Erpe (Twiste)

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The Erpe south of Oelshausen

The Erpe south of Oelshausen

Water code EN : 4448
location Districts of Kassel and
Waldeck-Frankenberg ,
Hesse , Germany
River system Weser
Drain over Twiste  → Diemel  → Weser  → North Sea
source in the Habichtswald Nature Park near
Zierenberg - Oelshausen am Wattenberg and Hundsberg
51 ° 17 ′ 45 ″  N , 9 ° 15 ′ 55 ″  E
Source height approx.  390  m above sea level NHN
muzzle near Volkmarsen in the Twiste Coordinates: 51 ° 25 '20 "  N , 9 ° 7' 14"  E 51 ° 25 '20 "  N , 9 ° 7' 14"  E
Mouth height approx.  176  m above sea level NHN
Height difference approx. 214 m
Bottom slope approx. 8.2 ‰
length 26 km
Catchment area 153.651 km²
Discharge at the Ehringen
A Eo gauge : 137 km²
Location: 5.6 km above the mouth
NNQ (11/12/1964)
MNQ 1962/2012
MQ 1962/2012
Mq 1962/2012
MHQ 1962/2012
HHQ (06/08/1984)
100 l / s
223 l / s
740 l / s
5.4 l / (s km²)
13.2 m³ / s
60.7 m³ / s
Drain MQ
877 l / s
Left tributaries Lohbach , Mühlenwasser , Viesebeckerbach
(see also: inflow table )
Right tributaries Dase , Rhödaer Bach
(see also: inflow table )
Reservoirs flowed through Ehringen flood retention basin
Small towns Zierenberg , Wolfhagen , Volkmarsen

The Erpe is a 26 km long, southern and right tributary of the Twiste in the Hessian districts of Kassel and Waldeck-Frankenberg ( Germany ).



The Erpe rises in the north Hessian Habichtswald Nature Park south of Oelshausen (south-south-western district of Zierenberg ). Its source area with 6 source streams lies on the western to northern slopes of the Wattenberg ( 516.2  m above sea  level ); The Hundsberg ( 496  m ) is located in the north-northeastern neighborhood of the headwaters . The kilometering of the Erpe begins on the western slope of the Wattenberg about 390  m above sea level.

The Erpe, which runs from the beginning and most of its route in the district of Kassel, initially flows north through Oelshausen, after which it is bridged by the federal road 251 and then passes the Teichmühle and the eastern Burghasunger Berg ( Hasunger Berg ; 479.7  m ) . Then it runs northwest through Wenigen- and Altenhasungen (eastern districts of Wolfhagen ), where it flows past the Großer Bärenberg ( 600.7  m ) towering to the northeast .

After passing through the mill of the lawn from the eastern side of the leads Isthabergs ( 523.1  m flowing) zoom Lohbach a. The Erpe then flows past the Schützeberger Hof and, after crossing under the Volkmarsen – Vellmar-Obervellmar railway line ( Erpetal bridge ), past the Neue Mühle and the Oleimühle; both are south of the Schützeberg ( 277.2  m ). Then the creek in the section Nothfelden- Wolfhagen is bridged by the state road  3214, which is part of the German half-timbered road there . After the confluence of the mill water coming from the southwest , about 1.5 km northeast of Wolfhagen, the stream passes the Renlewessen desert and Elmarshausen, which belongs to Wolfhagen, with the Elmarshausen moated castle and the Witmarsen village desert and then runs along the railway line past the urban desert Landsberg and the castle ruin Rodersen .

The Erpe then flows through the Ehringen flood retention basin , where it crosses the border to the Waldeck-Frankenberg district. On the right-hand side, Dase , which comes from Niederelsungen (district of Wolfhagen), also flows into the Ehringen flood retention basin. Slightly below its dam, the Erpe runs through Ehringen (south-southeastern part of Volkmarsen ), where the Viesebeckerbach flows in from Viesebeck (to Wolfhagen) on the left . After the Rhödaer Bach flows into the river on the right, the brook passes the core town of Volkmarsen at the Vogelsangmühle directly to the east.

About 1 km north of Volkmarsen or not far north-north-west of the Kugelsburg ruins , which are located east of the stream on the Kugelsberg, the Erpe flows into the Twiste , which comes from there from the south-west , a southern tributary of the Diemel in the Weser river system .

