Brampton, Ontario

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nickname : Flower City
Brampton Dominion Building
Brampton Dominion Building
Motto : Flower City
Location in Ontario
Brampton, Ontario
State : CanadaCanada Canada
Province : Ontario
Regional Municipality : Peel
Coordinates : 43 ° 41 ′  N , 79 ° 46 ′  W Coordinates: 43 ° 41 ′  N , 79 ° 46 ′  W
Height : 212  m
Area : 266.71 km²
Residents : 523,911 (as of 2011)
Population density : 1,964.3 inhabitants / km²
Time zone : Eastern Time ( UTC − 5 )
Postal code : L6P - L7A
Foundation : 1853
Mayor : Susan Fennell
Website :
The Rose Theater forecourt
Zehrs Shopping Mall

Brampton [ ˈbɹæmtən ] is a city northwest of Toronto in the Province of Ontario in Canada .


In 1818 the British government bought 2,622 km² of land from the Mississauga Indians for 550 pounds and 10 shillings. In 1819 the land was measured before the first settlers settled down shortly afterwards. In 1853 the parish of Brampton was created on a section of this land. The name goes back to the settler John Elliott, who emigrated to Canada from the Brampton area in England. The first railway line reached Brampton on June 16, 1856. In 1873 the parish was granted town charter. The first telephone exchange is opened in 1881. By 1883 there were already 23 telephones in the city. JO Hutton built a hydroelectric power station on the Credit River in 1885, and the town received electric street lighting in the same year. However, it was not until 1911 that Brampton was connected to the electrical network of the energy company Ontario Hydro . In 1952, in a referendum, the creation of a local public transport company was rejected by a narrow majority. It wasn't until 1980 that the city began building a bus network.


Brampton population development:

1853 1,000 (estimate)
1981 149.090
1986 188,498
1991 234,445
1996 268.251
2001 325,428 (of which 129,280 were not born in Canada)
2006 433,806
2011 523,911 (of which 263,670 were not born in Canada)

Brampton is very much influenced by immigration , which was primarily responsible for the rapid population growth in recent decades. 38.4% of the population describe according to the Canadian census of 2011 as South Asian ( South Asian ), 13.5% as Black ( Black ), 3.4% as Filipinos . A total of 66.4% of the population are "visible minorities" ( visible minorities ) to - the highest rate in all of Canada, 0.7% are Canadian natives and 32.9% white.

The following membership numbers are from the 2011 census.

Roman Catholic Church 135,555 (26.0%)
Protestant churches 100,300 (19.1%)
Sikhism 97,790 (18.8%)
Hinduism 63,390 (12.1%)
Islam 36,960 (7.1%)
No religion 50,855 (9.7%)


Several larger companies have their headquarters in the city. These include the retail company Loblaw Companies , Maple Lodge Farms, Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, Zellers , Maritime-Ontario Freight Lines. Furthermore, the Linux Professional Institute is located in Brampton and is responsible, among other things, for issuing the certificates.

The most important branches of industry in Brampton are automotive ( Ford , Chrysler ) and the manufacture of telecommunications technology ( Nortel had its headquarters in Brampton). Also worth mentioning is the company MD Robotics (formerly SPAR Aerospace), which became known for the Canadarm manipulator arm for the Space Shuttle and its successor Canadarm2 for the International Space Station .



The Ontario Highway 401 , Ontario's main highway, and 407 run near the southern border of Brampton, while the 410 and 427 highways lead directly into the city. Due to the underdeveloped local public transport , traffic jams on the motorways and main roads are the rule during the daily rush hour.

Rail transport

The railway lines from Toronto via Stratford to London and from Mississauga to Orangeville run through Brampton. With 6 VIA-Rail long-distance trains per day (2003), passenger transport, as in Canada, plays only a minor role overall. There are direct connections to London, Windsor and Sarnia . On weekdays, 18 GO Transit suburban trains run daily to Toronto and Kitchener .

air traffic

The largest airport in the greater Toronto area, Toronto-Pearson Airport , is located on the southwest border of Brampton in Mississauga.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b 2011 Census Bulletin 1 - Population and Dwelling Counts. (PDF 697 KB) (No longer available online.) City of Brampton, archived from the original on April 4, 2016 ; Retrieved March 6, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. City of Brampton - Brampton's Top Headquarters ( Memento of the original from December 23, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /