|UNESCO world heritage|
|Amalfi coast with a view of Positano
|Criteria :||(ii) (iv) (v)|
|Reference No .:||830|
|UNESCO region :||Europe and North America|
|History of enrollment|
|Enrollment:||1997 (session 21)|
The Amalfi Coast , in Italian Costiera amalfitana , is located on the west coast of Italy on the Gulf of Salerno and is part of the south coast of the Sorrentine Peninsula . The Amalfi Coast is about 40 km south of Naples.
In addition to the eponymous town of Amalfi , Ravello , Atrani , Scala , Cetara , Furore , Conca dei Marini , Maiori , Minori , Vietri sul Mare , Praiano , Positano and Tramonti are on the Amalfi Coast. The Amalfitana coastal road runs along the coast .
Location and sights
The places Amalfi, Atrani, Maiori, Minori and Vietri sul Mare are located directly on the sea, as is the former fishing town of Positano , which is considered the "pearl" of the Amalfi Coast. It is laid out in terraces sloping towards the sea. The city of Amalfi is famous for its cathedral from 937 and one of the most important tourist centers in southern Italy .
Even during the Roman Empire, the Amalfi Coast was a popular summer residence for wealthy Romans, who built numerous villas on the coast such as the Villa Romana Marittima in Minori . The works of art and mosaics in the villas testify to wealth and luxury, although such works from this period can only be found in the rest of Campania and in Barcola near Trieste, except in Rome .
The tourism is the main source of income on the Amalfi Coast. Another line of business is the cultivation of lemons , especially the Femminello sfusato variety , on small terraces; the pods are used for the production of limoncello .
White , rosé and red wines with the designation Costa d'Amalfi DOC are produced on the coast , which have had a "controlled designation of origin " ( Denominazione di origine controllata - DOC) since 1995 .
- The white wines ( Costa d'Amalfi Bianco ) are mainly produced from the grape varieties Falanghina and Biancolella .
- The red wines ( Costa d'Amalfi Rosso ) consist mainly of Piedirosso (locally also called "Per 'e palummo") and Sciascinoso .
- Wines with the mention of a sub-zone (sottozona) can also be marketed. The sub-zones are Ravello , Tramonti and Furore .
In 2017, 3850 hectoliters of DOC wine were produced on 66 hectares of vineyards.
- Bencivenga, Ferguson, Melillo Research on Roman villa in Minori in: Annals of the Oriental Institute of Naples, Archeology and Ancient History , (1/1979), pp. 131 ff.
- NostraItalia.it: Lemons and the Amalfi Coast Limoncello (sic). Retrieved January 14, 2017 .
- Provvedimenti generali relativi ai Disciplinari consolidati dei vini DOP e IGP italiani. (PDF) politicheagricole.it (Italian Ministry of Agriculture), November 27, 2017, accessed on August 4, 2018 (Italian, download page with all consolidated specifications of Italian DOP and IGP wines).
- Viticulture in figures 2018. (PDF) In: VQPRD d'Italia 2018. federdoc.com, accessed on July 10, 2019 (Italian).