|Motto : Ex industria prosperitas|
|Location in Ontario|
|Regional Municipality :||Waterloo|
|Area :||136.79 km²|
- Metropolitan Area :
|219,153 (as of 2011)
477,160 (as of 2011)
|Population density :||1,602.1 inh / km²|
|Time zone :||Eastern Time ( UTC − 5 )|
|Postal code :||N2A to N2R|
|Area code :||+1 519 and 226|
|Mayor :||Berry Vrbanovic|
Location in the Waterloo region
Kitchener [ kɪtʃənəɹ ] (until 1916 Berlin ) is a city in Ontario ( Canada ), about 100 km southwest of Toronto . The city is often with the neighboring university town of Waterloo as Twin Cities ( Twin Cities summarized). The metropolitan area also includes the cities of Cambridge , North Dumfries and Woolwich and has a total of 477,160 inhabitants. Kitchener itself has 219,153 inhabitants (as of 2011). The city is the seat of the Waterloo Regional Municipality (administrative district).
The city was originally a Mennonite settlement and was named Ebytown after its leader . In 1833 it was named Berlin and became the secret capital of the Germans in Canada. Under the influence of anti-German currents during the First World War , the city of Berlin was renamed in 1916 after a popular vote boycotted by many residents after the well-known British Field Marshal and Minister of War Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener . In the 1990s there was an initiative to rename the city back to Berlin, but it did not find enough support.
Nevertheless, the German influence can still be felt in the city today, for example through the annual Oktoberfest , to which many guests come from all over North America. There is also a Christmas market .
Location and climate
Kitchener is centrally located in the province of Ontario on the Grand River . The city is located approximately 100 km from Toronto, 80 km from London and Mississauga. In the immediate vicinity are the cities of Guelph , approx. 30 km away, and Waterloo , which borders the city directly.
The climate is comparable to that in Europe with warm to hot summers and cool to very cold winters. The average temperatures from January to March are between −7 and −1 degrees Celsius. In April and June these rise to 5.8 degrees and 17.3 degrees Celsius, in July and September 19.8 and 14.3 degrees Celsius. In the summer months, however, temperatures can rise to over 30 degrees Celsius for several days, which can also occur occasionally in October. At the end of September and October, temperatures gradually drop, reaching average daily temperatures between 14 degrees and -3 degrees Celsius.
Berry Vrbanovic has been Mayor of Kitchener since February 2014. He took over the office from Carl Zehr , who with 17 years in office was the longest serving mayor of the city.
The city's supreme body is the Kitchener City Council, which consists of the Mayor and ten councilors according to the number of boroughs. Its composition reflects the development of Kitchener from a German-influenced city to a multi-ethnic location. Current councilors are Scott Davey, Dave Schnider, John Gazzola, Yvonne Fernandes, Kelly Galloway, Paul Singh, Bil Ioannidis, Zyg Janecki, Frank Etherington and Sarah Marsh.
Economy and Infrastructure
Kitchener benefits from the direct vicinity of the city of Waterloo , in which many research institutions and companies in the high-tech sector have settled. Kitchener's economy is more manufacturing-driven. The largest companies in Kitchener include Maple Leaf Foods , Kuntz Electroplating Inc., Dare Foods, and MTD Products Ltd. Kitchener is Christie's corporate headquarters . The BFGoodrich tire plant with 1,100 employees was closed in 2006, the Kitchener Frame plant ( Budd Company ) with 1,200 employees in 2008 and the Lear Corporation plant with former 1,300 employees in 2015.
The city has several elementary and secondary schools in the city area up to grade 12 (high school). The city also has a campus for the University of Waterloo and other colleges.
Urban public transportation is operated by Grand River Transit . Several bus routes connect key areas within Waterloo and Kitchener. Greyhound Canada also operates some bus routes and long-distance bus routes. Since 2019 combines a light rail (Light Rail) Kitchener Waterloo.
Conestoga Parkway and Highway 8 connect Waterloo and Kitchener, Cambridge, and Highway's 7/8 and Highway 401 .
The city has a train station. VIA Rail Canada offers connections between Sarnia and Toronto . These trains stop at the station, southeast of the Waterloo border at the corner of Victoria Street and Weber Street. The train station can be reached by public transport via Downtown Kitchener.
The nearest airport in the Waterloo region is Waterloo Airport (IATA code YKF). The airport is located approximately five miles east of Kitchener. The airport has been expanded and renovated in recent years so that larger aircraft can fly to it. The airport has two runways.
