Vinzenz Joseph von Schrattenbach
Vinzenz Joseph Graf von Schrattenbach (also: Vinzenz Joseph Franz von Sales Reichsfürst von Schrattenbach ; Czech: Vincenc Josef kníže Schrattenbach ; born June 18, 1744 in Brno ; † May 25, 1816 in Brno) was Prince-Bishop of Lavant and Bishop of Brno .
Vinzenz Josef came from the Austrian aristocratic family von Schrattenbach , who had been elevated to baron status in 1598 and counts in 1649 . His parents were Franz Anton Xaver Count von Schrattenbach Freiherr zu Heggenberg a. Osterwitz , Governor a . Gubernialpräsident of Moravia , hereditary land rough cutter in Styria , kk Real Privy Councilor and Chamberlain , († 1783), and Maria Josepha Walpurga, b. Imperial Countess of Wrbna and Freudenthal, Star Cross Order Lady , († 1791). One of his father's brothers, Siegmund Christoph Graf von Schrattenbach , was Prince Archbishop of Salzburg from 1753 to 1771 , legate (ambassador) of the papal see and Primate Germaniae .
Vinzenz Joseph attended the Theresianum in Vienna from 1751 and is said to have studied in Salzburg later, where he was ordained a member of the cathedral chapter in 1762 and a priest in 1768, and was appointed President of the Court Council in 1771.
Prince-Bishop of Lavant
After the death of Lavant Bishop Franz II. Count Breuner (1777), the Salzburg Archbishop Colloredo appointed Vinzenz Joseph von Schrattenbach as his successor and consecrated him on July 6, 1777. He also received the St. Mauritz provosts in Friesach and Maria Saal , became vicar general for Upper and Lower Carinthia and governor of the Salzburg archbishop in Friesach.
During his tenure, the dioceses of Gurk , Seckau and Lavant were restructured, with the enclaves being dissolved and Lavant receiving Lower Styria , which had previously belonged to the dioceses of Görz and Laibach . According to an agreement of 1786 between Emperor Joseph II and the Archbishop of Salzburg, Lavant, who until then had the status of a Salzburg self-bishopric, was raised to a suffragan in the church province of Salzburg from 1789 . As a result of the restructuring, Lavant received parts of the Slovenian population, through which it was subsequently caught up in a strong national movement.
On November 27, 1788, Vinzenz Joseph von Schrattenbach zu Buda was raised to the rank of personal imperial prince by Joseph II . In the same year he, who is said to have ruled mildly and dutifully and was greatly appreciated by the people and clergy, was elected Provost of Salzburg. Since Archbishop Colloredo refused the cumulation of offices, Schrattenbach renounced his diocese Lavant on January 29, 1790.
After the death of Lavant Bishop Gandolf Ernst von Kuenburg in 1793 , Emperor Franz II asked Vinzenz Joseph von Schrattenbach to take over the diocese of Lavant again. After the nomination made on June 25, 1795 by Archbishop Colloredo, he agreed and was on July 26 th. J. confirmed papally.
Bishop of Brno
Because of his age, Vinzenz Joseph von Schrattenbach tried to find a diocese that was easier to look after. Emperor Franz II therefore nominated him on June 4, 1800 as the successor to Bishop Johann Baptist Lachenbauer of Brno . The papal confirmation of August 11, 1800 was followed by the assumption of office in Brno on October 11, 1800, where as early as 1783 the possessions of his family had passed to him by will.
During his tenure in Brno he was able to build a seminary in the former Dominican monastery. In 1805 and 1809 he is said to have done a lot for the population during the French occupation.
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Schrattenbach, Vincenz Joseph Graf . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 31st part. Imperial-Royal Court and State Printing Office, Vienna 1876, p. 269 f. ( Digitized version ).
- France M. Dolinar in: Erwin Gatz (ed.): The bishops of the Holy Roman Empire. 1648 to 1803. A biographical lexicon. Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-428-06763-0 , pp. 671-667
- J. Siebmacher's Great Book of Arms. Volume 26: The coats of arms of the nobility in Lower Austria. Part 2: S to Z. Reprographic reprint. Bauer & Raspe, Neustadt an der Aisch 1983, ISBN 3-87947-036-7 .
|SURNAME||Schrattenbach, Vinzenz Joseph von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schrattenbach, Vinzenz Joseph Franz Sales Graf von (full name); Schrattenbach, Vincenc Josef kníže (Czech)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Prince-Bishop of Lavant; Bishop of Brno|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 18, 1744|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Brno|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 25, 1816|
|Place of death||Brno|