Friedrich von Chlingensperg

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Friedrich von Chlingensperg

Friedrich von Chlingensperg (born February 10, 1860 in Winnweiler ; † March 13, 1944 in Berg ob Landshut ) was a German administrative lawyer in Bavaria who also worked as a homeland and aristocracy researcher.


Friedrich Maximilian Anton von Chlingensperg auf Berg (Landshut) came from the Catholic Palatinate line of the Bavarian civil servants, who were raised to the imperial nobility in 1693 and resided at Berg Castle in Landshut in the 19th century. His parents were Anton von Chlingensperg (1829–1895) and Emilie, geb. Mattern (1837–1925), he also had a brother and a sister. He studied law at the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich . In 1879 he became active in the Corps Isaria .

Civil servant career until 1919

After passing the exams and, in 1884, the civil service exam, he entered the civil service of the Kingdom of Bavaria . First he worked at the Frankenthal district office and the government of the Palatinate. In 1886 he became a District Office Assessor at the District Office in Griesbach im Rottal . At his own request, he came to the Augsburg district office in August 1890 . In November 1894 he came to the government of Swabia and Neuburg as a government assessor . In 1896 he became district administrator of the Landau district . In 1900 he came as a Councilor for the Government of the Palatinate. At the same time he was a board member of the agricultural and forestry trade association of the Palatinate . Out of consideration for his family, he was transferred to Munich in 1906 , first to the government in Upper Bavaria , then in 1909 to the Bavarian Administrative Court . During the First World War, he joined the Bavarian Army on December 24, 1915 . On October 1, 1916, he was released against his request and sent to the government of the Palatinate in Speyer as a government director .

District President of the Palatinate

For 1919 the provincial government of the Rheinpfalz appointed Chlingensperg had after the First World War decisive importance for the fate of his home in Bavaria and the German Reich . During the peace negotiations in Versailles, the French 8th Army under General Augustin Gérard was in the Palatinate. Gérard wanted to detach the Palatinate from Bavaria and the Reich and establish a buffer state under French protectorate . The peace conference was to be presented with a fait accompli through an uprising with the help of some separatists . After opposing the separatists, the district president von Winterstein was expelled by the French. When Dr. Eberhard Haas , a wine chemist from Landau, wanted to proclaim the Palatinate as a neutral and independent ( dominated by political Catholicism ) republic on the left bank of the Rhine on June 1, 1919 , but Chlingensperg, meanwhile Winterstein's successor, prevented the proclamation. Belonging to those who “never wavered and did not give way” , he adhered to the Versailles Treaty and the Rhineland Agreement and upheld the integrity of the Palatinate and the sovereignty of Bavaria. When General Gérard claimed that Chlingensperg had defied his orders, he too was deported and deported on January 22, 1923, by detour across the Rhine.

District President in Lower Bavaria

When Ferdinand von Pracher , the district president of the districts of Lower Bavaria and Upper Palatinate , died, Chlingensperg was entrusted with running the business on February 6, 1923. Officially appointed on January 28, 1924, his position was not easy. He wrote: " The majority of the Lower Bavarian population has been indifferent to the important negotiations and events of external and internal politics, especially since the increase in the beer tax seems to have been averted. ... The frequent dance music and other public events that require money and which often go without the usual scuffle are in contradiction to the need. "He only retired when he was almost 70 years old. He spent the last five years of his life at Berg Castle in Landshut and with his daughter in Munich.

Retirement and genealogical research

After Chlingensperg had retired in 1930, he devoted himself to the genealogy of his family, where he also worked as a local researcher and collected material on other Bavarian noble families, such as B. the Hackledt . His historical research was based on studies of his own ancestors that he carried out with his nephew Dr. Erich Troß (son of Chlingensperg's sister Natalie, who married the factory director Friedrich Troß in 1889) had employed before the First World War. His great-grandfather Benno von Chlingensperg (1761–1840) and his uncle Dr. Max von Chlingensperg (1841–1927).

In 1932 he published the results of his research on the origins of the Lords of Chlingensperg as a separate volume in the series of publications by the Historisches Verein für Niederbayern , of which he was a member and honorary president. In the time before the Second World War, Chlingensperg was mainly concerned with researching the relationships between noble families in Lower Bavaria during the early modern period .


Chlingensperg was married to Klementine Amalie born in 1888 . Benzino (1866–1947), co-owner of the Kusel estate . He had three children with her, two of whom died unmarried and childless in the First World War:

  • Christoph (1890–1914), royal Bavarian lieutenant, died in Vermandovillers / Northern France
  • Gertraud (1892–1983) married Maximilian Graf von Armansperg (1889–1948). In old age, Chlingensperg and his wife Klementine lived with them in Munich.
  • Ulrich (1893–1917), agricultural student, died in Gheluvelt / Flanders



  • The Mülhaimer -ättenpeck, Khaindl-Khlingensperger. Family history studies from old Lower Bavaria. In: Negotiations of the Historical Association for Lower Bavaria. Volume 65, Landshut 1932
  • Paulus Scheibl von Thurnstein - A family history study. In: Writings of the Bavarian State Association for Family Studies. Issue 10, Munich 1940


  • Bavarian Main State Archives , ministerial files of the Ministry of the Interior No. 64127: Chlingensperg Friedrich, Reg.Pres. (in Landshut) , duration of the files 1886–1929.
  • Bavarian Main State Archive Munich, ministerial files of the Ministry of Finance No. 67024: Friedrich von Chlingensperg auf Berg, b. February 10, 1860, District President of the Palatinate , the files ran from 1920–1930.


  • Christopher R. Seddon: Noble life paths between Bavaria and Austria. Forms and structures of rule of the landed nobility on the lower Inn in the early modern period , Vienna 2009
  • Annemarie Liebler: In the homeland of Raute and Panther: History of the Government of Lower Bavaria , published by the Government of Lower Bavaria. Munich 2008, pp. 107-109, ISBN 978-3-8316-0836-2 , digitized
  • Genealogical handbook of the nobility enrolled in Bavaria, Vol. I (1950) 764–767; Vol. VII (1961) 395-397; Vol. XII (1978) 550-553 and Vol. XVI (1986) 546-549.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Seddon, Paths of Life 135-136
  2. Kösener Corpslisten 1960, 109/632
  3. Liebler, Stammland 107-109