Jenny Gröllmann was the daughter of Otto and Gertrud Gröllmann . Her father, who in the 1930s on the part of the Second Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War competition and the resistance during the Nazi era with the Hamburg bästlein-jacob-abshagen group had worked, was set designer . Her mother was a theater photographer and later a picture director for Das Magazin .
In 1949, for professional reasons, the family moved with the two-year-old Jenny to the Soviet occupation zone in Schwerin and in 1955 moved to Dresden , where the father had received a new job. Jenny went to school there and developed a passion for the theater at an early age. At the age of 14, she played the leading role in Brecht's Die Gesichte der Simone Machard under Ottofritz Gaillard in 1961 .
From 1963 to 1966 Gröllmann attended the State Drama School in Berlin . After she had completed this, she got a job at the Maxim Gorki Theater in Berlin , where she was engaged for a total of 26 years. She made her debut at this venue in Ibsen's Nora in the role of a housemaid. Nevertheless, her theater career was initially rather unfortunate after Milan Kundera's then politically controversial work The Owners of Keys , in which she was cast with her first leading role, could not be performed. So she was initially denied the big breakthrough as a theater actress, even if she was entrusted with numerous stage tasks. In 1967 she made her screen debut with the DEFA film Tales of That Night , further DEFA films and television works followed, for example, together with Hannjo Hasse and Heinz Behrens leading roles in productions at the Moritzburg television theater . After success at the Maxim-Gorki-Theater, after 1990 she also received engagements at the Berlin Renaissance Theater , the Schlosspark Theater and the Hamburger Kammerspiele . On German television she became known in the role of the lawyer Isolde Isenthal in the television series Liebling Kreuzberg with Manfred Krug .
Gröllmann gave birth to their daughter Jeanne in 1969, who comes from a connection with Thomas Goguel and who is now a make- up artist . In 1973 she married the director Michael Kann . After divorcing Kann in the early 1980s, she was married to actor Ulrich Mühe between 1984 and 1990 . The marriage resulted in daughter Anna Maria Mühe in 1985 , who also became an actress. After the divorce from Mühe, Gröllmann lived with the film architect Claus-Jürgen Pfeiffer , whom she married in 2004.
In 1999 Gröllmann developed breast cancer . After initial therapeutic success, the actress was diagnosed with cancer again in 2002 and 2005, so she had to give up her role in the television series Storm of Love in 2005 . She died of cancer in August 2006 at the age of 59. She found her final resting place in the French cemetery in Berlin.
Contacts with the Ministry of State Security
In 2001 the Superillu magazine published excerpts from a 522-page file of the Gauck / Birthler authority , according to which Gröllmann was listed as IM "Jeanne" at HA II / 13 of the MfS between 1979 and 1989 . According to the file, “the candidate” chose the pseudonym Jeanne after her daughter's name. IM Jeanne gave, among other things, information about possible escape intentions of members of the Gorki ensemble.
After Ulrich Mühes ’statements in an interview about the allegations in the 2006 book on the film The Lives of Others , Gröllmann and a lawyer from the Berlin firm of lawyers Panka, Venedey, Kolloge, Gysi , Langer obtained before the Berlin Regional Court against Suhrkamp-Verlag and theirs Ex-husband a restraining order . She affirmed that she had never knowingly cooperated with the Ministry of State Security. Her presentation was supported by the statement of the former Stasi major involved in the process that he had always presented himself to her as a criminal investigator and forged parts of the files. Numerous alleged meetings with the alleged officer in charge were recorded in the MfS files at times when the actress was on stage according to the existing performance protocols of the Maxim Gorki Theater.
An expert opinion by the SED State Research Association of the Free University of Berlin , however, came to the conclusion that the MfS records clearly identify Jenny Gröllmann as the MfS IM. However, the court did not accept this report or the incriminating statements by the Gauck / Birthler authorities because it judged the contents of the file only as an indication, not as evidence. The court therefore granted Gröllmann's request and prohibited further distribution of the book in its original form. Therefore the film book is sold to his ex-wife with blackened lines of some of Mühes' answers. The court dismissed Mühes' objection and forbade him to continue to designate Jenny Gröllmann as an IM, since the MfS documents only provided “suspicious factors” but no facts. After he had fought for almost a year with all means, the publishing house recognized in December 2006 in the context of a legal dispute that it would no longer disseminate Ulrich Mühe's statements.
