|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Gussing|
|License plate :||GS|
|Residents :||936 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||30 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||7521, 7522|
|Community code :||1 04 03|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Johann Weber ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : ( 2017 )
|Location of Eberau in the Güssing district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Eberau ( Hungarian : Monyorókerék , Croatian : Eberava ) is a market town in the district of Güssing , Burgenland , with 936 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020), of which approx. 4.5% belong to the Burgenland-Hungarians .
The community is located in southern Burgenland.
The municipality includes the following five localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Eberau (395)
- Gaas (ung .: Pinkakertes, Croat .: Kerteš) (267)
- Croatian Ehrensdorf (Hungarian: Horváthásos, Croat .: Hrvatski Hašaš) (68)
- Kulm in Burgenland (Hungarian: Kólom, Croat .: Kulma) (129)
- Winten (ung .: Pinkatófalu, Croat .: Faluba) (77)
In 1221 the Hungarian place name of Eberau was first mentioned as Monyorókerék (hazel round). The Ellerbacher dynasty built the moated castle around 1400 with partially preserved fortifications. In the middle of the 15th century (1448) there were the first weekly markets in Eberau and in 1465 the German place name Eberau was mentioned for the first time . Berthold II, the most famous from Ellenbacher, signed the documents as "Herr von Eberau". From 1587 to 1590 the traveling book printer Johannes Manlius stayed in Eberau. The first newspaper printed in Burgenland and the first Hungarian medical and medical book came from his workshop.
By naming Eberau as an oppidum (Latin city), the place received market rights and became a business location (1615). In the document, Eberau is referred to as a city, the mayor as the city judge. In 1664 Eberau Castle played a strategically important role during the Turkish Wars and the Battle of Szentgotthárd ( Hungary ).
Ludwig Count Erdődy founded a Masonic lodge in 1770 , which was nicknamed "Zum golden Hirschen" (from 1776 "Zum golden Rad"). The rule of Eberau had the right to decide on the life and death of its subjects ( ius gladii ). The last execution was carried out in 1830 at the "Galgenstauden". As a sign that there used to be a separate manorial jurisdiction, the pillory still stands in the main square today .
Like all of Burgenland, the place belonged to Hungary (German-West Hungary) until 1920/21. Since 1898 had due to the Magyarization of the government in Budapest of Hungarian name Monyorókerék be used. After the end of the First World War, after tough negotiations, German-West Hungary was awarded to Austria in the Treaties of St. Germain and Trianon in 1919 . The place has belonged to the newly founded federal state of Burgenland since 1921 (see also the history of Burgenland ).
The municipal structure improvement law (1971) brought together the municipalities of Eberau, Gaas, Croatian Ehrensdorf, Kulm, Oberbildein, Unterbildein and Winten to form the larger municipality of Eberau. In 1993 the towns of Oberbildein and Unterbildein separated from Eberau and became the municipality of Bildein . In the same year the right to use the designation market municipality and to use the municipal coat of arms was reassigned.
Culture and sights
- Eberau Castle : The moated castle was built around 1400. The castle is privately owned and is not accessible to visitors.
- Catholic parish church Eberau hl. Joseph
- Catholic parish church Gaas Mariä Himmelfahrt, also pilgrimage church Maria Weinberg
- Lady Chapel
- Wayside chapel
- Trinity Column
- Marian column
- Pillory on the main square
The council comprises a total of 15 members based on the number of eligible voters.
|SP BL A1||280||35.53||5||319||35.52||7th||237||29.44||4th||214||26.78||4th||180||24.32||3|
In addition to Mayor Johann Weber (ÖVP) and Vice Mayor Günter Kroboth (SP BL), the executive councils Gerhard Oswald (SP BL) Walter Strobl (ÖVP) and Maria Temmel (ÖVP) are also members of the community board.
The following were appointed as mayors: Stefan Kalch (ÖVP, for Croatian Ehrensdorf), Jürgen Pree (ÖVP, for Kulm), Walter Strobl (ÖVP, for Gaas) and Maria Temmel (ÖVP, for Eberau). Mayor Johann Weber (ÖVP) performs this function for Winten.
Mayor is Johann Weber (ÖVP).
Weber succeeded Walter Strobl (ÖVP) in the direct mayor elections on October 7, 2012, who was elected to succeed Johann Schmidt (ÖVP) in 2001 and was no longer running. Strobl got in the headlines throughout Austria when at the end of 2009, on behalf of the municipality, but without a municipal council resolution and without involving the population , he agreed with the then Interior Minister Maria Fekter (ÖVP) to set up an asylum reception center in Eberau in order to benefit the community to do and stop the depopulation. Even party colleagues refused to shake hands with him, and tumults and threats against Strobl ensued. Ultimately, in two referendums - one of them on February 21, 2010 in Eberau - around 90% of the population were against the asylum reception center, whereupon Strobl withdrew the project. Although he did not comply with the request to resign, he was not ready to run again for mayor. Strobl did not want to confirm that the local and district ÖVP was putting pressure on him, but he also did not want to explicitly rule it out. In May 2012, the district farmers 'union chairman Johann Weber was nominated as the top candidate of the ÖVP, the joint candidate "SPÖ and citizen list" put up Günter Kroboth, who had previously appeared as a spokesman for the citizens' initiative against the planned asylum reception center. Weber was elected the new mayor with 63.41%, while Kroboth only got 36.59%.
In the election on October 1, 2017, he was confirmed in his office with 64.99%, his competitor Kroboth achieved 35.01% approval.
In the constituent meeting of the municipal council, Günter Kroboth (SP BL) was elected Vice Mayor.
Thomas Schreiner is the head of the municipal office.
- Paul Gludovatz (* 1946), football coach
- Gisela Legath , by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations award
- Michael Vas (1881–1958), farmer and politician
- Gerald Schlag: The Masonic Lodge "Zum Goldenen Rad" in Eberau 1775–1786. In: Burgenland homeland sheets . No. 66, Eisenstadt 2004, pp. 94–115, PDF on ZOBODAT
- Karl Ulbrich: The medieval fortifications of Eberau (southern Burgenland). Berger, Horn 1948.
- 10403 - Eberau. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Aerial photos of Eberau
- Planned initial reception center for asylum seekers Eberau
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Provincial Law Gazette for Burgenland 44/1970: Law of September 1, 1970 on territorial changes of municipalities (Municipal Structure Improvement Act) (PDF document; accessed on January 1, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Eberau 2017 election results (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Eberau 2012 election results (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Eberau 2007 election results (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- Province of Burgenland: Eberau election results 2002 (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- Marktgemeinde Eberau: Municipal Councils (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- Die Presse of February 21, 2010: The lonely man of Eberau (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- ORF Burgenland from May 25, 2012: Strobl no longer takes office as mayor (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- ORF Burgenland from August 24, 2012: Eberau: Strobl no longer competes (accessed on January 20, 2018)
- Marktgemeinde Eberau: Schreiner Thomas (Head of Office) (accessed on January 20, 2018)