|Height :||315 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||1.96 km²|
|Residents :||322 (Dec. 31, 2015)|
|Population density :||164 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 1971|
|Postal code :||64405|
|Area code :||06166|
Fischbachtal, Steinau in red
Steinau from the northwest
The village was first mentioned in a document in 1347, when Erkingen von Rodenstein sold his rights to Steinau "redeemed" to Count Wilhelm von Katzenelnbogen . In the 16th century the village belonged to the Junkers von Rodenstein; the Landgrave of Hesse had the "high and centable authority ".
In the Thirty Years War , only one farmer survived the atrocities of war.
Steinau was in the judicial district of the district of Oberramstadt . The centering was divided into so-called "rice car," each of which a top magistrate board that the Zentgrafen were subordinated. This district had to provide a freight wagon ( rice wagon ) including draft animals and servants for campaigns. Steinau belonged to the "Großbieberauer Reiswagen", to which Waldhausen consists of the places Niedernhausen , Billings , Meßbach and Nonrod as well as the villages Rodau , Wersau and Steinau. The entire district of Oberramstadt was assigned to the Lichtenberg office . This classification existed until the beginning of the 19th century.
From 1821 to 1909 the village belonged to the mayor's office of Neunkirchen and was then again an independent municipality. Ecclesiastically, the place has belonged to the parish of Neunkirchen since 1877 . A flour mill and an oil mill were in operation until the Second World War . The school was built in 1901.
The statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse reports on Steinau in 1829:
»Steinau (L. Bez. Reinheim) Lutheran Filialdorf; is 2 1 ⁄ 4 St. from Reinheim in a high valley at the foot of the Neunkircher Höhe, and has 20 houses and 143 souls that are except 1 Catholic Lutheran. There are 2 grinding mills with which 1 oil mill is connected. - Steinau was pledged in 1347 by Erkinger von Rodenstein to Wilhelm II, Count von Katzenellenbogen. This pledge was never redeemed. "
Up until the voluntary merger with the municipalities of Nonrod , Lichtenberg , Niedernhausen , Billings and Meßbach to form the Fischbachtal municipality on December 31, 1971, Steinau was an independent municipality as part of the regional reform in Hesse . For each of the earlier municipalities, a local district with a local advisory board and local councilor was set up in accordance with the Hessian municipal code. The municipal administration got its seat in the district of Niedernhausen.
Historical forms of names
In the historical documents, the place is documented under changing place names over the centuries (the year it was mentioned in brackets): Steina (1347); Steynauw (1433); Steinha (16th century); Steinenn (16th century); Steina (1653); Steinau (1748).
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Steinau was located and the administrative units to which it was subject:
- before 1479: Holy Roman Empire , County Katzenelnbogen , Upper County Katzenelnbogen (1457: to Rodensteiner Mark)
- from 1479: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse , Upper County of Katzenelnbogen
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt , Upper County Katzenelnbogen (1783: Amt Lichtenberg , Zent Oberramstadt , Großbieberauer Reiswagen )
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt, Principality of Starkenburg , Lichtenberg Office
- from 1806: Grand Duchy of Hesse , Principality of Starkenburg, Lichtenberg Office
- from 1815: German Confederation , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg , Lichtenberg Office
- from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Starkenburg Province, Reinheim District District (separation between justice ( Lichtenberg District Court ) and administration)
- from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Dieburg
- from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Dieburg administrative region
- from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Dieburg
- from 1866: Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Dieburg
- from 1871: German Empire , Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Starkenburg, District of Dieburg
- from 1918: German Empire, People's State of Hesse , Starkenburg Province, Dieburg District
- from 1938: German Empire, People's State of Hesse, District of Dieburg (In the course of the regional reform in 1938 , the three Hessian provinces of Starkenburg, Rheinhessen and Upper Hesse were dissolved.)
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Darmstadt district, Dieburg district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Darmstadt district, Dieburg district
- on December 31, 1971 to the new municipality of Fischbachtal
- from 1977: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt, administrative district Darmstadt-Dieburg in which the administrative districts of Dieburg and Darmstadt were dissolved in the course of the regional reform in Hesse .
Steinau belonged to the Oberramstadt district court . In 1791 the lower court is called "The Little Märker". In the Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, the judicial system was reorganized in an executive order of December 9, 1803. The “Hofgericht Darmstadt” was set up as a court of second instance for the Principality of Starkenburg . The jurisdiction of the first instance was carried out by the offices or the landlords . The Lichtenberg Office was responsible for Steinau. The court court was the second instance court for normal civil disputes, and the first instance for civil family law cases and criminal cases. The superior court of appeal in Darmstadt was superordinate . The main courts had lost their function.
