Julius Euting

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Euting (Julius), orientalist
Julius Euting at the Hearthstone 1912
Julius Euting in Bedouin costume, painting by Antonie Boubong , 1886
Memorial plaque on the Juliusturm on the Climont

Julius Euting (born July 11, 1839 in Stuttgart , † January 2, 1913 in Strasbourg ) was a German librarian and orientalist .

life and work

After attending the Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium in Stuttgart from 1847 to 1853 and the seminar in Blaubeuren from 1853 to 1857, Julius Euting studied Protestant theology and oriental languages from 1857 to 1861 as a member of the Evangelical Monastery at the University of Tübingen . In August 1861 he passed the first theological examination, in February 1862 he received his doctorate with Ernst Heinrich Meier with a translation and explanation of some suras of the Koran for Dr. phil. From 1862 to 1864 he worked as a private tutor for the Freiherrn von Gemmingen in Babstadt . In 1864 he spent a few months studying handwriting in Paris , London and Oxford . In July 1866 he became a librarian at the Tübingen monastery, and from 1868 he was a librarian at the University Library of Tübingen . After the end of the Franco-Prussian War , in July 1871, he took over the position of first librarian at the University Library of Strasbourg under Karl August Barack , and he received his official residence in the Palais Rohan . At the library he made an outstanding contribution to the expansion of the oriental holdings. In 1880 he was appointed full honorary professor at the Kaiser Wilhelm University of Strasbourg . In 1900 he was appointed director of the Strasbourg University and State Library. In 1904 he received the title of a secret councilor , and in 1909 he retired.

Euting undertook several research trips to the entire Mediterranean area, to Syria and to Arabia . In 1867 he traveled down the Danube to Constantinople , then back to Smyrna , Athens and via Italy. In 1869 he traveled to Tunisia via Sicily to record Punic inscriptions, followed in 1870 by a trip to Constantinople via Sicily, Athens and Smyrna. From August 1883 to April 1884 he made a trip to Inner Arabia with Charles Huber and crossed the Nefud Desert . In 1889 he went on a research trip to Egypt , Sinai and Syria. In 1890 he traveled through northern Syria and participated in the excavations of Felix von Luschan in Sendschirli . His diary of a trip to Inner Arabia (1896) made him known beyond specialist circles. In 1898 he took part in the expedition of Rudolf Ernst Brünnow and Alfred von Domaszewski to Petra . In 1903 he made a trip from Syria to Egypt and also visited Mshatta . However , he was not involved in the acquisition of the Mschatta facade for the Berlin museums; he only excelled with a suggestion for the production of plaster casts.

The main purpose of his research trips was the research and recording of pre-Islamic inscriptions, especially in Punic, Aramaic , Nabatean , Palmyrenic , Sabaean and Lihyan script. He placed particular emphasis on the reproduction of the various Semitic scripts. Because of his extensive language skills, he was also nicknamed "sixteen language men".

Euting was a corresponding member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1898) and the Prussian Academy of Sciences (1907).

In addition to his research, Julius Euting was closely connected to his homeland, the Black Forest and the Vosges . In the Black Forest, his favorite hiking area was the Ruhestein and its surroundings, hence his nickname “Ruhesteinvater”. In 1872 he co-founded the Strasbourg section of the Vosges Club and from 1876 to 1912 President of the Vosges Club as a whole and worked for the development of hiking trails. He often went on hikes in the company of his friend Curt Mündel . In 1897 the Vosges Club built a lookout tower on the summit of Climont , which was named after it "Juliusturm". From 1901 to 1905 Euting was the managing director of the central committee and thus the chairmanship of the Association of German Tourist Associations. During his tenure in 1902, the German-speaking hiking clubs from Austria-Hungary joined the association.


At his request, he was buried at the Seekopf near the Ruhestein above the Wildsee in the northern Black Forest, where his grave can still be visited today. Every year on his birthday, according to a testamentary decree of Euting, Arabic mocha is served there.

His estate is in the Tübingen University Library, the Freudenstadt City Archives , the Strasbourg University Library and the Linden Museum in Stuttgart.

The Julius Euting Society, based in Tübingen, is dedicated to the scientific legacy of Euting.

Publications (selection)

  • Qolasta or chants and teachings about baptism and the exit of the soul; as the first Mandaean text with all variants, based on Paris and London manuscripts. Stuttgart 1867.
  • Punic stones. St. Petersburg 1871.
  • Explanations of a second order of sacrifice from Carthago . Strasbourg 1874.
  • Six Phoenician inscriptions from Idalion. Strasbourg 1875.
  • Catalog of the Imperial University and State Library in Strasbourg. Arabic literature. Strasbourg 1877 ( online ).
  • Collection of the Carthaginian inscriptions. Volume 1, Strasbourg 1883.
  • Nabataean inscriptions from Arabia. Berlin 1885 ( online ).
  • Sinaitic inscriptions. Berlin 1891 ( online ).
  • Diary of a trip in Inner Arabia. First part, Brill, Leiden 1896 ( online ).
  • Diary of a trip in Inner Arabia. Second part, edited by Enno Littmann , Brill, Leiden 1914 ( online ).