Natural allocation

The Erpe rises in the natural spatial main unit group West Hessisches Bergland ( West Hessisches Berg- und Senkenland ; No. 34) and within the main unit Habichtswälder Bergland (342) in the sub-unit Hinterhabichtswälder Kuppen (342.2). Then it flows in the main unit Ostwaldecker Randsenken (341) through the natural areas Isthaebene (341.34), Altenhasunger Graben (341.33) and Ehringer Senke (341.30), which belong to the subunit Wolfhager Hügelland (341.3); the mouth lies in the subunit Volkmars Basin (341.2).

Catchment area and tributaries

The catchment area of the Erpe is 153.651 km². Their tributaries include, viewed downstream (data according to the individual records mentioned in the table header):

Surname page Length
( km )
Source Muzzle
Place of mouth ( abbr. )
Mu stat.
( km )
( km² )
height ( m above sea  level )
Bach from Hundsberg right 01.4 400 328 Oelshausen (u) 23.10 4448-1192
Linsebach Left 02.7 353 294 Few hasings (i) 20.40 4448-1196
Brook from the Sollberg right 02.8 395 292 Wenigenhasungen (u) 20.05 4448-192
Bach from the Rohrberg right 01.3 340 285 Wenigenhasungen (u) 19.45 4448-194
Brook from the Great Bear Mountain right 00.9 310 276 Altenhasungen (i) 18.75 4448-196
Lohbach Left 4th 334 248 Schützeberger Hof (o) 16.25 05.05 4448-2
Mill water Left 11.3 345 235 Oleimühle (u) 15.10 54.27 4448-4
Bach from the waiting mountain right 2 309 226 Elmarshausen (u) 11.55 4448-514
Bach in the forge ground right 01.8 330 214 Elmarshausen (u) 11, 00 4448-516
Dase right 09.9 307 201 Ehringen (o) 08.45 31.54 4448-6
Viesebeckerbach Left 07.3 315 194 Ehringen (i) 07.20 21.23 4448-72
Brook from the Heidelbeerenberg right 01.5 300 193 Ehringen (i) 07.10 4448-7322
Rhöda brook right 03.6 280 184 Volkmarsen (o) 03.75 08.70 4448-8
Brook from the Hohen Steiger right 01.2 225 177 Volkmarsen (u) 00.55 4448-94
Abbreviations:    o  = above, i  = im, u  = below the muzzle


The source area of ​​the Erpe lies on the Diemel-Eder / Fulda / Weser watershed . While the water of the Erpe, which flows in a northerly direction, reaches the Weser through the Twiste and Diemel , that of the Spolebach , which rises about 900 m west of the Erpe spring and mainly runs southwest, runs through the Elbe , Eder and Fulda to the Weser, and also the south-east flowing Ems , which flows a little south of the Wattenberg at Schauenburg -Martinhagen, drains through the Eder and Fulda to the Weser.

Sights and cultural buildings

Among the attractions at and near the Erpe which includes Burghasunger Berg (former location of Hasungen Abbey ), the Big Bear Mountain with the Bear Mountain Tower , the Schützeberg that Erpetalbrücke , the surge Elmarshausen that Stadtwüstung Landsberg , the castle ruins Rodersen and the ruins of Kugelsburg .

References and comments

  1. a b c d Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. a b c d e f g h Water map service of the Hessian Ministry for the Environment, Climate Protection, Agriculture and Consumer Protection ( information )
  3. ^ Deutsches Gewässerkundliches Jahrbuch Weser-Ems 2012. Lower Saxony State Agency for Water Management, Coastal and Nature Conservation, p. 154, accessed on October 4, 2017 (PDF, German, 6523 kB).
  4. The source of the Erpe mentioned above is in principle not known in reality. If you are looking for a stream near the specified source coordinates, you will not find it. There is no single source. The watercourse is only visible further down the stream. Found in summer 2015 during an exploration of the Erpe spring by Wikipedia user Dirk Schmidt as part of a possible bicycle tourism project proposal Ems-Erpe-Radweg .
  5. Martin Bürgener: Geographical Land Survey: The natural spatial units on sheet 111 Arolsen. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1963. →  Online map (PDF; 4.1 MB)
  6. Confluence of the tributaries at / near the river kilometrage of the Erpe according to kilometrage (stat.) In the water map service of the Hessian Ministry for the Environment, Climate Protection, Agriculture and Consumer Protection ( information )
  7. For a better overview and sorting downstream, a hyphen is inserted for each river in the water code number (GKZ) after the number "4448", which stands for the Erpe .