With the formation of the regional courts in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, the regional court of Lichtenberg was the court of first instance from 1821 . It followed:
- from 1848: Regional Court of Reinheim (relocated from Lichtenberg)
- from 1879: Reinheim District Court (renamed); second instance district court Darmstadt
- from 1968: Dieburg District Court with the dissolution of the Reinheim District Court; second instance district court Darmstadt
|• 1629:||house seats10|
|• 1791:||66 inhabitants|
|• 1800:||114 inhabitants|
|• 1806:||116 inhabitants, 16 houses|
|• 1829:||143 inhabitants, 20 houses|
|• 1867:||178 inhabitants, 28 houses|
|Steinau: Population from 1791 to 2011|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 2011 census
|• 1829:||142 Lutheran (= 99.30%) and one Catholic (= 0.97%) residents|
|• 1961:||236 Protestant (= 96.33%), 7 Catholic (= 2.86%) residents|
For Steinau there is a local district (areas of the former municipality of Steinau) with a local advisory board and local head according to the Hessian municipal code . The local advisory board consists of five members. Since the local elections in 2016, it has had three members of the SPD , one member of the CDU and two non-party members. Mayor is Rainer Wüst (SPD).
Culture and sights
On the southern edge of Steinau is the fauna-flora-habitat area beech forests of the front Odenwald (FFH no. 6218-302; 37.0545 km²). Here you can find some rock formations that can be reached by circular hiking trails, such as the Kleiner Felsenmeer located directly on the outskirts and further east of the Rimdidim with striking cliffs and the so-called Gagernstein on its northwest flank. To the southwest of the village lies the Steinkopf with the Zindenauer Schlösschen, which is a designated natural monument .
- August: tent notch
- District Steinau In: Website of the municipality Fischbachtal.
- Steinau. Local history, information. In: www.fischbachtal-odw.de. Private website
- Steinau, Darmstadt-Dieburg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about Steinau in the Hessian Bibliography
- Steinau, Darmstadt-Dieburg district. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of June 8, 2016). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on June 25, 2016 .
- Fischbachtal in numbers. In: website. Fischbachtal community, accessed November 2019 .
- Darmstädter Echo , Wednesday, August 1, 2018, p. 19
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1791 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 123 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Wilhelm Müller: Hessian place names book: Starkenburg . Ed .: Historical Commission for the People's State of Hesse. tape 1 . Self-published, Darmstadt 1937, DNB 366995820 , OCLC 614375103 , p. 727 .
- Ferdinand Dieffenbach: The Grand Duchy of Hesse in the past and present . Literary Institution, Darmstadt 1877, p. 254 ( online at google books ).
- Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner : Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Starkenburg . tape 1 . Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt October 1829, OCLC 312528080 , p. 293 ( online at google books ).
- Hesse municipal area reform; Amalgamation and integration of municipalities of December 29, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 3 , p. 84 ff ., Item 94, Para. 71 ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 6.0 MB ]).
- Karl-Heinz Meier barley, Karl Reinhard Hinkel: Hesse. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation . Ed .: Hessian Minister of the Interior. Bernecker, Melsungen 1977, DNB 770396321 , OCLC 180532844 , p. 228 .
- main statute. (PDF; 237 kB) §; 5. In: Website. Fischbachtal community, accessed July 2019 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Grand Ducal Central Office for State Statistics (ed.): Contributions to the statistics of the Grand Duchy of Hesse . tape 1 . Großherzoglicher Staatsverlag, Darmstadt 1862, DNB 013163434 , OCLC 894925483 , p. 43 ff . ( Online at google books ).
- List of offices, places, houses, population. (1806) HStAD inventory E 8 A No. 352/4. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), as of February 6, 1806.
- Hessen-Darmstadt state and address calendar 1800 . In the publishing house of the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 124 ( online in the HathiTrust digital library ).
- Ph. AF Walther : Alphabetical index of the residential places in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . G. Jonghaus, Darmstadt 1869, OCLC 162355422 , p. 84 ( online at google books ).
- Selected data on population and households on May 9, 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and parts of the municipality. (PDF; 1.8 MB) In: 2011 Census . Hessian State Statistical Office
- LocalBoards. In: website. Fischbachtal community, accessed November 2019 .
- 6218-302 Beech forests of the front Odenwald (FFH area). Published by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation . Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- Gagernstein near Steinau in the Fischbachtal. In: Online-Destination.de. Private website, accessed November 2019 .
- Darmstädter Echo , Thursday, August 27, 2015, p. 18