  • On the death of Julius Euting . In: Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen 30, 1913, pp. 136-137.
  • Charles James Lyall : Julius Euting . In: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland , vol. 45, 1913, pp. 505-510.
  • Christian Friedrich Seybold : Julius Euting . In: Biographisches Jahrbuch und deutscher Nekrolog 18, 1913 (1917), pp. 89–93.
  • Enno LittmannEuting, Julius. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , p. 690 ( digitized version ).
  • Hans Graner: Julius Euting . In: Lebensbilder from Schwaben and Franken 8, Stuttgart 1962, pp. 305–334.
  • Hermann Notz: Sixteen language men, Ruhesteinfather and fire devil. Professor Dr. phil. Julius Euting . Black Forest Association, Freudenstadt 1983.
  • Robert Weyl: Euting, Julius . In: Nouveau dictionnaire de biographie alsacienne . Faszikel 10, 1988, pp. 869-871.
  • Julius Euting: Diary of a trip to Inner Arabia . Edited and provided with a foreword by Kerstin and Uwe Pfullmann. Soldi-Verlag, Hamburg 1993, ISBN 3-928028-38-3 .
  • Uwe Pfullmann : Through desert and steppe. Discovery Lexicon Arabian Peninsula. Biographies and Reports . Trafo-Verlag, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-89626-328-5 , pp. 197-202.
  • John F. Healey: Safety of the Eye. The Contribution to Semitic Epigraphy of the Explorer Julius Euting . In: Carmel McCarthy, John F. Healey (Eds.): Biblical and Near Eastern Essays. Studies in Honor of Kevin J. Cathcart . London 2004, ISBN 0-8264-6690-7 , pp. 313-330.
  • Karlheinz Wiegmann: words set in stone. The inscription collector Julius Euting . In: Anke te Heesen u. a. (Ed.): Vocabulary. Collecting and Finding Words, Universitätsstadt Tübingen, Tübingen 2008 (Tübingen Catalogs, Volume 81), pp. 28–35, ISBN 978-3-910090-85-9 .
  • Christophe Didier: Portrait d'un fondateur: Julius Euting . In: La revue de la BNU Vol. 2, 2010, pp. 104-115.

Web links

Commons : Julius Euting  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Hélène Lozachmeur, Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet: Charles Huber and Julius Euting in Arabia according to French documents that have not yet been published . In: Anabases Vol. 12, 2010, pp. 195-200.
  2. Ralf-Bernhard Wartke : Julius Euting in Sendschirli on an extra tour. The epigraphic expedition in April 1890 . In: Antike Welt Vol. 46, 2, 2015, pp. 39–41.
  3. Volkmar Enderlein : The acquisition of the facade of Mschatta . In: Research and Reports Vol. 26, 1987, p. 86.
  4. ^ Noël Valois: Éloge funèbre de M. le Dr Jules Euting, correspondant étranger de l'Académie . In: Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 1913, pp. 19-21.
  5. Entry in the member database .
  6. ^ Deutscher Wanderverband (Ed.): "125 years of hiking and more", Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg, 2008, ISBN 978-3-86568-221-5 , p. 170
  7. ^ Deutscher Wanderverband (Ed.): "125 years of hiking and more", Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg, 2008, ISBN 978-3-86568-221-5 , p. 10
  8. Information from the Julius Euting Society on the Euting Mokka 2016 ( Memento of the original from March 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / juliuseuting.wordpress.com
  9. Diaries and sketchbooks of his trips to the Orient, biographical information: Entry in Kalliope .
  10. Partial estate, almost exclusively drawings and sketchbooks: entry in the central database of personal papers ; Permanent exhibition on Julius Euting in the Freudenstadt town hall .
  11. Jump up inscriptions, photographs, small archaeological finds: Robert Weyl: Inventaire de la collection d'estampages de Julius Euting (1839–1913) . Bibliothèque Nationale et Universitaire de Strasbourg, Strasbourg 1983; Daniel Bornemann: Les legs de Julius Euting ou l'organization posthume d'un savoir . In: La revue de la BNU Vol. 12, 2015, pp. 30–41.
  12. Objects of everyday Arab culture: press release on a cabinet exhibition on Julius Euting 2013–2015 .