On April 18, 2008, the Berlin Court of Appeal also prohibited Focus magazine from designating Jenny Gröllmann as an IM.
- 1967: Tales of That Night
- 1968: I was nineteen
- 1969: The prosecutor has the floor: The story of Rosemarie E. (TV series)
- 1970: network
- 1971: Salut Germain (TV series)
- 1971: do you know Urban?
- 1971: Filmmaker (TV film)
- 1972: Police Call 110: The Mask (TV series)
- 1973: Eva and Adam (TV multi-part)
- 1973: I am a Young Pioneer (speaker)
- 1975: Broddi (TV movie)
- 1977: The escape
- 1978: The prosecutor has the floor (TV series, episode My Wife )
- 1978: Police call 110: Bonny's Blues
- 1979: The Birch Up There (TV movie)
- 1979: Everything in the Garden (TV play)
- 1979: Wedding in Weltzow (TV movie)
- 1980: Veszélyes játékok (Serious Games)
- 1981: Draws bare, cavaliers! or Der Schwarzkünstler (TV Theater Moritzburg)
- 1981: Katharina in der Klemme (TV theater Moritzburg)
- 1982: Your unknown brother
- 1982: The prosecutor has the floor (episode Hope for Anna )
- 1983: Police call 110: The trail of the 13th apostle
- 1983: Somebody Goes to the Dogs (TV Movie)
- 1984: I See What You Don't See (TV Movie)
- 1984: Hot goods in Berlin (TV movie)
- 1984: The Poggenpuhls (TV movie)
- 1984: Isabel on the stairs
- 1984: Police call 110: Outside by the lake
- 1985: half of life
- 1985: The prosecutor has the floor : factually correct
- 1986: The Bush Ghost (TV movie)
- 1987: Kiezgeschichten (TV series)
- 1987: Police call 110: Disaster out of the bottle
- 1987: The First Series (TV movie)
- 1988: Police call 110: Liquid weapon
- 1988: Passage (TV movie)
- 1989: Late arrival (2 parts)
- 1990: The Knights of the Round Table (TV movie)
- 1993: Who Lies Twice
- 1993: Tatort: Berlin - best location (TV series)
- 1993: A Case for Two - Revenge (television series)
- 1994: Liebling Kreuzberg , 4th season, episodes 28-40 (TV series)
- 1994: Tatort: One vodka too much
- 1995: Blood trail to the east
- 1995: On foot and without money (TV movie)
- 1995: Our Teacher Doctor Specht (TV series, seasons 3-4)
- 1996: convicted innocently? (TV movie)
- 1997: Murder in the Slaughterhouse (TV movie)
- 1997: Death of a call girl (TV movie)
- 1997: Just for one night (TV movie)
- 1997: Murder for a Headline (TV Movie)
- 1997: Saskia - Pregnant Forced to Sex (TV Movie)
- 1997: Tatort: Death plays a part
- 1998: In all friendship (TV series)
- 1998: In the Name of the Law - Behind Bars
- 1999: Jugglers of Love (TV movie)
- 1999: jury court - change of sides (TV movie)
- 1999: The Streets of Berlin (TV series)
- 2000: despair
- 2000: Großstadtrevier - Matter of Faith (TV series)
- 2000: SOKO 5113 - The Ice Princess (TV series)
- 2001: The Chaste Goddess (TV movie)
- 2001: Steel Network - Internal Affairs (TV series)
- 2001: Just in Case Stefanie - No Mercy for Mama (TV series)
- 2002: Mama and Me (TV series)
- 2002: The bull from Tölz: murder with applause
- 2002: Target Investigators (TV series)
- 2002: Establishment - Back to Life (TV series)
- 2002: The Backbenchers - The Party is Always Right (TV series)
- 2003: Edel & Starck - Murder is his Hobby (TV series)
- 2003: Ingredients for dreams
- 2003: Section 40 - Shadow Boxing (TV Series)
- 2004: Police call 110: The sign
- 2004: The Blue Wonder (TV movie)
- 2004: peas at half past six
- 2005: Tatort: Suffering like an animal
- 2005: Storm of Love (Telenovela)
- 2008: I want to be there - Jenny Gröllmann (documentary)
- 1961: Bertolt Brecht : The faces of Simone Machard - Director: Ottofritz Gaillard ( Staatstheater Dresden )
- 1967: Henrik Ibsen : Nora - Director: Ottofritz Gaillard ( Maxim-Gorki-Theater Berlin)
- 1971: Jewgeni Schwarz : Der Schatten (Annunziata) - Director: Fritz Bornemann (Maxim-Gorki-Theater Berlin)
- 1977: Rudi Strahl : Arno Prinz von Wolkenstein or Kader decide everything (Tilli) - Director: Karl Gassauer (Maxim-Gorki-Theater Berlin)
