Csanád county

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Csanád County

Coat of arms of Csanád (Tschanad)
Administrative headquarters : Mako
Area : 1,714 km²
Population : 145.248
Ethnic groups : 75% Hungarians
12% Slovaks
10% Romanians
2.5% Serbs
0.5% Germans
Csanád county

The csanád county (German and County Tschanad ; Hungarian vármegye Csanád , Latin comitatus Chanadiensis ) was an administrative unit ( county , county) of the Kingdom of Hungary . Today the greater part is in Hungary (in today's Csongrád-Csanád and Békés counties ), the smaller part in Romania (in Arad County ).


Map of Csanád County around 1890

Csanád County covered an area of ​​1714 km². The relief was shaped by the Great Hungarian Lowlands. The differences in altitude in the county were therefore limited: They fluctuated between 80 and 107 meters above sea level. The main river and also the southern border of the county was the Maros (now Romanian Mureș ). It bordered on the counties of Csongrád , Békés , Arad and Torontal .


coat of arms

The coat of arms of the Csanád county shows St. Gerhardus Sagredo , in Hungarian Szent Gellért , the first bishop of Csanád. He was the educator of the holy Prince Imre and is considered the patron of this profession. Bishop Gerhard was murdered on September 24, 1046 during the turmoil of the throne after the death of King Stephen I. He received the “martyr's palm” when he was stabbed with lances on Kelenhegy (today Gellértberg ) near Old Buda above the Danube. This explains its attributes.


The 1900 census showed a population of 140,007 people. This made Csanád one of the most densely populated counties. These included 103,242 (73.2%) Hungarians, 1182 (0.8%) Germans, 17,274 (12.3%) Slovaks and 13,982 (10%) Romanians and 3981 Serbs (2.8%). With the exception of Nagylak County, the Hungarians were represented by a majority everywhere in the county. Most of the Slovaks and Romanians lived in Nagylak County, the Serbs in Battonya County. The county seat was the city of Makó. 71,610 of the people identified themselves as Catholics, 25,234 as Calvinists, 18,384 as Lutherans, 4,520 as Uniates, 16,567 as Orthodox and 3,254 as Israelites.

District subdivision

In the early 20th century, the county consisted of the following chair districts (named after the name of the administrative center):

Chair districts (járások)
Chair district Administrative headquarters
Battonya Battonya
Központ ("center") Mako
Mezőkovácsháza Mezőkovácsháza
Nagylak Nagylak, today Nădlac
City district (rendezett tanácsú város)

The city of Nădlac is in present-day Romania , all other places in present-day Hungary .


  • Révai Nagy Lexikona, Volume 4

See also

Web links


  1. A magyar szent corona országainak 1910. évi népszámlálása . Budapest 1912, p. 12 ff.
  2. A magyar szent corona országainak 1910. évi népszámlálása . Budapest 1912, p. 22 ff. (1910 census)