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Urban-type settlement
Federal district far East
republic Sakha (Yakutia)
Ulus Mirny
Founded 1961
Urban-type settlement since 1962
population 13,727 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Height of the center 550  m
Time zone UTC + 9
Telephone code (+7) 41136
Post Code 678190-678191
License Plate 14th
OKATO 98 231 552
Geographical location
Coordinates 65 ° 57 '  N , 111 ° 30'  E Coordinates: 65 ° 56 '30 "  N , 111 ° 29' 30"  E
Aichal (Russia)
Red pog.svg
Situation in Russia
Aichal (Republic of Sakha)
Red pog.svg
Location in the Sakha Republic
List of large settlements in Russia

Aichal ( Yakut . And Russian Айхал ; the Yakut word stands for " fame ") is a mining settlement in the Russian Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It has the status of an urban-type settlement and has 13,727 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


It is situated in Vilyuy River basin, about 60 km south of the city udachny and the Arctic Circle and 500 km north-east of Rajonverwaltungszentrums Mirny .

The river Sochsoloch runs near the city . Translated from Yakut, the name means "river of death". Legend has it that countless reindeer drowned while trying to cross the river on the thin ice.


The settlement was founded in 1961 in the course of the discovery and development of the "Aichal" kimberlite vent. As early as 1962 it received the status of an urban-type settlement. In 1985 another mine, "Jubileinaja" ( Юбилейная ), was opened 20 kilometers from Aichal .

Population development

year Residents
1970 5,386
1979 5,440
1989 11,552
2002 15,782
2010 13,727

Note: census data


On the basis of the kimberlite deposits around Aichal, which have been discovered since 1960, ALROSA mines diamonds in the "Aichal" and "Jubileinaja" mines . The mining takes place in the open pit . The ores are enriched in "Factory No. 14" in the town.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)

Web links