So far, the airport has only been served by smaller planes, but more recently, regular connections have been offered due to the increasing number of passengers. Westjet Airlines has set up a non-stop connection from Waterloo / Kitchener to Calgary with a Boeing 737-700 several times a day . Westjet Airlines has also been offering a connection to Vancouver since June 2010. Bearskin Airlines has been offering scheduled flights between Waterloo / Kitchener and Ottawa since autumn 2007 . During the winter months, Sunwing Airlines offers connections to the Dominican Republic . American Airlines has been offering flights to Chicago since June 2012 .
Every year on the second weekend in August, the Kitchener Blues Festival takes place in the city center. With the exception of the opening evening on Thursday and the final concert, all musicians' performances are free of charge without admission. Concerts take place on a total of six stages, including one especially for children, from Friday lunchtime to Sunday evening, attracting a total of around 150,000 visitors. About 400 volunteers and fundraising make the implementation possible. Together with the Grand River Blues Society , the series of young talents Blues in the Schools and the Youth Legacy Showcase event are held in April throughout the year .
- Don Awrey (born 1943), ice hockey player
- Elise Bauman (* 1990), actress
- Don Beaupre (* 1961), ice hockey goalkeeper
- Jenna Blasman (* 1993), snowboarder
- Kristin Booth (* 1974), actress
- Brian Bradley (born 1965), ice hockey player
- Woody Dumart (1916-2001), ice hockey player
- David Edgar (* 1987), football player
- Pietro Gagliano (* 1979), graphic designer and entrepreneur
- Thomas Geldmacher (* 1961), German-Canadian ice hockey player
- Nicolas Hague (* 1998), ice hockey player
- Mike Hoffman (* 1989), ice hockey player
- Jim Hoffmann (* 1962), Canadian-German ice hockey player
- Kevin Klein (* 1984), ice hockey player
- Alyssa Lagonia (* 1989), Italian-Canadian soccer player
- Michael Latta (* 1991), ice hockey player
- William Lyon Mackenzie King (1874–1950), politician and Prime Minister of Canada
- Dave Maloney (born 1956), ice hockey player
- Lois Maxwell (1927–2007), actress
- Daniel Miehm (* 1960), Roman Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Peterborough
- Margaret Millar (1915–1994), writer
- Duanne Moeser (* 1963), German-Canadian ice hockey player
- David Morrell (* 1943), writer and inventor of the figure of Rambo
- John Oswald (* 1953), improvisation musician and composer
- Tanner Pearson (born 1992), ice hockey player
- Sabine Platz (* 1971), television journalist
- Kyle Quincey (born 1985), ice hockey player
- Jeremy Ratchford (born 1965), actor
- Paul Reinhart (* 1960), ice hockey player
- Jason Reso (* 1973), WWE wrestler alias Christian
- Jim Sandlak (* 1966), ice hockey player, coach and scout
- Mark Scheifele (* 1993), ice hockey player
- Brad Schlegel (* 1968), ice hockey player
- Milt Schmidt (1918–2017), ice hockey player and manager
- Earl Seibert (1910–1990), ice hockey player
- Rod Seiling (born 1944), ice hockey player
- Frank J. Selke (1893–1985), ice hockey trainer and manager
- Darryl Sittler (born 1950), ice hockey player
- Edna Staebler (1906–2006), writer of regional cookbooks
- Logan Stanley (born 1998), ice hockey player
- Scott Stevens (born 1964), ice hockey player and coach
- Bramwell Tillsley (1931-2019), Salvation Army general
- George Ziegler (1889–1981), organist, choir director, conductor, composer and music teacher
- Walter Henry Zinn (1906–2000), Canadian-American scientist and nuclear physicist
- Census Profile Kitchener. Statistics Canada, accessed August 12, 2012 .
- Hans-Jürgen Hübner: Germans in Canada, November 3, 2011
- Kitchener's councilors, accessed June 7, 2012 ( September 17, 2012 memento in the Internet Archive )
- Fast Facts about Kitchener. (pdf; 172 kB) (No longer available online.) kitchener.ca, archived from the original on November 8, 2012 ; Retrieved September 12, 2012 .
- BFGoodrich to shut down Kitchener tire plant , February 2, 2006
- Lear CEASES production in Kitchener , November 27, 2015
- Comprehensive Review of Employment Lands Study ( Memento February 3, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), 2010
- Frequently asked questions about the Kitchener Blues Festival