- 1978: Jürgen Groß : Match (Susanne) - Director: Wolfgang Krempel (Maxim-Gorki-Theater Berlin)
- 1983: Molière : The learned women (Armande) - Director: Karl Gassauer (Maxim-Gorki-Theater Berlin)
- 1966: Bertolt Brecht : The interrogation of Lukullus - Director: Kurt Veth ( Broadcasting of the GDR )
- 1977: Jacob Grimm / Wilhelm Grimm : Fairy Tales by the Brothers Grimm - The Frog King (King's Daughter) - Director: Heiner Möbius (Children's radio play - Litera )
- 1978: Isaak Babel : Maria (Ljudmila) - Director: Joachim Staritz (radio play - Broadcasting of the GDR)
- 1978: Ödön von Horváth : Kasimir and Karoline (Karoline) - Director: Werner Grunow (radio play - Broadcasting of the GDR)
- Heidrun Borchert: I learned my trade at the theater: Jenny Gröllmann . In: Barbara Molsen (Ed.): Intermediate tones. Conversations with actors and directors . Verlag Das Neue Berlin, Berlin 1996, ISBN 3-359-00773-5 , pp. 141–154.
- Ingrid Kirschey-Feix : . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Günter Helmes , Steffi Schältzke (Ed.): The Moritzburg TV Theater. Institution and schedule . Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2003. ISBN 3-936522-99-5 .
Claudia Kusebauch (ed.): TV theater Moritzburg II. Program history . Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2005. ISBN 3-86583-015-3 .
- Claudia Kusebauch (with the assistance of Michael Grisko ): The Moritzburg TV Theater - Program Chronology . Ibid., Pp. 15-208.
- Jürgen Schreiber (journalist) : Those who desperate have learned that somewhere. As the Stasi Major Helmut Menge Jenny Grollmann, ex-wife of Ulrich Mühe, registered as IM. In Jürgen Schreiber: The Stasi is alive. Reports from an infiltrated country. Knaur, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-426-78251-4 , pp. 191-199.
- Jenny Gröllmann in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Jenny Gröllmann at filmportal.de
- Biography on defa-stiftung.de
- Tomb of Jenny Gröllmann knerger.de
- Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck : The life of others. Suhrkamp Verlag , Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-518-45786-1 , p. 202
- Regine Silvester: Long farewell . In: Berliner Zeitung , August 10, 2006, p. 25
- Regine Sylvester: The target person . In: Berliner Zeitung , May 3, 2006, p. 3
- Grave of Jenny Gröllmann knerger.de
- Jürgen Schreiber: The Stasi is alive - reports from an infiltrated country . Munich 2009, pp. 191–199.
- Introduction the Maxim Gorki Theater 1981/82
- Stasi allegations: Gröllmann was IM and did not know . At: Spiegel Online , April 28, 2006
- "The Lives of Others": Court stops Suhrkamp-Buch . At: Spiegel Online , April 13, 2006
- Trouble process: Gröllmann may not be called IM . At: Spiegel Online , July 4, 2006
- Dieter Krause, Werner Mathes: "I have to finish this - until my death, if you like" . In: Stern 30/2006, July 19, 2006, pp. 120-124
- acknowledgment by the legal representatives of Suhrkamp Verlag in the legal dispute before the Berlin Regional Court on December 19, 2006; Acknowledgment judgment of the Berlin Regional Court, Az .: 27 O 757/06 of January 18, 2007
- Report in Spiegel Online . This decision is final after the Federal Court of Justice rejected the Focus complaint regarding the approval of the appeal by decision of December 15, 2009 (Ref .: VI ZR 132/08).
- Maxim-Gorki-Theater 1971-1980 (PDF) , last accessed on November 13, 2018.
- "I can believe in nothing more than in myself"; DER SPIEGEL of March 26, 1979 , last accessed November 13, 2018.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German actress and radio play speaker|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 5, 1947|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 9, 2006|
|Place of death||Berlin , Federal Republic of Germany|