against her father Heinrich Notthafft to Runding and brothers. Through this marriage, however, the takeover of Altrandsberg to the Nothracht family was prepared. In 1511 Anna inherited Altrandsberg and married Wilhelm von Haunsberg for the second time . He sold Altrandsberg with the consent of his wife on April 17, 1515 to his brother-in-law Heinrich Nothaft von Wernberg on Runding . But as early as 1510 Albrecht and Georg Nothracht were certified as owners for the first time , while the Paulsdorf residents were still registered here in 1505. In 1527, Landgrave Johann von Leuchtenberg, as guardian of Counts Wladislaus and Leonhard von Haag, waived all rights that Adelhaid von Aichberg , the wife of Hans Paulsdorfer , might still be entitled to at Altrandsberg Castle.
In the year 1533 Heinrich Notthracht von Wernberg died on Runding . In the division of inheritance between his sons on January 20, 1545, Niklas and Heimeran received the rule of Runding, while Albrecht Altrandsberg was assigned with the rule of Haibach . On November 12, 1551, Albrecht Nothphia sold the property to his mother-in-law Euphemia , widow of Georg Castner zu Amberg , but was still able to live in Altrandsberg. After his death on July 14th, 1580, the sons of Jeremias , Hans and Sebald , decided to divide the estate. Sebald stayed in Altrandsberg, Jeremias settled in Grub near Kötzting and Blaibach and his brother Hans in Bernhardswald . In 1614, Sebald Nothracht zu Altrandsberg and Liebenau made a purchase agreement with Philipp Ludwig Nothracht and his wife Genoveva , née Schad von Mittelbibrach, about the Altrandsberg Castle and the Hofmark Liebenau.
Around 1620 Altrandsberg passed by remarrying the widowed Genoveva to Christoph von Berliching (Perlaching) . He sold Altrandsberg in 1688 to his son-in-law, the Bohemian nobleman Johann Wilhelm Podtmoski von Podtmokl . From this, in 1670 Franz Freiherr von Closen zu Haidenburg , electoral councilor and treasurer, bought Altrandsberg, which he later handed over to his brother Ludwig Bernhard . In 1676, he again sold the castle to Hans Wolfgang von Leoprechting . Alltrandsberg stayed with this family until the 19th century. In 1821 the Leoprechtingers were allowed to set up a first class patrimonial court (including the Haid and Muggenbach court brands). In 1824 Altrandsberg was converted into a second class patrimonial court. In 1847 the Leoprechtinger Altrandsberg sold to Georg von Reit (d) er , owner of the patrimonial court of Saulburg . In 1848 jurisdiction passed to the state and the Altrandsberg estates were "smashed".
On May 23, 1854, the Aukofen landowner, Georg Hamminger, bought the castle and its ancillary buildings. After Georg Hamminger's death, ownership passed to his four children. On April 17, 1895 , the Jewish hop trader Ignatz Grünhut from Regensburg acquired the entire palace and building complex from them. On November 11, 1895, the castle and garden became the property of the Altrandsberg community. In addition to the existing church, the school, parish office, teacher's apartment and some small social housing were then housed in the castle. As part of the regional reform, the Altrandsbergers joined the community of Miltach from 1972 and the castle lost its function as a community seat and school (closed since 1971).
In 1981 the community of Miltach started the urgently needed castle renovation. The “Altrandsberg Castle Interest Group” was founded for this purpose. In 1992, the renovated east wing of the palace was handed over to its purpose as the “guest house”. Since then, events of the local associations have been held here regularly. In 1996 the St. Michael kindergarten was housed in the west wing of the castle. In 1998 the so-called “World Art Museum” with replicas of famous museum objects from the “ARA-Kunst Altrandsberg Company” was also housed here.
Altrandsberg Castle then and now
In the 17th century, under the Leoprechtingers, the castle was converted into a palace. In 1726 Michael Wening reported, among other things, of two fires in the castle. He writes:
“ This castle was owned by the von Leoprächting / these include the following Hofmarchen / Alten-Ramsperg / Oberdorff / Liebenau / Hardt and Auckubach / the first three of which also belong to the district court of Kötzting / the latter two to Mitterfelß. Several years ago the castle was ruined twice on the ground by the fire / but is in turn improved / and judged / that one has to live in it. The Schloß-Capell located there has the great heavenly prince, the holy Ertz angel Michael, as the patron saint. The Capell St. Antonii of Padua in the village of Hardt recognizes the Leoprechtingian family for builders vnd Stüffter / is provided by the pastor of Rottenberg. "
The engraving by Michael Wening from 1721 shows the two-storey main wing of the palace covered with a gable roof, behind which a rectangular palace complex and the onion dome of the palace chapel appear. In front of the castle there is a garden which is enclosed by a fortification (partly combined with buildings).
The property, which is now a listed building, is still a two-storey four-wing complex around a trapezoidal inner courtyard, which can be reached via an arched gate passage. There are houses here, some of which are clapboard, with hipped and gable roofs from the 17th century with parts of the medieval defensive wall sections , the former keep and the palace . Renovations and reconstructions took place after fires in the 16th and 17th centuries. The west wing was largely rebuilt in 1950. Remains of the fortification are preserved as granite quarry stone masonry . The castle gate has a round arch with a wedge and fighters and the date 1853.
In the south wing is the former St. Michael castle chapel with a shingled onion roof turret . This chapel in Altenramsperg Castle is mentioned for the first time in 1483, the chaplain of which was held by Regensburg Canon Georg von Paulsdorf . The chapel originally had a rib vault . It was redesigned in the first half of the 18th century and expanded as a branch church in the 1930s.
- Max Piendl: The Kötzting Regional Court (pp. 37–39). (= Historical Atlas of Bavaria, part of Altbayern issue 5). Commission for Bavarian State History, Michael Lassleben Verlag, Munich 1953.