Bereg county

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Bereg County

Coat of arms of Bereg (mountain)
Administrative headquarters : Beregszász
Area : 3,786 km²
Population : 236.611
Ethnic groups : 48% Hungarians
43% Russians
9% Germans
Bereg county

The Bereg County (German and County Mountain / Berger County ; Hungarian vármegye Bereg , Latin comitatus Beregiensis ) was an administrative unit ( county or county ) in the Kingdom of Hungary . Today the smaller part is in Hungary (in today's Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County ), the larger part in the Ukraine ( Transcarpathian Oblast ).


Map of Bereg County around 1890

The county bordered in the north on the Austrian crown land Galicia (or before 1772 on Poland ), in the east on the county Máramaros , in the south-east on the small county Ugocsa , in the south on the county Sathmar (Szatmár) , in the south-west on the county Szabolcs and in the northwest to the Ung county .

It was located between the Carpathian Mountains in the north and the River Tisza in the south. In 1910 it had 208,589 inhabitants on an area of ​​3,783 km².

Up until 1621, Bereg County was known as Borsova County . From the flat part of the county to the south, the relief became increasingly mountainous towards the north-northeast. The highest mountain was the Stoj (Hungarian Sztoj , 1681 m), an important pass was the Verecke pass. The rivers Tisza , Serne , Latorica , Irschawa etc. flowed through the area of ​​the county .

The 1910 census showed a population of 208,589 people. Among them were 93,198 (44.7%) Hungarians , 18,639 (8.9%) Germans and 95,308 (45.7%) Russians ("Ruthenians" in the language at the time). The Hungarians lived mainly in the plains near the Tisza, the Russians mostly in the mountains, less in the plains, and the Germans mainly in the towns or in smaller groups throughout the county. 103,206 people identified themselves as Uniate , 56,289 as Calvinists , 19,128 as Catholics (Roman) and 29,052 as Israelites .

District subdivision

In the early 20th century the following administrative division existed:

Chair districts (járások)
Chair district Administrative headquarters
Alsóverecke Alsóverecke, today Нижні Ворота / Nyschni Vorota
Felvidék ("Oberland") Ilosva today Іршава / Irshava
Latorca, today Латориця / Latoryzja Oroszvég, today Росвигово / Roswyhowo, district of Mukachevo
Mezőkaszony Mezőkaszony, today Косонь / Kosson
Munkács Munkács, today Мукачево / Mukachevo
Szolyva Szolyva, today Свалява / Swaljawa
Tiszahát ("Tisza Ridge") Beregszász, today Берегове / Berehowe
City districts (rendezett tanácsú városok)
Beregszász, today Берегове / Berehowe
Munkács, today Мукачево / Mukachevo

All places are in today's Ukraine .


  • Révai Nagy Lexikona, Volume 3

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. A magyar szent corona országainak 1910. évi népszámlálása . Budapest 1912, p. 12 ff.
  2. A magyar szent corona országainak 1910. évi népszámlálása . Budapest 1912, p. 22 ff. (1910 census)